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PERSONAL & PROFESSIONAL ETHICS and MORAL REASONING

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Rommel Llanillo

on 24 April 2014

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Transcript of PERSONAL & PROFESSIONAL ETHICS and MORAL REASONING

STAGES OF
MORAL
REASONING

ETHICS
PERSONAL
PROFESSIONAL

individual's belief about morality or conscience
often deep within
us, but not written
has the freedom to choose his/her own set of rules



a set of standards adopted by a professional community
the individual is expected to follow religiously, the code of ethics
usually written and signed
CHANGES IN
PERSONAL &
PROFESSIONAL ETHICS

ETHICS
-set of principles
of what is
right

and

wrong
http://www.studymode.com/essays/Difference-Between-Personal-And-Professional-Ethics-900714.html
Personal Ethics
Professional Ethics
Conflicts
Personal Ethics
Professional Ethics
-professionals are also expected to be honest and respect the code of ethics
-greater discipline
-your personal ethics must be separated from your professional ethics
Individual Ethics
Business Ethics
KOHLBERG's

STAGES OF
MORAL
REASONING
Influences
Responsibilities
-limited to people closest to you
-include more diverse and wide-ranging responsibilities
Personal Ethics
Professional Ethics
Scope
CHANGES IN
PERSONAL & PROFESSIONAL
ETHICS

Personal Ethics
Professional Ethics
-influenced by the taught of his parents, teachers,
and religion


-heavily influenced by the culture or set of standards of the organization
Responsibilities
Influences
Scope
Conflicts
Lawrence Kohlberg
1927-1987
American psychologist who is known for his research into the developing stages of moral judgment in youth.
Level I
Preconventional
Level II
Conventional
Level III
Postconventional
Stage 1
Punishment/Obedience
Stage 2
Mutual Benefit
Early Childhood (2-6 years old)
Late Childhood (6-12 years old)
Stage 3
Social Approval
Puberty (10-14 years old)
Stage 4
Law and Order
Adolescence (13-19 years old)
Stage 5
Social Contract
Early Adulthood (19-35 years old)
Stage 6
Universal Principles
Adulthood (35 years old & above)
Thank
You!!!

-One is motivated by the
fear of punishment.
He will act in order to avoid
punishment.
-One is motivated to act by
the benefit that one may obtain later. “You scratch my back, I’ll scratch yours”
-One is motivated by what others
expect in behavior –
“good boy, good girl”.
The person acts because he/she values how he/she will appear to others.

-One is motivated to act
in order to uphold law and order.
The person will follow the law because it is a law.
-Laws that are wrong can be changed. One will act based on social justice and the common good.
-This is associated with the development of one’s conscience.
-guides a person's overall behavior
-provide instruction on how to respond to certain situations
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