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CHINA - Culture and Traditions
Transcript of CHINA - Culture and Traditions
Kevin Canja CHINA CULTURES AND TRADITIONS is one of the China's culture OLDEST Religion Confucianism Taoism Buddhism Chinese Family In fact,
CHINA IS ONE OF THE FOUR
Babylon, India, and Egypt)!!! Traditional Values Family life has always been extremely important to Chinese culture as Chinese lived in large family units. As many as 100 or more relatives lived together under the rule of the oldest male. The ideal was "five generations under one roof." Chinese families traditionally valued sons far more than daughters. A husband could divorce his wife if she failed to give birth to sons. In some cases, daughters were killed at birth because they were considered useless, for females could not continue the family name. Only men were expected to work outside the home as wives stayed home to do housework, cook, and attend to the children. Traditional Values Modern Way Today, the Chinese live in smaller family units, usually only with parents and children, and sometimes grandparents.
Today, girls as well as boys are valued. Women now do many kinds of work outside the home. Clothing Traditional Clothing The three main types of traditional Chinese clothing are the pien-fu, the ch'ang-p'ao, and the shen-i. The pien-fu is an ancient two-piece ceremonial costume of a tunic-like top extending to the knees and a skirt or trousers extending to the ankles. The ch'ang-p'ao is a one-piece garment extending from the shoulders all the way to the heels. The shen-i is a cross between the pien-fu and the ch'ang-p'ao Modern Clothing In modern society, men are seen at social occasions wearing the dignified and refined traditional Chinese long gown, and women often wear the ch'i-p'ao, a modified form of a traditional Ching Dynasty fashion Famous Festivals Chinese New Year The Chinese New Year is also know as the Spring Festival. This is a time for family members to come together to "Guo Nian" or pass into the new year. Money in little red envelopes are given to children for good fortune. Homage is also paid to ancestors and gods. Firecrackers are set off everywhere, and dragon and lion dances are performed from the busiest cities to the most remote villages. Lantern Festival The Lantern Festival has been celebrated since the Han Dynasty (206 B.C.-221 A.D.). During this festival, everyone carries colorful lanterns and gathers in a public place to have a lantern fair. It is also a time to eat glutinous rice dumplings which symbolize family unity. Dragon Boat Festival The Dragon Boat Festival commemorates the date that an ancient poet and patriot committed suicide by jumping into the Milou River after losing the trust of the emperor. Because of this, the festival is also called Poet's Festival. Chinese Food Tradition The Chinese have a number of traditional rules and customs associated with eating. For example, food must be eaten while seated. Also a set order of who may be seated first among men, women, old, and young exists. Furthermore, one must eat main courses with chopsticks and soup with a spoon. The Present Chinese food is available in practically all major and many not-so-major-cities of the globe. In fact, in any large city or little village in China, you do not have to walk very far to find a restaurant. Even in home cooking, food is prepared with sophistication and variety. Northern style dishes include Peking duck, smoked chicken, chafing dish with sliced lamb, fish slices in sauce, beef with green pepper, and dried scallops with Chinese white radish balls. Philosophy Traditional The Chinese valued the mind more than material things. They thought very highly of making it possible for human beings to live harmoniously and happily amongst one another.
The concept of yin-yang literally meaning "shadow and light", is used to describe how polar opposites or seemingly contrary forces are interconnected and interdependent in the natural world, and how they give rise to each other in turn in relation to each other. Modern Philosophy Today, young people increasingly admire Western culture. However, Confucianism will always influence every Chinese because it is an integral part of Chinese culture. In general, Chinese thinkers regard Confucianism as the philosophy of the past and Western philosophy as that of the future. Feng Shui Traditional Feng Shui In ancient China, this ancient discipline was a closely gaurded secret because it was used to insure the health, wealth, and power of the imperial dynasties. The Feng Shui masters guarded the discipline very closely and were charged with sustaining the prosperity of the royal court. Only when a Feng Shui master was on his death bed, did he pass the art on to his protégé. Modern Feng shui Today, Feng Shui is an accepted science based on the analysis of energy. Numerous institutions and organization are promoting the use, practice and teaching of Feng Shui. Practiced all over the world, it has many modern day applications.
The ancient principles are being applied to bedrooms, offices, and buildings. Mirrors, plants, and other objects are being placed as never before. Kung Fu Traditional Within the Shaolin style of kung fue, there are dragon, tiger, panther, snake, and crane styles of fighting. These substyles are so named because they imitate the special attack and defense techniques of different animals and incorporate them into boxing movements. Modern Day Kung Fu There are numerous private martial arts organizations today which are dedicated to the preservation of the traditional Chinese martial arts and to spreading it all over the world. Training for competitive martial arts matches and performance competitions are prevalent as well. WAYS OF
LIVING XIE XIE