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Tagalog

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by

Carmela S

on 14 September 2016

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Transcript of Tagalog

Pronunciation
Vowels
Pronunciation
Consonants
The Old Alphabet
History, alphabet, pronunciation
Filipino (Tagalog)
Cc Ff Jj Ññ
Qq Vv Xx Zz
"Missing" Letters
A
E
I
O
U
a
in
father
e
in
met
ee
in
meet
o
in
forty
oo
in
wood
la
ba
da
ele
pan
te
hin
di
'
mo
u
lit
Dipthongs
ay

aw

ey

iw

oy

uy
a
way

a
yaw

rey
na

a
giw

ka
hoy

ka
suy
Digraphs and Trigraphs
dy

ny

sy

ty

ts
/j/

/ñ/

/sh/

/ch/

/ch/


estu
dyan
te

ka
nya

ka
sya

ku
tya
'

ku
tsa
ra
diyar
yo

niyog

siya

tiya
ga
'



diy

niy

siy

tiy
Double vowels appear in Tagalog. Pronounce them separately.

Do not aspirate
p
,
k
, and
t
.

"NG" is counted as a single letter.

"D" sometimes becomes "R"

Don't be confused if native speakers pronounce "lalaki" with an
i
as or "lalake" with an
e
.

Don't be confused if native speakers pronounce "puso" with an
o
or as "pusu" with a
u
though this is less common.

Be careful of the glottal stop.



sa
an,
mali
it,
le
eg


pu
la,
ka
may, ta
o



daw/raw, dito/rito








su
ka,
su
ka'

Notes
NG
nga
yon

ngi
lay

ngumi
ti
'

ngu
nit

nga'
pangam
ba

la
ngit

ha
ngin

yu
ngib

lung
kot


bin
tang

pa
yong

ku
ting

hi
ling

hang
gang
ba
hay
ka
dala
wa
ga
bi
hi
nog
lang
may
na
ng
pa
ri
to
sa
an
ta
tay
wa
la
'
ya
ta'

B
K
D
G
H
L
M
N
NG
P
R
S
T
W
Y
b
in
bleed
k
in
karma
d
in
ladder
g
in
goal
h
in
hair
l
in
light
m
in
mother
n
in
never
ng
in
song
p
in
spit
r
in
water
s
in
set
t
in
still
w
in
well
y
in
yak
Syllables
C = consonant
V = vowel
(Practice)
V
CV
VC
CVC
ta
o
,

o
o
bu
kas
ak
yat
a
nak
,

ku
lang
tao
-o,
o
-o
bu
-kas
ak-
yat
a-
nak
,
ku
-lang
Prepared by: Carmela MS | tl.carmela.ph@gmail.com
Various sources

Where is it spoken?
Where is it spoken?
COMMON MISCONCEPTIONS
Practice time!
PART I: Background of the Language
Tagalog is the national language of the Philippines.
Tagalog is spoken as a first language in all of the Philippines.
The other Philippine languages -- Cebuano, Waray, Ilokano, Kapampangan, etc. are dialects.
Filipino, which is based on Tagalog, is designated as the national language of the Philippines. Filipino and English are the designated official languages.
Only one-third of the population of the Philippines speak Tagalog as a first language.
The Philippines has around 185 distinct languages.
PART 2: Alphabet + Pronunciation
Baybayin: OLD TAGALOG SCRIPT
Member of the Austronesian language family (related to Malay-Indonesian, Javanese, Malagasy, and Hawaiian)
From
taga-ilog
, meaning "river dweller"
Spoken in the Philippines and in other areas with significant Filipino diaspora
CHARACTERISTICS
A lot of words are derived from Spanish
There are no diacritical marks to aid in pronunciation
The glottal stop
Duplication of syllables
Wide use of English words
Complex system of affixes
TAGALOG or FILIPINO
The Modern Alphabet (1987)
kumusta, siyempre, oras
bababa

kain
,
k
um
ain
, pag
kain
, pinag
kain
an,
kain
in
TAGLISH
Taglish is widely used in Metro Manila and other parts of the country
PHILIPPINE ENGLISH
Based on American English
nars, kompyuter
tu
bo
vs.
tu
bo
suka vs. suka'
Prepared by:

Carmela
(tl.carmela.ph@gmail.com)
Full transcript