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Christianity: Religious Experience
Transcript of Christianity: Religious Experience
shows two aspects that God loves
obedience & adoration Differences b/w denominations: Protestants: don't find necessary (sola fide and sola gratia) All other traditions: way to salvation "Delight is in the law of the LORD, and on his law he meditates day and night" Psalm 1:2 spontaneous or read from a text 3 Characterizations of prayer 1. vocal 2. meditative 3. contemplative Book of Common Prayer Lord's Prayer: "Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name.
Your kingdom come,
your will be done,
on earth as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread,
and forgive us our debts,
as we also have forgiven our debtors.
And lead us not into temptation,
but deliver us from evil." early church Differences b/w denominations: Protestants reject prayers to Saints Eastern Orthodox & RC found justification for prayers for the dead Father Cleopa's stages of prayer: prayer of the lips - when prayer is just said
prayer of the mind - when mind comprehends the prayer
prayer of the heart - when mind descends into heart
active prayer - when heart starts praying alone even in sleep
all-seeing prayer - when unseen world including angels becomes visible together with future, past
ecstasy prayer - when mind is taken to Heaven
contemplative prayer - when people can be taken to Heaven from this life worship meeting on Sunday (Sabbath) Bible readings Communion/ Eucharist music teaching in form of homily or sermon prayer Basics History Beliefs DEFINITION: Literally a "turning towards", used of a turning towards God or the Church of God, from sin or life of sin, or, for others, from previous heresy or unbelief. catholic dictionary Also called Christianization Can refer to an individual or the change in belief and lifestyle of a group the disciples were both the original converts as well as convertors Council of Jerusalem Conversion of Constantine saturnalia Catholicism Orthodoxy Protestantism Eastern Orthodoxy Protestantism Ordination: reserved solely for men as priests bishops and deacons
Pope Gelasius I condemned women participating in celebration of Eucharist
Jesus' choice of disciples
Jesus was a man-priests act as mediator to Christ I Timothy 2:11-15 Declaration On The Question Of Admission Of Women To The Ministerial Priesthood (1976) Consecration: open to both men and women as monks and nuns Cloistered Benedictine Nuns
Poor Clares Benedictine Monks
Dominican Order Anglican: bishop's messengers
Ran Churches-not ordained
Most ordain as bishops, priests, and deacons Jehovah's Witness: Yes. Full-time ministers, missionary work-door-to-door through public baptism
BUT: deacons and elders are male only Latter Day Saints: Do not ordain women Does not allow ordination of women. "Deaconesses" Methodist Church:
Females played role for over 200 years as preachers and in '56 began ordaining Over 1/2 ordain women Presbyterian/Reformed: Yes.
Lutheran: Yes and No.
Southern Baptist: No. Altar Servers Provided services for women inappropriate of male clergy At altar, represent Father, not Jesus...recognize role of priest's wife Holy Tradition Not about a right or privilege Women Mystics in Christianity St. Hildegard of Bingen
Elizabeth of the Trinity
St. Therese of Lisieux
Theresa of Avila Life devoted to prayer, service to others, and visions What is a vocation? Vocation of Marriage Catholic Orthodox Lutheran Consecrated religious life of the clergy Individual Religious experience Catholic: