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Shifts in Verb Tense
Transcript of Shifts in Verb Tense
There are three simple tenses of a verb: the present,
past, and future. PRESENT PAST FUTURE
work worked will work
talk talked will talk Examples The present tense indicates an action taking place – right now – at this moment.
The past tense indicates an action that has occurred in the past.
The future tense indicates an action that will occur in the future. A verb tense shift is a shift in time,
for example, from present to past, or
past to future tense. When a sentence or a passage
begins in one tense and shifts in
another tense without any reason
readers get confused. Examples Lauren caught the ball and throws it to Brittany. past Present Lauren caught the ball and threw it to Brittany. Corrections past past Lauren catches the ball and throws it Brittany present present Do not shift from one tense to another if the time frame for each action or state is the same. Review Acceptable Tense Shifts The verb was made refers to an action that occurred in 1936; whereas, is indicates a present interest in the film. Many people think that “Frankenstein” is the name of the monster because they skipped reading the book. the first verb expresses a general truth (for which the present tense is appropriate), the second relates an action that occurred in the past (and is thus expressed in past tense). The Wizard of Oz is a film that has enchanted audiences since it was made in 1936. Explanation Explanation Remember Keep verb tense consistent in sentences, paragraphs, and essays.
Do not change tenses when there is no time change for the action.
Change tense only when there is a need to do so. Usually, the timing of actions within a sentence will dictate when the tense must change. The End Use tense shifts only when you have a reason to move your audience to a different time frame. The second action took place in the past; the first action occurred before the past action. Therefore, the first action requires the past perfect tense (had + verb). “Shifts is Tense.” Ucollege.illionoisstate.edu. University Center for Learning Assistance, 2007. Web. 05 July 2011
“Shifts in Verb Tense.” Nijomu.com. (Nijomu) Nick Mullins, n.d. Web. 05 July 2011.
“Shifts in Verb Tense.” Srjcwritingcenter.com. SAJC English Department, Online Writing Lab, 2007. Web.05 July 2011
“Verb Tense Consistency.” Towson.edu. Towson, n.d. Web. 04 July 2011. Works Cited