Transcript of A Timeline of Christianity
A timeline of the important events in Christianity up to the Protestant Reformation. A Timeline of Christianity Approximately 4 BC Jesus was born Jesus was born in Bethlehem. He started preaching his beliefs to a small village near the Sea of Galilee around age 30. He taught Jewish traditions such as the belief in one God and the ten commandments. However he called himself the "son of God," the long awaited messiah. He proclaimed that he would bring eternal life and spiritual salvation to any who believed in him. He recruited 12 of his disciples to be apostles that would help him on his mission of spreading his new religion of Christianity. Between 30 and 33 AD Jesus Died Jesus traveled to Jerusalem to preach his beliefs. He was betrayed by one of his disciples and then arrested by Romans who thought his speeches could incite rebellion against Roman rule. After arrest Jesus was condemned to death by crucifixion. According to the Christian Gospels Jesus arose from the dead two days later and ascended into heaven after instructing his disciples to spread his teachings. Approximately 34 AD Paul gets a vision of Jesus A Christian painting of Jesus's ascent into heaven. According to the Christian Bible a man named Saul got a vision of Jesus soon after Jesus's death. He was a Jewish man who had in the past persecuted Christians. But after his vision he converted to Christianity and started spreading the religion to non-Jews as well as Jews. He traveled around the Mediterranean setting up churches and writing letters explaining the teachings of Christianity. These teachings of love, equality, and dignity appealed to many people. But as the religion grew Romans persecuted Christians severely for their beliefs. AD 313 In 313 Emperor Constantine issued the Edict of Milan decreeing freedom of worship to everyone in the Roman Empire, including Christians. By the end of the century Christianity was made the official religion of Rome. Soon after this a hierarchy developed within the Church with the pope at the top, bishops below him, and the preist and clergy of each individual church below the bishops. AD 597 Britain is converted The Anglo-Saxons of England were converted to Christianity by the Pope Gregory I. From England, missionaries were sent back to convert the rest of Western Europe, so that by the late Middle Ages Western Europe was a Christian civilization. AD 600s Papal States Created Throughout the Middle Ages the Church and the Pope came to have high secular as well as religious power. The gaining of the papal states, huge areas of land owned and controlled by the Pope, was one of the first steps towards this power. But beyond that, the Pope was the one who administered the sacraments and approved Christian burials. By threatening to take these things away from a ruler's entire kingdom, an act called interdict, the Pope could control the secular leaders entirely. These leaders would almost always rather give in to the demands of the Church than condemn their citizens to eternal life in Hell, as they believed would happen if they had an unchristian burial or weren't administered the sacraments. AD 1073 Election of Pope Gregory VIII and his creation of reform Up until this point corruption in the Church had been steadily growing. Though pushes for reform were made in the 900s this was the first major successful reformation. Gregory decided to limit secular influence in the Church. He insisted that all Church officials be chosen by the Church alone. He also prohibited simony and marriage for priests. Other pushes for reform brought back the ideals of poverty, obedience, and chastity in convents and monasteries and more direct influence from the Pope. (As according to Christian Gospels) As according to Christian Gospels. As according to Christian Gospels. AD 1198 Pope Innocent III took office. During his papacy Innocent claimed supremacy over all other rulers, naming the pope second only to God. He launched a crusade against the Albigensians in southern France who the Church viewed as heretics. He also increased papal power in the Church itself. Over all the Church reached it's peak under his rule in the 1200s. AD 1054 The Great Schism Dissent grew between the Christian church in the Byzantine empire and the European Catholic Church. Many controversies between the two, such as the use of idols in churches, built up to a schism between western and eastern Christianity known as the Great Schism. The Byzantine church became known as the Eastern (or Greek) Orthodox Church and the western branch became known as the Roman Catholic Church. The two treated each other like rivals. AD 1300s Attempts at reformation In England at this time a man named John Wycliffe systematically campaigned against the Church, trying to bring reform to the beginning corruption of the Church. Forty years later Jan Hus led a similar reform movement, but was executed. While both of these reforms ultimately failed they were the first planted ideas of what eventually became the Protestant Reformation. AD 1517 Protestant Reformation begins The protests that had been building against Church corruption, such as the selling of indulgences and the worldly apparent greediness of the Pope, erupted into revolt. A man named Martin Luther had been growing tired of these Church abuses for some time. In 1517 a priest on the outskirts of Wittenberg, in Germany, offered indulgences to people who donated money to the church, promising entry into heaven for both the donors and their dead relatives. This act, an act meaning that poor peasants couldn't get into heaven, incited Luther's anger once and for all. He wrote 95 Theses against indulgences which he may have posted on the door of Wittenberg's church. These spread across Europe practically overnight: the Protestant Reformation had begun. AD 1521 Luther gets excommunicated and the Protestant Reformation peaks. Once Luther's 95 Theses spread like wildfire the Church asked him to give up his views. Luther refused and developed even more radical doctrines. He urged Christians to reject the authority of the Pope and Rome. In 1521 Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther. Later that year Luther was summoned to an assembly of German princes where he was once again ordered to give up his views and Martin Luther once again refused. He was declared an outlaw by the Pope, which only incited Luther's followers to renounce the authority of the pope and join their new sect of Christianity called Lutheranism. As the printing press spread Lutheran ideas the sect became known as Protestant, for those who protested papal authority. Many people converted because the Protestant reformation seemed like the solution to Church corruption. Some rulers adopted it in order to throw off the rule of the Church, to seize Church property, and from feelings of national loyalty. And so we conclude our brief history of Christianity up until around 1600. I hope you have enjoyed my presentation and feel more educated on the history of our planet's most popular religion. AD 1530s and 1540s The Catholic Counter-Reformation As the Protestant Reformation took hold in northern Europe, it was met by a strong reform movement in the Catholic Church. This movement was led by Pope Paul III and is called the Catholic Reformation or Counter-Reformation. For the entire century the pope, his appointed reformers, and their successors set out to revive the moral authority of the Church and end corruption in the papacy. By 1600 many Protestant converts had come back to Catholicism and the majority of Europeans were once again Catholic, as they had been for hundreds of years. However, religious conflict between the Protestant religion and Catholicism continue to this day. Emberson, Iain. "Timeline of Christian History."Full transcript
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