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vaishali shashidar

on 7 January 2015

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Transcript of ALS

Thank You!
Patient #5
What life may be like with ALS
• A type of doctor who focuses on a branch of medicine called neurology
• Since neurology pertains to the study of neurological diseases, and with ALS being a neurodegenerative disorder (a disorder involving the loss or death of neurons), a neurologist could treat the disorder
• A neurologist can help curb or slow the onset of the disorder and relieve symptoms and improve the overall quality of life for individuals afflicted with the disorder

Speech Therapist
What is ALS?
Vaishnavi Sankar, Sarah Gorban, Chandana Ramamohan, and Rohan Enagala

ALS- disease of the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord that control voluntary muscle movement

Degeneration of motor neurons

Riluzole- FDA approved drug
Ice Bucket Challenge
Error in Communication
45-year old single father
Hand and weak muscles
Trouble lifting weights
Tripping and stumbling
Hand-eye coordination issues
Slurred speech
Projection problems
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Average survival: three-five years
May affect speech, swallowing, chewing, and breathing over time
Medical faculties and machines to survive

How does it work?
"Motor Neuron Disease"
Attacks nerve cells relating to voluntary muscle movement
Both upper and lower motor neurons degenerate
Muscular atrophy
Lose control of all voluntary muscles
Most die of respiratory failure
• Also called a speech-language pathologist, a speech therapist diagnoses and tries to prevent or treat speech, language, and swallowing disorders resulting from a wide array of causes
• One of the symptoms of ALS is slurred speech, so a speech therapist could help to prevent this speech deficiency from worsening or help to improve the condition
• A speech therapist will not only relieve a symptom of ALS but also attempt to make life with the disorder more manageable
What's happening in the brain?
- The motor neurons die off and the brain loses it's ability to initiate and control voluntary movement.
Motor neuron degeneration leads to their inability to communicate through impulses with muscle fibers which would normally result in muscle movement.
Frontal Lobe:
. Speech Production:
ex: "slurred speech" and projection problems

Motor Cortex:
. Motor Functions:
ex: tripping and stumbling
. Muscle Coordination:
ex: hand-eye coordination issues
Brain Areas Affected
WebMD. (n,d).Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) - Topic Overview . WebMD.Retrieved from

ALS Association. (n,d). What is ALS?. ALS Association. Retrieved from

ALS Association. (n,d). Sypmtoms. ALS Association. Retrieved from

National Intitute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. (n,d). Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Fact Sheet. National Intitute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Retrieved from

Highland Hospital. (n,d). Neurology at Highland Hospital .Highland Hospital. Retrieved from

Occupational Outlook Handbook. (n,d). Speech-Language Pathologists. Occupational Outlook Handbook . Retrieved from

Full transcript