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Emerging Adulthood: Recognizing the Unique Needs of Millennial's & and the 20-somethings

Jena E. Eberly,BS Marian C. Eberly,RN,LCSW,PhD/c.,BCPCC

Jena Eberly

on 5 March 2012

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Transcript of Emerging Adulthood: Recognizing the Unique Needs of Millennial's & and the 20-somethings

Development Emerging Adulthood: Recognizing the Unique Needs of Millenials & the 20- somethings (cc) photo by Jakob Montrasio Crises of the Emerging Adult: Jena E. Eberly,BS
Marian C. Eberly,RN,LCSW,PhD/c.,BCPCC Emerging adulthood:
transitions "...a distinct new period of life..." The age of possibilities Age of identity exploration Age of instability Self-focused Age of feeling-in-between What it's not: young adulthood adolescence Rise in marriage age
Rise in age of parenthood
Increase in pursuing higher education
Increase in freedom "What is different now is that young people are freer than they were in the past
to use the intervening years, between the end of secondary school and entry
into marriage and parenthood, to explore a wide range of different possible future paths." (Arnett, 2004, p. 7) "This period is simply not an 'extended adolesence, because it is much different from adolescence, much freer from parental control, much more a period of independent exploration. Nor is it really 'young adulthood', since this term implies that an early stage of adulthood has been reached, whereas most young people in their twenties have not made the transitions historically associated with adult status-especially marriage and parenthood-and many of them feel they have not yet reached adulthood." What we understand: (Arnett, 2004, p.4) adulthood Normal Development Issues Exposure to other life views independent living sexuality spirituality social connections autonomy financial stability friends family relationships college degree? higher education? self-authorship where do I live? Debt fear grief joy discovery what do I believe? love conflict technology economic turmoil multiple jobs meaning-making: "cosmos out of chaos" ethnic identity sex Definitions: Ages 18 to ~29 Identity exploration Major life transitions Reflection "The internal capacity to define one's beliefs" ..."necessary foundation for adults to meet typical expectations they
face at work, home, and school, such as the ability to be self-initiating, guided
by their own visions, responsible for their experience, and able to develop interdependent
relations with diverse others." -(Baxter Magolda, 2008) vocational discernment Outward view to Inside view of self wellness Epistemologial dimension (how we view the world)
Intrapersonal dimension (how we view ourselves)
Interpersonal dimension (how we view ourselves in the world)

(Baxter Magolda, 1998) "Features marking this stage of development:
identity exploration,instability, a focus on self,
feeling in limbo or in transition, and a sense of
possibilities, opportunities and unparalled hope,
accompanied by large doses of transience, anxiety,
confusion, self-obsession,melodrama, conflict,
disapointment and sometimes emotional devastation".
(Smith, 2009) Interpersonal Issues: conflict in relationships
Competition for achievement
Post 9/11 culture of fear
Economic downturns
Shrinking job market Counseling Approaches Understand unique development

Assessment of coping and risk

Assess strengths, challenge areas, & resiliencies Assesement Tools VIA Survey: University of Pennsylvania: a survey of one's strengths

Happiness survey: Universiy of Pennsylvania

Resiliency assessment: University of Pennsylvania strengths test


Pitfalls Boundaries

Don't use your situation as comparison

Avoid generalizations

Educate about developmental needs/changes

Ask. Educate. Empower. self-authorship What brings me joy? What are my gifts and talents? What does the world need? Purpose=ultimate end (Baxter Magolda, 2008) (Baxter Magolda, 2010) Religious affiliation : less than one half identify as Protestant; more than 1/4 as non-religious; 1 in 5 as Catholic and remainder were a mix of various
minority religious types

28-50% of religious affiliates switch to a different tradition or become non-religious

1/4 of protestants,1/5 Catholics, 1/3 Jewish, 17% LDS

15% conservative protestants surveyed as teens become non-religious between 18-25

Non-religious :more than ¼ switch pimarily to Protestant or Catholic

Between 28-50% of teens change to a different tradition in the four years post high school NSYR Research on Religious Faith (Seattle University, 2011) What does all this mean? Dependence Independence Reliance Self-sufficiency Depression (all types including bipolar)

Sexual Promiscuity/ compulsive behaviors

Sleep disorders

Anxiety disorders (OCD, Panic, Phobias, GAD

Eating disorders

Substance abuse (linked to sexual assault) Clinical Issues I think this is about feelings! Support Suicide stats 1 in 12 U.S. college students makes a suicide plan

Suicide is the 2nd leading cause of death among 20-24 yo’s (after accidents and homicides)

More teens and young adults die from suicide than from all medical problems combined

Eating disorders: 7 million women and 1 million men to up to 10 million (NEDA) Psychologial Severity Debunking Myths Parents are less important/relationship is less influential than peers

Peer influence is more important regarding religious beliefs

Religious/Spiritual congretations do not influence beliefs

Health information is mainly received from peers & school

Learning Objectives: Define theory of emerging edulthood

Identify critical developmental changes in the emerging adult

Understand cultural and societal affects on coping skills

Understand self-authorship & connection to meaning-making

young adulthood Adolescence adulthood
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