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The Roaring 20's

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by

Lexi Gobble

on 22 October 2014

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Transcript of The Roaring 20's

The Roaring 20's
Prohibition
Congress ratified the Eighteenth Amendment on January 16th, 1920
Nationwide prohibition began the next day
Al Capone
Al Capone and his gang controlled the sale of liquor to over 10,000 speakeasies
Also controlled supply from Canada to Florida
Pulled in $60 million per year, most if it being from beer

Paul Whiteman
"King of Jazz"
Born in Denver, Colorado, on March 28th, 1890
Died December 29th, 1967
Explored new styles of music through large ensembles
Jazz manager of over twenty-five different ensembles on the East coast
Earned over $1 million in 1922
Provided music for six Broadway shows
Produced more than 600 phonograph recordings
In The U.S
The law was enforced in regions such as south and western states.
Here it had popular support, however in large urban cities, many ignored the law
Alcohol
Large quantities were smuggled into the U.S from Canada, along both ocean coasts, and the Great Lakes.



Income
Capone's income in 1927 was over $1 million
The average American's yearly income was below $2,500
Post-Success
Imprisoned for tax violations in 1931
Eleven year sentence
Atlanta U.S penitentiary/Alcatraz
Died January twenty-fifth, 1947 of a heart attack
Speakeasies
Illegal selling of alcohol in camoflauged places
"Speak easy" meaning speak softly when asking for a drink
unlicensed saloons
Bootleg liquor (moonshine, gin, brandy)
Flappers
Jazz music with live bands
Music
The jazz age was underway, fueled by the prohibition of alcohol. It developed rapidly in Chicago, and spread to more prominent places such as New York and New Orleans
Large ensembles of 7-12 musicians mostly, some solo artists




Babe Ruth
George Herman Ruth, Jr
Born February 6th, 1895
Died August 16th, 1948
MLB records
714 career home runs
One of the frst five inductees into National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1936
Slang
Banks closed=no kissing or making out
Bees knees=extraordinary person/place/thing
Big cheese=really important person
Bimbo=tough guy
Cats pajamas=something really cool
Butt me=I'll take a cigarette
Culture
Dance
"The Charleston"-1923
Composed by James P. Johnson
Characteristics
Outward heel kicks
Up and down movement
Bending a straightening the knees

Boston Red Sox (1914-1919)
New York Yankees (1920-1934)
Fashion
Flapper
Characteristics
Short, sleek hair
Flat chested
Shapeless dresses with waistline dropped at hips
Makeup (red lips, kohl liner, blush)
Limbs showing
Smoking cigarettes
Layered, beaded necklaces
"Mary Jane" ankle strap button shoes
Cloche hat
Pale skin
Mens Fashion
Hats
Worn based off class
Upper class=top hats, straw boater
Middle class=fedora, or bowler hat
Working class=newsboy cap of flat cap
Oxford bags
Loose-fitting baggy trousers
Originated at Oxford Univeristy
Ernest Hemingway
Born July 21st 1899
Died July 2nd 1961
Classics of American literature
Books
A Farewell to Arms (based off wartime experiences)
Old Man and The Sea
The Sun Also Rises
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Born September 24th 1896
Died December 21st 1940
Books
Side Of Paradise
The Great Gatsby (did not become popular until after his death)
Tender is the Night
Began working on fourth novel during late 1920's, but was sidetracked by financial difficulties
Literature
Art
King Oliver/Creole Jazz Band
Born December 19th, 1881
Died April 10th, 1938
Cornet player and bandleader
"Sweet Like This," "Dippermouth Blues," "Doctor Jazz"
Mentor and teacher of Louis Armstrong
Louis Armstrong
Born August 4th 1901
Died July 6th 1971
"Sweet Georgia Brown"
Jazz trumpeter, and singer
Shifted the focus from group bands to solo performances
Jean Arp (Hans Arp from Germany)
Studied at Acedamie Julian in Paris
Associated with surrealist art work and sculptures
Piet Mondrian
Attended Rijksadame van Beeldende in Amsterdam
Interested in impressionist techniques
Similar to Van Gogh
Salvador Dali
Drawing school at Colegio de Hermanos Maristas, and the Instituto in Figueres in Spain
Influenced Metaphysics and cubism
Associated with three themes
Mans universe and sensations
Sexual symbolism
Ideographic imagery

Georgia O'Keeffe
Art instruction from local watercolorist Sara Mann
Studied at School of Art Institute of Chicago
1924, first large-scale flower painting, Petunia
Made an effort to move critics away from Freudian interpretations
Full transcript