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Plastic Surgery: Does Plastic Make Perfect?

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by

Caroline Lett

on 24 April 2017

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Transcript of Plastic Surgery: Does Plastic Make Perfect?

Plastic Surgery: Does Plastic Make Perfect?
Statistics
Risks and Complications
Risks include:
New and/or worsened psychological issues
New and/or worsened physical conditions
Botched surgeries
Unsound medical advice
Counterarguement: When Plastic Surgery Matters Most
There are several occasions when the benefits of plastic surgery outweigh the risks.
In Conclusion
The increasing rate of plastic surgery is due to many factors including technology, media, celebrity culture, age appropriateness, a desire to look "normal", and competitive pricing within the industry.

The regulation of this industry is desperately needed in order to reverse growth
Why Is Plastic Surgery a Growing Trend?
The increased rate of plastic surgery is due to many factors including but not limited to:
Technology
Innovative machines and computers designed for body improvement
Air-brushing of images to make models/celebrities appear flawless
Creation of applications such as PhotoShop and Perfect365
In these situations reconstructive surgery is useful to help alleviate the immediate physical effects of abrasions or facial injuries, although structural rearrangement does not tend to deal with fear, shame or anxiety associated with them.
From Botox and liposuction to microdermabrasion, collagen fillers and mini-facelifts, the number of cosmetic surgery operations undertaken globally has recently soared.

1.7 million people had cosmetic surgery in 2001.
Ex: Facelifts, breast augmentations, and liposuction
In addition, 5.8 million patients underwent non-surgical procedures
Ex: Botox injections and chemical peels
The American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons reports that-
A Growing Trend
15.6 million cosmetic procedures, including both minimally invasive and surgical, were performed in the US in 2014.
This reflects a total of 12.9 billion dollars spent in that year alone
Technology
Media
Celebrity Culture
Age appropriateness
Desire to look "normal"
Competitive Pricing
Media/Television
Celebrity Culture
Age Appropriateness
Desire to Look "Normal"
Competitive Pricing
The large increase in plastic surgery raises growing concerns. Many risks and complications play a role in cosmetic surgery, creating a need to regulate the industry and reverse growth
New and/or Worsened Psychological Issues
New and/or Worsened Physical Conditions
Botched Surgeries
Unsound Medical Advice
Examples:
Birth Defects
(cleft palate)
Accidents
(burn victims, car wrecks)
Victims of Physical Abuse
(domestic violence)
In 2005, the Department of Healths Expert Group attempted to tighten up regulation of cosmetic surgery
Focused on improving surgeon's professional qualifications, education, and medical training
In addition, the Healthcare Advisory Service group was formed
Focused on significant areas for improvement and consumer safety
Even with these in place, we can still see that the market for plastic surgery is still expanding, and how information is presented in the media and on the internet will influence this expansion.
There should also be certain restraints on health providers in regard to the overselling of cosmetic procedures to vulnerable customers with unrealistically high expectations.
A health professional has a responsibility to provide accurate information about the options to someone considering plastic surgery
Realistic Goals
Put regulations in place
These could be anything from:
Pre-counseling for some clients
Exploring strategies to better educate patients on risks, benefits, and probable outcome of surgery
Psychological and physical evaluations before and after surgery
It is interesting to think about whether the value of beauty will decrease as it becomes something money can easily buy
I Want a Famous Face
Features seven individuals whose goal is to transform themselves to look exactly like their celebrity idols
The Swan
Features women who are deemed "ugly" by themselves and the show's "expert" counselors who provide them with a strict diet, exercise regimen, psychological counseling, and multiple surgical procedures.
Extreme Makeover
Includes both men and women undergoing multiple cosmetic surgeries for an "extreme makeover" in an attempt to satisfy their lives
Programs like these and the messages they convey should worry us. All three conform to narrow, stereotypical notions of what constitutes the "beautiful" female body.
Normalization of cosmetic surgery
Do not emphasize risks of general anesthesia and multiple surgical procedures or potential long term consequences
The overwhelming amount of attention we give to current celebrity culture is attributing widely to the cultural obsession with artificially enhanced beauty.
Relentless media scrutiny of celebrity bodies
Can be seen in gossip magazines, entertainment news, television, websites
Cultural standards for how we should look at 45 and 50 have changed radically in the last 20 years.
Cosmetic surgery has established a new norm, in which your outside appearance seems to be ageless as the body continues to grow older.
What would lead these individuals to persuade themselves they should look a certain way in order to be "normal"?
Objectification theory proposes that in Western society, women's experiences of having their bodies sexually objectified can lead women to "self-objectify by internalizing the observer's perspective on their body"
Women also want to look "normal" as a means of female rivalry in competition with another mate, beauty contests, etc.
Competitive pricing from cosmetic surgery companies has allowed surgery to become a realistic option for many more people.
People in the Western world have larger disposable incomes
Aggressive price-cutting and credit plans are offered to middle-class individuals seeking self-enhancement
Certain psychological issues lead many people to plastic surgery.
Body Dysmorphic Disorder
Depression due to low self-esteem
Eating disorders
People with these disorders tend to be attracted to cosmetic surgery as a means to correct what they perceive is wrong with them, which is often unsuccessful with the distorted view of their bodies.
Increased risk of suicide was connected to links between psychiatric disorder and patients seeking cosmetic surgery
Many physical conditions can develop or worsen due to cosmetic surgery
A few examples:
Persistent pain
Scarring
Skin discoloration
Nerve damage
Cardiac and pulmonary complications
Blood clots
Asymmetry of facial features
People tend to trust doctors and surgeons before looking into their background, which may lead to complications.

Plastic surgery is highly commercialized yet it should still be considered a form of serious medical treatment.
Growing concern of botched cosmetic operations in the media

Famous example: Denise Hendry, wife of football star Colin Hendry

Awarded compensation for her fatal injuries following liposuction.
Mrs.Hendry had a consultation with a non-medically qualified member of staff who did not explain fully the prodecural risks or alternative interventions
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