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Unity of Ideas

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Keith Brian Manlangit

on 23 September 2015

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Transcript of Unity of Ideas

Unity of Ideas
Techniques in Sustaining Coherence in Writing
PRODUCT FACTORS of COHERENCE
Paragraph Unity
Paragraph Unity Formula
It contains more specific information than the topic sentence
Sentence Cohesion Techniques
REPETITION
COHERENCE
Tool to achieve unity of ideas
Expressing yourself clearly and being logical and orderly and consistent relation of parts
Sentence Cohesion
It maintains the same focus of attention as the topic sentence
EXEMPTIONS TO THE RULE
Fiction
Journalism
where paragraph boundaries serve other functions, such as indicating when a new speaker is talking in a story
where paragraphs are especially short to promote 'visual' ease by creating white space
SYNONYMY
ANTONYMY
PRO-FORMS
COLLOCATIONS
ENUMERATION
PARALLELISM
TRANSITIONS
a semantic property of discourse formed through the interpretation of each individual sentence relative to the interpretation of other sentences, with "interpretation" implying interaction between the text, the reader and the writer.
Definitions
TRANSITIONS
Definition
words or phrases that help carry a thought from one sentence to another, from one idea to another, or from one paragraph to another. And finally, transitional devices link sentences and paragraphs together smoothly so that there are no abrupt jumps or breaks between ideas.
Coordinating Conjunctions
joins parts of a sentence (for example words or independent clauses) that are grammatically equal or similar.
Subordinating Conjunctions
joins a subordinate (dependent) clause to a main (independent) clause
Conjunctive Adverbs
can join two main clauses. In this situation, the conjunctive adverb behaves like a coordinating conjunction, connecting two complete ideas.
will also introduce, interrupt, or conclude a single main clause.
Connective Phrases
These are the phrases that link the sentences to explain something.
in conclusion
on the whole
under the circumstances
Clauses
these are the Clauses that connects sentences or paragraph within content showing how the ideas are connected or related.
you must admit
if you will consider these facts
as I was saying
Agreement / Addition / Similarity
Opposition / Limitation / Contradiction
Cause / Condition / Purpose
Examples / Support / Emphasis
Effect / Consequence / Result
Time / Chronology / Sequence
Conclusion / Summary / Restatement
Space / Location / Place
COHERENCE
PROPER WORDS IN PROPER PLACES
Plan the message
Arrange the ideas logically
Avoid dangling modifiers
Use proper transitional devices
Write naturally and with ease
Definition
MODIFIERS
INFINITIVES
Misplaced Modifiers
A word, phrase, or clause that is improperly separated from the word it modifies / describes.

Because of the separation, sentences with this error often sound awkward, ridiculous, or confusing. Furthermore, they can be downright illogical.
Misplaced adjectives
Placement of adverbs
Misplaced phrases
Misplaced clauses
KINDS OF MISPLACED MODIFIERS
EXAMPLES
PLACEMENT OF ADVERBS
INCORRECT:
CORRECT:
MISPLACED ADJECTIVES
INCORRECT:
CORRECT:
MISPLACED CLAUSES
INCORRECT:
CORRECT:
MISPLACED PHRASES
INCORRECT:
CORRECT:
Squinting Modifiers
Also Known as Two-way Modifiers.
modifier that is placed in such a fashion that it could modify either what comes before it or what follows it. Your reader may not know which thing is being modified and will therefore not understand your sentence.
EXAMPLE
INCORRECT:
CORRECT:
He told his daughter
eventually
the dog would have to go back to its owner.
He told his daughter the dog would
eventually
have to go back to its owner.
Split Infinitives
A split infinitive is created by placing an adverb or adverbial phrase between the to and the verb—for example, to boldly go, to casually walk, to gently push. Although split infinitives have been widely condemned in grade-school classrooms, they’re common in writing of all kinds.
EXAMPLE
INCORRECT:
CORRECT:
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