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Social Classes of Muslim Civilization
Transcript of Social Classes of Muslim Civilization
Slaves are taken from the defeated areas.
A female slave who married her owner also gained freedom.
If non-Muslims convert to Islam, their children are given freedom.
Most slaves worked as household servants.
Islamic law encouraged the freeing of slaves.
Muslim society was more open than that of medieval Christian Europe.
People enjoyed a certain degree of social mobility, the ability to move up in social class.
People could improve their social rank through religious, scholarly, or military achievements.
The Muslim society in the period under review was divided into four different classes; the nobility, the Ulema and other religious groups, slaves and lastly, the Muslim masses.
The important groups of religious class included the theologians, the ulema, the ascetics, the sayyids, the pirs and their descendants.
Each member of a society must fulfill his own obligations and rely on others to fulfill theirs before that society can acquire the necessary reservoir of social rights and privileges which can then be shared by all.
Emphasized in the Qur'an.
They believe that there is a direct relationship between every man and his Creator, and there can be no intermediary.
Women In Islam
As in most of the nomadic tribes of the ancient world, women were deemed unimportant in pre-Islamic Arabia.
The advent of Islam gave women more importance, and were amognst the strongest supporters of the pillars.
Khadijah (woman) was, in fact, Muhammad's first convert to Islam and his strongest supporter in the struggle to establish the new faith.