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Guns

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Bladen Williams

on 10 May 2013

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Transcript of Guns

Gun Control Gun technology has changed radically over the last 200 years. When our forefathers gave us the right to bear arms under the 2nd amendment they didn’t take into account the technological advancements that would take place. With today's technology guns can shoot as much 40 rounds compared to a musket counter part that shot 4 rounds a minute. (10) Gun technology has been around since the 1oth century. Gun powder made its appearance in the 13th century in Europe because of merchants trading across the silk road. They made cannons and armed their war ships with them. Fast forward to the 15th century the French invented the “arquebus” which implemented the “lock” part of the gun where gun powder was stored and ignited by a wick. These were the first reliable guns ever created but people still used bows and arrows due to its reload speed (~2mins). (5) Early Era Firearms Controversy Cont. Controversy has never gained more ground than it has now over owning high output weapons. When we see instances on the news such the Sandy Hook Elementary school shooting it becomes easier to understand the issues of owning a gun. Why aren’t we taking steps to resolve these issues? How many more lives have to be lost before we make a decision to owning high output weapons? I believe there should be limits set on gun ownership. It is my personal belief that laws need to be set in stone regarding screening for people to own such guns. I do not believe that owning a gun should be outlawed completely because that is our american-born right. We should however implement laws against semi-automatic weapons that are capable of killing many people in one setting. The Mechanics and Science of Using a Gun By: Bladen Williams Early era firearms revolutionized the world we live in because they: enhanced military power, evolved for faster fire rates, and created helpful and hindering qualities. Historians recognize the Chinese fire lance as the first true gun related weapon which was created in the 10th century. They used “huo yao” which was a combination of charcoal, saltpeter, and sulfur to make gun powder. However its first initial use was intended to treat skin infections. Its wasn’t until later that chinese armies learned that you could use it to make an exploding effect. (5) Different Types of Guns Throughout History 1400s - 1900s Gunpowder, owes its explosive force to the fact that 1 mole of solid powder will, when ignited, produce 6 moles of gas. This rapid expansion in the enclosed space of a metal tube could be used to drive a projectile at high speed in a specified direction. Modern gunpowder is simply a refined version of the primitive substance in which the chemical composition has been altered to provide the greatest expansion with the smallest quantity and the least residue. (1) Matchlock Gun Wheel Lock Flintlock Percussion Primitive matchlock weapons employed a burning wick on a spring that was "locked" back and released into a pan of powder upon pulling a trigger. The powder in the pan then ignited, sending flame through a small hole into the barrel chamber of the weapon, igniting a larger powder charge in the chamber and sending the projectile (bullet) forward. (4) In the early 16th century, improvements included the wheel lock mechanism in which a spinning wheel against a metal plate showered sparks into the pan holding priming powder. (4) The flintlock was developed in the early 17th century. A flint was released by the trigger mechanism that strikes a steel plate to shower sparks into the pan filled with powder. (4)
The invention of gunpowder led to the development of firearms. Gunpowder first appeared in use in China over a thousand years ago, but was used primarily in firecrackers and only sparingly in weapons for military use.

Arrival of gunpowder to Europe in the 14th century did not at first lead to military usage. It was also obtained from traders along the silk road.

However, once the effectiveness of projectiles impelled by the force of gunpowder against both the armor of knight-soldiers and fortifications was known, the use of firearms proliferated rapidly. The "percussion" ignition mechanism evolved next in the 19th century and consisted of a hammer that was locked and, when released, struck a cap containing a volatile "primer" that ignited on impact, sending a flame through a small tube into the barrel chamber. This also increased the accuracy of the bullet because it left room for precision. (4) Accuracy improved with the use of rifling - metal lands and grooves with a twist inside the barrel of the gun. The bullet gripped the rifling that imparted a spin to the bullet as it traversed the barrel. The spinning bullet that left the barrel had more stability with less tumbling in flight. This produced a more consistent and longer flight path. Thus, accuracy and range improved. (2) Bibliography (1) Banno A, Masuda T, Ikeuchi K. Three dimensional visualization and comparison of impressions on fired bullets. Forensic Sci Int. 2004;140:233-240.

(2) Blackmore, Tim. 2006. "Cyclic Gun—Human Evolution: Soldiers, Guns, Machine Logic, and the Future." Bulletin Of Science, Technology & Society 26, no. 5: 363-369. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed April 3, 2013).

(3) Trotter, Gayle S. 2013. "Should Congress Pass Stronger Gun Laws?." Congressional Digest 92, no. 3: 25-31. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed April 3, 2013).

(4) Hoffert, Barbara. 2012. "American Gun: A History of the U. S. in 10 Fireams." Library Journal 137, no. 20: 58. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed April 3, 2013).

(5) Harder, Jeff. "Who Invented The First Gun?." HowStuffWorks. http://www.howstuffworks.com/innovation/inventions/who-invented-the-first-gun.htm (accessed May 10, 2013).

(6) Mary, Bellis. "History of Firearms." About.com. http://inventors.about.com/od/militaryhistoryinventions/a/firearms.htm (accessed May 10, 2013).

(7) Zornick, Geogre. 2013. "Walmart: America's No. 1 Gun Source." Nation 296, no. 1/2: 15-20. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed May 10, 2013).

(8) 2013. "Gun Control Overview." Congressional Digest 92, no. 3: 3-7. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed April 3,2013).

(9) 2013. "I've Owned Six Guns I've Drawn Them On Bad Guys I Want To Be Understood." New Republic 244, no. 1: 30-35. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed May 10, 2013).

(10) 2013. "White House Plan to Reduce Gun Violence." Congressional Digest 92, no. 3: 8-32. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed May 10, 2013).
Thesis Statement Notable Inventors In 1718, James Puckle of London, England, demonstrated his new invention, the "Puckle Gun," a tripod-mounted, single-barreled flintlock gun fitted with a multi-shot revolving cylinder. This weapon fired nine shots per minute at a time when the standard soldier's musket could be loaded and fired but three times per minute. (6) (2) Some gun owners believe the law should be left unchanged/unaltered. American culture has always been around guns. Why should we the people, give up our god-given right to bear arms?

-"The hour of reckoning had come, particularly for gun owners like me who’d never thought clearly about where we stood, only that it was somewhere between the militants and the innocents—a dangerous spot, since both sides felt attacked." (9)

Never before have gun rights been "under fire" until the last decade with increased gun violence. Silk road Even though James Puckle was British, he managed to remain in the history of American guns. The Puckle gun attracted the attention of many Americans, being one of the first rapid fire guns ever invented. It was capable of firing 60 shots in 7 minutes. (8) The flintlock mechanism remained to be in use for 2 centuries after it was invented by Marin le Bourgeoys. Inventors (Continued) Marin le Bourgeoys Marin le Bourgeoys was born in France. In 1598, his talents attracted King Henry IV, and he was appointed Valet de Chambre in the Royal Court.

He continued in royal service under the reign of King Louis XIII. Sometime between 1610 and 1615 he created the first true flintlock weapon. This design was popularized and soon spread over all of Europe. His weapons were considered works of art, and Louis XIII kept many of them in a private collection. Conclusion Guns are fascinating tools that gave humans power to shoot and kill from a distance. They changed the way we fought wars and created a culture all on its own. Many inventors had help evolve the firearm into an accessible fast weapon for humans. However, for every bright light that shines, casts a dark shadow which is the deadly factor of guns. Guns are tools which when held by the wrong person can cause a lot of damage. Gun control is an alternative that takes away rights from people capable of using said tools properly. In conclusion, guns are an awesome man-made tool, continuing to revolutionize the world we live in today. Gun Culture American gun culture as it exists today is founded on three factors: the beginning of personal firearms since the earliest days of the nation, the connection of movie star media, and the country's revolutionary frontier history. To this day we can see that people still value their weapons creating controversy on gun law topics.
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