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Tone, Mood, Diction, and Syntax

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by

Tara OCon

on 26 February 2016

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Transcript of Tone, Mood, Diction, and Syntax

Tone, Mood, Diction, and Syntax
Tone- is the expression of the AUTHOR’S attitude towards the subject they are writing about.
Tone and mood are often confused. They are not the same thing, but they do overlap!
Diction- A speaker’s choice of words. Analysis of diction looks at these choices and what they add to the speaker’s message.
The words and the arrangements of words can affect the tone and the mood created.
Let's take a closer look at tone.
To remember this definition: THINK
t
one starts with the letter "T" and au
t
hor and poe
t
both have the letter "T" in them. A
tt
i
t
ude also has three Ts!
Mood- the effect of the author’s words and tone towards the READER. It is the feeling that the author sets to create for the READER.
To remember this definition: THINK
m
ood starts with the letter "M" and so does "
m
e." Therefore, MOOD=ME
If someone asks you, what kind of mood you are in, they are asking about YOUR feelings.
Syntax- The arrangement of words into phrases, clauses, and sentences. This includes word order (subject-verb-object, for instance, or an inverted structure); the length and structure of sentences (simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex).
To remember this definition: THINK diction is the root of the word dictionary, and the dictionary is full of words!
Let's take a look at some examples of how these rhetorical devices can affect certain "texts."
Think about how in visual texts, the "authors" make their tone evident which in return affects the mood.
First, let's think about the conscious rhetorical devices Disney creators use to create an intended mood.
What feelings are created for the audience?
What decisions did the creators of the trailor make to obtain their desired mood?
Now, let's see what happens when some of these rhetorical devices change. Now, how has the mood changed as a result?
One more example:
What has changed in the next trailor?
Tone is something that often has to be inferred. As readers, you can recognize the tone/author’s attitude through the words that the author uses. The author’s language will reveal his or her perspective or opinion. The reader can work to determine whether their opinion about the subject is positive or negative through the use of descriptive words.
What is the purpose of the PSA and how does the tone help develop the purpose?
How is the tone of the PSA a bit different, yet how the same purpose?
The tone is compassionate and serious. How is this developed?
The tone is humorous, yet also compassionate. How is this developed?
What mood is created in the poem "The Rainy Day" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow? How does the diction and syntax affect the mood?
The day is cold, and dark, and dreary;
It rains, and the wind is never weary;
The vine still clings to the mouldering wall,
But at every gust the dead leaves fall,
And the day is dark and dreary.

My life is cold, and dark, and dreary;
It rains, and the wind is never weary;
My thoughts still cling to the mouldering Past,
But the hopes of youth fall thick in the blast,
And the days are dark and dreary.

Be still, sad heart! and cease repining;
Behind the clouds is the sun still shining;
Thy fate is the common fate of all,
Into each life some rain must fall,
Some days must be dark and dreary.
How does the mood at the end of the poem change and why?
What mood is created through the song "Happy" by Pharrell Williams and what helps create the mood?
It might seem crazy what I'm about to say
Sunshine she's here, you can take a break
I'm a hot air balloon that could go to space
With the air, like I don't care baby by the way
Because I'm happy
Clap along if you feel like a room without a roof
Because I'm happy
Clap along if you feel like happiness is the truth
Because I'm happy
Clap along if you know what happiness is to you
Because I'm happy
Clap along if you feel like that's what you wanna do
Here come bad news talking this and that, yeah,
Well, give me all you got, and don't hold it back, yeah,
Well, I should probably warn you I'll be just fine, yeah,
No offense to you, don't waste your time
Here's why
Because I'm happy
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