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Comparing and Contrasting Revolutions

This is about differences and similarities in the French Revolution and American Revolution.
by

Megan Cornwall

on 28 January 2013

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Transcript of Comparing and Contrasting Revolutions

Comparing and Contrasting Revolutions American Revolution French Revolution-Ancien Regime The Ancien Regime was the social class that France used during the Revolution. There was the first, second, and third estate. French Revolution American Revolution- Social Classes American Revolution- Taxes The taxing in America was much like the taxing in France. Only the poor and lower classes had to pay taxes. They paid taxes to the wealthy nobles and King. In the Ancien Regime the top class was the Clergy, who were priests. The priests were treated great, and lived in luxury. They also collected taxes from the third estate. Second Estate The middle class was made up of the nobles. They weren't treated as well as the priests but still lived great. They also collected taxes from the third estate. Third Estate The lowest class was everyone else. They ranged from bankers to blacksmiths, and lawyers to peasant farmers. They were the only class that paid taxes. They made up 97% of the population. First Estate French Revolution -Started in 1775
-British -vs- Americans
-They had minutemen, men that are ready to fight at any place or time.
-King George III said, "submit to British rule or be crushed."
- Americans wanted to break away from Britain and not be under there power. - Started in 1789
-Third Estate -vs- Everyone Else
- King Louis XVI was the wrong king at the wrong time.
- King Louis XVI didn't want to hurt people.
-The third estate didn't want to be treated poorly anymore. Similarities -In both Revolutions people wanted more respect.
-In both Revolutions people were unhappy about taxing.
-In both Revolutions the underdogs rise up. (The Boston Tea Party and The Tennis Court Oath.) Taxes All taxes that were paid went to the King. The third estate paid all of the taxes. They paid taxes to the king, church and for land. The third estate couldn't own land, they had to rent out land from the nobles,priests, and kings. This land was used for farming and hunting. Taxing was one of the main causes of the French Revolution. Timeline of the Revolutions 1770 American Revolution
1776-Declaration of Independence stated that people have rights that the government can't take away. It also said that people can rebel against the government. American Revolution
1783- The Treaty of Paris declared the U.S. independent from Britain. American Revolution
1773- The Boston Tea Party occurred as an act of protest against the British government. French Revolution
1789-The Estate General was call on for the first time since 1614. French Revolution
1774- King Louis XVI comes to the throne. French Revolution
1791- The constitution was proclaimed and Louis swore to an oath of loyalty. 1792 Because of the taxes the third estate
was starving. At this time 1 in 2
people in the third estate had a job,
causing lots of unemployment. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Upper class - Landed gentry, nobility from England Merchants - Wealthy merchants Tradesmen - Cobblers, farriers, blacksmiths, barrel makers, lumber sawmen. Farmers - anyone who owned land Workmen - loaded and unloaded, managed gentry lands as overseers, made rope Indentured servants - were free men, but owed
their labor for their passage to the colonies. Slaves - frequently freemen but were ALWAYS low class due to their race. Indians
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