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American Revolution

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Madeline Wiltshire

on 11 February 2016

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Transcript of American Revolution

Monarch
Parliament
Governors
Colonial Legislatures
Town meetings, market towns, counties
Monarch
= KING!
relied on his advisers to set policies for the colonies but in theory ALL land belonged to him
Parliament
lawmaking body of England that had to approve the King's policies
Colonial Government Hierarchy
Governors
Although they were often considered incompetent, they
acted as the king’s chief representative in the colonies and could monitor colonial laws and legislatures
Colonial Legislature
each colony had a group of elected representatives who
made laws and levied taxes for the colony
Local Government
Town meetings, Market towns, Counties
where local laws, community problems and issues like property taxes were handled
How did Great Britain impose political and economic control over the colonies?
Economic
Political
Colonial Legislatures & Governors
King George III & Parliament
What problem do you see with this?
Why did England want to control the Colonies? Why can't they just let them be?
They wanted to remain a world power!!

**INSERT MANIACAL LAUGH**
The Colonies
The King of England
was accustomed to having his subjects do what he said they were to do and he now sees an opportunity to profit from the success of the colonies.
were used to doing as they pleased. The King was too far away to know what they were doing and in the past had left them alone.
If you are going to live in my house, (the British Empire) you are going to follow my rules! (British Laws)
You can’t tell us what to do! Your rules are unfair! You treat us like babies. We can take care of ourselves.
2. Great Britain taxed the colonies after the French and Indian War.
1. Great Britain imposed strict control over trade.
3. The colonies traded raw materials for goods made in Great Britain.
3. A colonial legislature made laws for each colony but was monitored by the colonial governor.
1. Colonists had to obey British laws, which were enforced by governors.
2. Colonial governors were appointed by the king or by the proprietor.
So whose in charge?
England!
The French & Indian War
http://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/ushistory/frenchandindianwar/
Why did many colonists become dissatisfied with Great Britain’s control over the colonies?
Sources of Colonial Dissatisfaction
1. Colonies had no representation in Parliament.
2. Some colonists resented power of colonial governors.
3. Great Britain wanted strict control over colonial legislatures.
4. Colonies opposed taxes.

5. The Proclamation of l763, which followed the French and Indian War, restricted the western movement of settlers.
Key Individuals of the American Revolution
King George III
British King during the Revolutionary War
Signed the Proclamation of 1763
Lord Cornwallis
British general who surrendered at Yorktown
John Adams
- Championed the cause of independence
- delegate to the First and Second Continental Congresses
George Washington
Commander of the Continental Army
Thomas Jefferson
Major author of the Declaration of Independence
Patrick Henry
Outspoken member of the House of Burgesses; inspired colonial patriotism with his Give me liberty or give me death speech
Benjamin Franklin
- helped gain French support for American independence
- Prominent member of the Continental Congress
- helped frame the Declaration of Independence
Phillis Wheatley
Enslaved African American who wrote poems and plays supporting American independence and who eventually gained her freedom
Paul Revere
Patriot who made a daring ride to warn colonists of British arrival
Key Events of the American Revolution
1770
1775
1774
Boston Massacre
Colonists in Boston were shot after taunting British soldiers.
1773
Boston Tea Party
Samuel Adams and Paul Revere led patriots in throwing tea into Boston Harbor to protest tea taxes.
First Continental Congress
Delegates from all colonies except Georgia met to discuss problems with Great Britain and to promote independence.
Battles of Lexington & Concord
The first armed conflicts of the Revolutionary War.
1776
July 4th
Approval of the Declaration of Independence at the Second Continental Congress
The colonies declared independence from Great Britain.
1777
Battle of Saratoga
This American victory was the turning point in the war.
1781
Surrender at Yorktown
This was the colonial victory over forces of Lord Cornwallis that marked the end of the Revolutionary War.
1783
Treaty of Paris
Great Britian recognizes American Independence in this treaty.
The Declaration of Indepence
Key Philosophies
Key philosophies in the Declaration of Independence were based upon ideas first expressed by European philosophers.
1. People have certain unalienable rights (rights that cannot be taken away)—to life, liberty, the pursuit of happiness.

2. People establish government to protect those rights.

3. Government derives power from the people.

4. People have a right and a duty to change a government that violates their rights.

http://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/ushistory/declarationofindependence/preview.weml
What advantages helped the American colonists win the Revolutionary War?
1. Fighting in defense of their own land, principles, and beliefs

2. Additional support from France & Spain


3. Strong leadership
Believed in what they were fighting for.
French money, munitions, soldiers and naval forces proved essential to American victory.
George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Paul Revere
Full transcript