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Dome of the Rock

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by

Gordon George

on 10 January 2013

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Transcript of Dome of the Rock

Prezentation The Dome of the Rock is located on a rocky outcrop known as Mount Moriah, where, according to Jewish belief, Abraham offered his son Isaac as a sacrifice. The inscriptions inside the building glorify Islam as the final true revelation and culmination of the faiths of Judaism and Christianity. The building is actually not a mosque but a ciborium, erected over a sacred site. Dome of the Rock Background Once under Islamic power, the rock was known as the place where Muhammad began his journey to heaven (miraj) and in the same night came back home to MeccaDomed and central plan structure, using the architectural styles from Hagia Sophia ( ) in Constantinople and also from the Pantheon in Rome First great Islam building, built in Jerusalem Muslims took city from Byzantines in 638 and built the Dome on the Rock ~687-692 to show the triumph of Islam, which was also the mark of a new religion The Temple of Solomon was destroyed in 70 CE by Titus, the Roman emperor This place was known as Adam’s grave, and the place where Abraham was ready to sacrifice Isaac. The writing, all mostly from the Koran, talk about how Islam is greater than Judaism and Christianity, best monotheism, in Jerusalem, but none mention the rock the temple was built on The fact that the interior hasn’t really been harmed gives us an idea of was the exterior looked likeAbd’s al-Malik’s mosaics portray: crowns, jewels, chalices, and more royal motifs, most likely relating to the Islamic victory over the Byzantine and Persian empire contemporaneous Santa Costanza in RomeThe Dome on the Rock is : 75 feet tall, double shelled, wooden dome dominates elevation to make octagon as a base A tradition states that by building the dome, Abd al-Malik was attempting to transfer the Islamic hajj to Jerusalem from Mecca in Saudi Arabia. The 60-foot-diameter, timber-framed double dome, covered internally with colored and gilded stucco and originally roofed with lead covered in gold, rises 35 meters over the holy rock. It is carried on a tall drum, originally faced with glass mosaics, which rests on a circular arcade of 12 marble columns, set in threes between four large rectangular piers. At the top of the drum, 16 colored glass windows light the central space. During the Crusades, the Dome of the Rock was commandeered as a Christian shrine before returning to Islamic hands. Many medieval people believed it to be the famous Temple of King Solomon. The great golden dome that crowns the Dome of the Rock was originally made of gold, but was replaced with copper and then aluminum. The aluminum is now covered with gold leaf. The dome is topped by a full moon decoration which evokes the familiar crescent moon symbol of Islam. It is aligned so that if you could look through it, you would be looking straight towards Mecca. The cavity beneath the rock, accessible by a staircase near the south entrance, is known as Bir el-Arwah, the "Well of Souls." It is said that here the voices of the dead mingle with the falling waters of the lower rivers of paradise as they drop into eternity. The columns supporting the inner octagon and the center circle are of different sizes; they were recycled from previous structures. The crosses on some show them to have been taken from churches. The carved ceilings on either side of the inner octagon were not part of the original design; they first appeared in the 14th century and have been restored since then.
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