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Gr10 Social and Ethical Issues

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Nathalie Alberts

on 9 September 2010

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Transcript of Gr10 Social and Ethical Issues

THE INTERNET Economic Reasons for Computer Use Businesses weigh the costs vs benefits of computers. Computing technology has allowed us to be competitive in new ways e.g. new, better, cheaper products, new job opportunities, improved customer relationships in large businesses. Think of ATMs, robots in car assembly lines, industrial robots, Google, GeoEngineering, Smart Grids, Bio Interfacing, Data Interfaces, Personal Genomics Electronic payments, Credit and Debit Card, Cash-LESS society, 24/7 ATMs and online banking - Good: password control, balance enquiries, transfers Bad: compromised security, theft and fraud ...in BANKING the digital divide the future of print the future of the net The thing about predictions... "Computers in the future may weigh no more than 1.5 tons."
Popular Mechanics, forecasting the relentless march of science, 1949 "I think there is a world market for maybe five computers."
Thomas Watson, chairman of IBM, 1943 "640K ought to be enough for anybody."
Bill Gates, 1981 apocryphal "There is no reason anyone would want a
computer in their home."
Ken Olson, president, chairman
and founder of Digital Equipment Corp., 1977 Cell phones: Cheaper, we all have one, more accessible rise of individual
& entrepreneur Open source = unprecedented access to code & applications
Cheap to create business online & make own media
Teenager in basement vs worker in big company Twitter - CNN lost to Ashton Kutcher
Great way to know what's happening right now
Romeo and Juliet
Non traditional
companies Facebook
would be here! Shopping Register and shop online 24/7
Anywhere in the World
Delivered to your door
Payments made by credit card South Africa web access DESKTOP WEB: 5-million users
MOBILE WEB: 10+million users Most online publishers expect their mobile sites
to surpass their traditional websites in near future So, let's look at the future Shopping, Banking, Home, Advertising, Education, Business, 24/7, Health, the Environment the World is undergoing
profound change Manufacturing CAD and CAM, computerised systems = higher quality, more consistency, improved productivity, cut down on wastage, new job opportunities created, new products manufactured environmental issues Websites & newspapers effectively become "same thing" Newspapers' salvation E-paper, e-ink
No glare,
Low power
Size of a book
Good print substitute Internet access very cheap & always on
Unconnected digital device will be a strange thing
Most programmes web-based (Google OS)
Strides against digital divide via mobile phones
All media, voice calls internet-based Challenge: managing info overload & pollution
People will complain about "digital fatigue“ & digital noise
Focus on developing filters & aggregators
“Switch-off" holidays regularly prescribed by your doctor
Rise of anti-digital movements urging “get back to basics” Is Technology is shifting power to the individual ? " " Mobile: GPS & magnetometer A society of have's and have not's with regards availability of computing technology and access to the internet. On 5th anniversary You Tube founders announced that video views had surpassed 2 billion per day

Many many many websites that advertise products

Also in form of annoying pop ups when we surf the Net

.....And tons of SPAM Computers:
carry out tasks quickly, accurately, efficiently
store vast amounts of data
cut costs, save time
work all day and night with no supervision
can be connected to share resources
can be used in situations too dangerous for humans

" " Name that Nerd? www.matthewbuckland.com
matthewbuckland@gmail.com thank you Poor light + glare, eyestrain - poor eyesight

Heat and electro magnetic emissions

Wrist strain, poor posture and seating, lack of space, repetitive strain injuries, noise Health issues sometimes only visible years after damage already done Health and Ergonomics Types of web The web as we know it: browser-based
Virtual universe or Meta-verse
Augmented reality: internet is a data layer HUD glasses More computers = more power production needed = more air pollution = less non renewable resources
Green computing - uses less power, sleep while inactive, flat panel needs less energy than CRT, fewer harmful chemicals e.g. nickel and CFCs - EPA 40% users leave computers on all the time, heat, emssions, global warming, higher paper consumption broad economic reasons for using computers
effects of using computers
health and ergonomic issues
environmental issues
provision of solutions of national and international importance
responsible use of computer technologies social and ethical issues in computing a discussion about N Alberts
St Conrads College Sept 2010 http://www.mopo.ca/2006/04/computer-virus-spreads-to-humans.html http://blog.channelmanagement.com/ "requires mobile operators, service providers and sellers to register on secure databases the identities, physical address and cellular phone numbers of new and existing customers who buy SIM cards. All cell phone subscribers, both prepaid and contract, will be required to show proof of identity and to present a utility bill to show proof of residence in order to be registered. Existing subscribers will have 18 months from implementation date to register both their prepaid and contract SIM cards. SIM cards of subscribers that fail to comply with RICA within the specified time period will be deactivated." http://www.bidorbuy.co.za/article/1241/Cell_Phone_SIM_Cards_and_RICA Name that Nerd? http://soshable.com/name-that-nerd/ 1. browse 2. Add Items to Shopping Cart 3. Proceed to Checkout
4. Log In
5. Select Shipping address and method 6. Pay online
7. Confirmation email Name that Nerd? “We’ve done a lot but we are still a small company, just over 300 employees. There are a lot of interesting things happening in that space, however don’t know when it’s going to be, and as a small company we have to prioritize things. Something for the future.”
Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook Founder Statistics
People on Facebook More than 500 million active users
50% of our active users log on to Facebook in any given day
Average user has 130 friends
People spend over 700 billion minutes per month on Facebook
Activity on Facebook There are over 900 million objects that people interact with (pages, groups, events and community pages)
Average user is connected to 80 community pages, groups and events
Average user creates 90 pieces of content each month
More than 30 billion pieces of content (web links, news stories, blog posts, notes, photo albums, etc.) shared each month. http://www.pc1news.com/news/0359/teenage-hacking-is-a-cause-of-concern.html Advertising Pop Ups - Window that appears in Browser, initiated by mouse clicks, rollovers, websites loading. Implemented by means of Java Scripts SPAM is the practice of using electronic messaging systems (email, Cell Phone) to send unwanted bulk messages. Economically viable because SPAMers have no operating costs except maintaining mailing lists - costs are carried by the public and by ISPs. Reviled method of advertising and focus of legislation in many countries. Home Computerised washing machines, microwaves, security systems, cars, control lighting, heating, watering. We use computers to shop, bank, reserve places for holidays, book tickets, find info, do research, send emial, stay in touch, listen to music, watch a movie, play games... Education Computers at many schools (should be), universities and colleges. Educational SW enhances learning and provides opportunities for learners to work at own pace, wealth of resources available via internet, distance learning, simulations and teaching games.
http://gguillotin.perso.worldonline.fr/digital_divide.htm http://www.rightreading.com/blog/webwork/digital-divide/ “We had to use all of our credit cards and our friends’ credit cards and our parents’ credit cards.”
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