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A Doll's House- Dramatic Irony
Transcript of A Doll's House- Dramatic Irony
Definition: In literature, a plot device in which the audience's or reader's knowledge of events or individuals surpasses that of the characters. The words and actions of the characters therefore take on a different meaning for the audience or reader than they have for the play's characters. Nora’s exit was already mentioned in the back of the book, and through escalating events in the three acts, dramatic irony clues the audience into Nora’s decision to leave.
How Henrik Ibsen uses dramatic irony to imply Nora's exit.
Nora feels as though she has no purpose or place in this household because of the sheltered environment that she’s been living in. No one knows that she paid for the trip.
Torvald doesn't know about Nora's forgery while the audience does.
With the Krogstad incident clouding her mind, Torvald makes her worry more about her action being fatal in the household
P.54- Nora to Nurse:
Nora: Well, Anna, I won’t be able to be with them as much any more.
Nurse: Oh well, little children get used to everything.
Nora: Do you think so?... Do you think they’d forget their mother if she went away for good?
P.94- Nora to Torvald: “Torvald, you will be sorry for not letting me stay, even for just half an hour.”
She knows that the letter is still in the mailbox and doesn’t want Torvald to find out about the contract.
P.101- Nora and Dr. Rank
Nora: Sleep well, Dr. Rank.
Dr. Rank: Thank you for the wish.
Nora: Wish me the same.
Dr. Rank: You? Well, if that's what you want- sleep well.
Nora knows that she won't be able to sleep well because she needs to talk to Torvald- hints at future conversation with Torvald
P.86- Nora to Mrs. Linde: You shouldn't have done anything. You must let everything take its course. In a way, it's wonderful to be waiting for a miracle.
The nurse doesn't know that Nora plans to kill herself.
Nora hopes that Torvald will take the blame for her and wants to die for him. Mrs. Linde doesn't know what Nora means by this, but the audience does.
P. 25- Nora to Mrs Linde: “You all think I’m incapable of doing anything serious…or of ever having to face the brutality of life.”
P.51-Torvald to Nora: "Because an atmosphere of lies infects and poisons the entire household. Every breath the children take is filled with the germs of evil."
Henrik Ibsen's use of dramatic irony is evident throughout the text to indicate Nora's exit from the book. An accumulation of her forgery, her lies, and her background made her to not only think about the life she's been living, but also her relationship with Torvald. After Torvald admits that he wouldn't give up his honor for the sake of his wife, Nora realizes that she is merely a doll-wife for Torvald, not a wife. She had hoped for the miracle that Torvald would take the blame for her, that Torvald really cares for his wife, but since it never happened, it led her to her exiting the house
THIS IS THE DEFINITION