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Development of Scientific Thinking Timeline
Transcript of Development of Scientific Thinking Timeline
Pierce Ockham Robert Boyle Aristotle Democritus James Lind First Scientific Method. Described universe in terms of matter and motion. 1637 AD Inhibited science in the dark ages. 476-800 AD Galileo's Two New Sciences published, containing two thought experiments, namely Galileo's Leaning Tower of Pisa experiment and Galileo's ship, which are intended to disprove existing physical theories by showing that they have contradictory consequences. 1638 AD Introduces the experimental method and combines observations, experiments and rational arguments in his Book of Optics. 1021 AD Copernicus- Earth revolves around the sun, earth is not center of universe. 1517 AD Development of Scientific Thinking
Timeline 400 BC 300 BC 320 BC 1265 AD 1327 AD 1665 AD 1687 AD 1650 AD 1753 AD 1877-1878 AD 1962 AD First comprehensive documents categorizing and subdividing knowledge, dividing knowledge into different areas. The scientific method was built upon Ockham's razor. The "razor" was a principle that stated: "Entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily." First prominent scientist to perform controlled experiments & to publish his work with elaborate details concerning procedure, apparatus & observation.
Repeatability established First provides a detailed definitions for idea, matter, form and appearance as abstract concepts. Advocates inductive reasoning through a process of examining the causes of sensory perceptions and drawing conclusions about the outside world. Inspired by the writings of Grosseteste, described a scientific method, which he based on a repeating cycle of observation, hypothesis, experimentation, and the need for independent verification. He recorded the manner in which he conducted his experiments in precise detail so that others could reproduce and independently test his results. Experimental evidence established as the arbiter of truth. Published "Illustrations of the Logic of Science", popularizing his trichotomy of Abduction, Deduction and Induction. Peirce explains randomization as a basis for statistical inference. First description of a controlled experiment using identical populations with only one variable: Research into Scurvy among sailors. Hypothesis/prediction Wrote, "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions". His work is an analysis of the history of science. He said that, scientific progress had been seen primarily as "development-by-accumulation" of accepted facts and theories. 2000-200 BC 500-1100 AD
Dark Ages 1200-1300 AD
Renaissance 1500-1600 AD 1700-1800 AD 1900-2000 AD