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TOK LANGUAGE

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Kana Moodie

on 11 December 2012

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Transcript of TOK LANGUAGE

No it doesn't!
Pinker's Theory Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis Examples Japanese have different 'you' for different social ranking, but English does not
Kimi, Anata, and Omae
Encourages Japanese people to think and perceive their social status in regards to other constantly Steven Pinker
- Language is an Instinct Examples that support
Pinker's theory Conclusion Weakness in Sapir-Whorf Yes it does!
Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis Does the language we speak influence how we think and what we perceive? Katherine Kuo and Kana Moodie Impossibility of generalizing about entire cultures and then attributing these generalizations to the languages spoken
Theory based on Eskimos having many words for 'snow'. Turns out they have just about the same number of words for 'snow' as in the English language.
Languages are, in fact, translatable and only certain cases of poetry, humor and other creative communications are ideas “lost in the translation.” Linguistic relativity: that language merely influences your thoughts about the real world. We have all experienced saying/writing a sentence and stopping and realizing that it wasn't exactly what we meant to say.
= there must have been a "what we meant to say" that is different from what was actually said
= sometimes it is hard to find any word that properly conveys a thought "Thought is the same thing as language is an example of a conventional absurdity" Where did language come from?
If thoughts depended on words, how could a new word ever be made?
How could a child learn a word to begin with?
How could translation from one language to another be possible? Pinker suggests that people do not think in language --> language does NOT shape thought
Language is an instinct: it is a genetic and therefore universal component of the human brain Contradicts Spair-Whorf Hypothesis Pinker uses the example of a baby looking surprised when it sees one object suddenly turn into two. Pinker seems to imply that the baby is not just thinking "Wow!", but something more sophisticated, such as "I assume that things don't split into two like that, but this sense data is inconsistent with my assumption. I must look more closely." Weakness in Pinker's Theory The assertion that the concepts and structure of languages profoundly shape the perception and world view of speakers. Rather than just being a means of expressing thought, language is claimed to form thought.
Language determines our experience of reality and we can see and think only what our language allows us to see and think Linguistic determinism: the language you speak determines the way that you will interpret the world around you. English-speaking ranger and Navaho-speaking ranger percieve a broken wire fence differently
"The fence is broken"
"A fence (which belongs to a particular category in animate things, constructed of long and thin material composed of many strands) is (moved to a position after which it is now at rest) broken (by nonhumans, in a certain way)." Language relates to other areas such as art, science, and math as well Russians have two distinct concepts of blue—siniy for dark blue, goluboy for light blue In Arapaho culture, there is only one word for father and uncle. Does that mean a child does not differentiate between his/her father and uncle?
Strengths in Sapir-Whorf ideas One study showed that, even with extensive training, adult members of a Micronesian community whose language had only three number words: "one," "two," and "many," were unable to learn even simple mathematics
A study with members of a native tribe whose language had words for only three colors, "black," "white," and "red," showed a reduced ability to identify differences in color of colored chips. Thank you for listening! Strengths in Pinker's ideas Where did language come from?
If thoughts depended on words, how could a new word ever be made?
How could a child learn a word to begin with?
How could translation from one language to another be possible?
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