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Hitler's Road to War
Transcript of Hitler's Road to War
Treaty of Versailles
Rise of Fascism
- the attitude of minding one's own business and ignoring problems outside of one's self.
Countries desperately want to ignore another world wide conflict
Failure of the League of Nations -
League had been created post WW1 to ensure world war would never happen again
Japan has imperialistic policies under Hirohito (and general Tojo)
they want to expand their territory into the Pacific
1931 - Japan invades Chinese province of Manchuria
China appeals to the League of Nations
they get no response
Italian Fascist imperialism under Mussolini
Mussolini, having gained power in Italy, wants more
1935 - Mussolini invades Ethiopia in Africa
the League does not respond
there are 3 general attitudes towards the appeasement of Hitler
giving in to the demands of dictators in order to appease them (make them content) and prevent conflict
supports appeasement and Hitler's reasons
believes Hitler will stop after regaining
lost territories from Versailles
1. British PM Neville Chamberlain
believes Hitler to be "sincere, simple and not intelligent" after visiting in 1937
feels no threat
2. Canadian PM Mackenzie King
3. (Future British PM) Winston Churchill
not fooled by Hitler
warns others not to trust Hitler's promises
1933 - Hitler comes to power in Germany
immediately begins to rebuild the German army and airforce
did this secretly... because it was strictly forbidden by the Treaty of Versailles
. Britain and France are more concerned with Communism in the USSR.
think maybe a stronger Germany will provide a buffer between them and the USSR
1936 - Hitler orders German soldiers to march into Rhineland
again, this is forbidden
think its only reasonable that Germany should have troops protecting its own country
1938 - Hitler wants to unite Germany and Austria
again, this is forbidden!
Sends troops into Austria and forces the Austrian leader to hold a vote to see if people want to join with Germany
Hitler rigs the vote so over 99% vote for unification
Austria asks for help. Britain and France refuse, saying that Hitler had promised he wanted peace.
Sept. 1938 - Hitler demands the Sudetenland (region of Czechoslovakia) saying that most of the people who lived there were Germans and wanted to be part of Germany.
leaders want to avoid
war and have been following
policy of appeasement
Sit down to discuss Hitler's demands and agree to let him take the Sudetenland in return for a written promise from Hitler that he would demand nothing else...
March 1939 -
Germany invades all of Czechoslovakia
Britain and France ignore. BUT - they say that if Hitler invades Poland, they will spring to action.
August 1939 - Hitler and Stalin hate each other, however, they sign a non-aggression pact - the Nazi-Soviet Pact - agreeing not to fight, and to split Poland between the 2 countries. (Germany avoids war on 2 fronts!)
Sept. 3, 1939 Britain and France declare war on Germany.
They DO NOT send any help to Poland.
Poland doesn't want to be split up.