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Transcript of Guns
The invention of gunpowder led to the development of firearms. Gunpowder first appeared in use in China over a thousand years ago, but was used primarily in firecrackers and only sparingly in weapons for military use.
Arrival of gunpowder to Europe in the 14th century did not at first lead to military usage. It was also obtained from traders along the silk road.
However, once the effectiveness of projectiles impelled by the force of gunpowder against both the armor of knight-soldiers and fortifications was known, the use of firearms proliferated rapidly. The "percussion" ignition mechanism evolved next in the 19th century and consisted of a hammer that was locked and, when released, struck a cap containing a volatile "primer" that ignited on impact, sending a flame through a small tube into the barrel chamber. This also increased the accuracy of the bullet because it left room for precision. (4) Accuracy improved with the use of rifling - metal lands and grooves with a twist inside the barrel of the gun. The bullet gripped the rifling that imparted a spin to the bullet as it traversed the barrel. The spinning bullet that left the barrel had more stability with less tumbling in flight. This produced a more consistent and longer flight path. Thus, accuracy and range improved. (2) Bibliography (1) Banno A, Masuda T, Ikeuchi K. Three dimensional visualization and comparison of impressions on fired bullets. Forensic Sci Int. 2004;140:233-240.
(2) Blackmore, Tim. 2006. "Cyclic Gun—Human Evolution: Soldiers, Guns, Machine Logic, and the Future." Bulletin Of Science, Technology & Society 26, no. 5: 363-369. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed April 3, 2013).
(3) Trotter, Gayle S. 2013. "Should Congress Pass Stronger Gun Laws?." Congressional Digest 92, no. 3: 25-31. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed April 3, 2013).
(4) Hoffert, Barbara. 2012. "American Gun: A History of the U. S. in 10 Fireams." Library Journal 137, no. 20: 58. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed April 3, 2013).
(5) Harder, Jeff. "Who Invented The First Gun?." HowStuffWorks. http://www.howstuffworks.com/innovation/inventions/who-invented-the-first-gun.htm (accessed May 10, 2013).
(6) Mary, Bellis. "History of Firearms." About.com. http://inventors.about.com/od/militaryhistoryinventions/a/firearms.htm (accessed May 10, 2013).
(7) Zornick, Geogre. 2013. "Walmart: America's No. 1 Gun Source." Nation 296, no. 1/2: 15-20. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed May 10, 2013).
(8) 2013. "Gun Control Overview." Congressional Digest 92, no. 3: 3-7. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed April 3,2013).
(9) 2013. "I've Owned Six Guns I've Drawn Them On Bad Guys I Want To Be Understood." New Republic 244, no. 1: 30-35. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed May 10, 2013).
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Thesis Statement Notable Inventors In 1718, James Puckle of London, England, demonstrated his new invention, the "Puckle Gun," a tripod-mounted, single-barreled flintlock gun fitted with a multi-shot revolving cylinder. This weapon fired nine shots per minute at a time when the standard soldier's musket could be loaded and fired but three times per minute. (6) (2) Some gun owners believe the law should be left unchanged/unaltered. American culture has always been around guns. Why should we the people, give up our god-given right to bear arms?
-"The hour of reckoning had come, particularly for gun owners like me who’d never thought clearly about where we stood, only that it was somewhere between the militants and the innocents—a dangerous spot, since both sides felt attacked." (9)
Never before have gun rights been "under fire" until the last decade with increased gun violence. Silk road Even though James Puckle was British, he managed to remain in the history of American guns. The Puckle gun attracted the attention of many Americans, being one of the first rapid fire guns ever invented. It was capable of firing 60 shots in 7 minutes. (8) The flintlock mechanism remained to be in use for 2 centuries after it was invented by Marin le Bourgeoys. Inventors (Continued) Marin le Bourgeoys Marin le Bourgeoys was born in France. In 1598, his talents attracted King Henry IV, and he was appointed Valet de Chambre in the Royal Court.
He continued in royal service under the reign of King Louis XIII. Sometime between 1610 and 1615 he created the first true flintlock weapon. This design was popularized and soon spread over all of Europe. His weapons were considered works of art, and Louis XIII kept many of them in a private collection. Conclusion Guns are fascinating tools that gave humans power to shoot and kill from a distance. They changed the way we fought wars and created a culture all on its own. Many inventors had help evolve the firearm into an accessible fast weapon for humans. However, for every bright light that shines, casts a dark shadow which is the deadly factor of guns. Guns are tools which when held by the wrong person can cause a lot of damage. Gun control is an alternative that takes away rights from people capable of using said tools properly. In conclusion, guns are an awesome man-made tool, continuing to revolutionize the world we live in today. Gun Culture American gun culture as it exists today is founded on three factors: the beginning of personal firearms since the earliest days of the nation, the connection of movie star media, and the country's revolutionary frontier history. To this day we can see that people still value their weapons creating controversy on gun law topics.