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Hannah Xue

on 11 March 2015

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Transcript of Science

English naturalist and geologist
came from a long line of scientists
theory of evolution
Creationism became questionable
DNA studies reealed evidence of his theory
HMS Beagle expedition
developed theory of evolution
natural selection: survival of the fittest
The Origins of Species
Who Was He?
Who Was He?
Russian chemist and inventor
formulated Periodic law, created own version of the Periodic table
used it to correct the properties of some already discovered elements
also used it to predict the properties of eight elements yet to be discovered
Periodic Table
main major development was that he classified the elements in order of relative atomic mass
realized that the physical and chemical properties of elements were related to their atomic mass in a 'periodic' way
arranged elements so that groups of elements with similar properties fell into vertical columns in his table
Her work led to discovery of polonium, radium, and X-rays
She found that the uranium rays came from the element’s atomic structure which led to the atomic physics field and radioactivity
Dmitri Mendeleev
Marie Curie
What did he do?
How He Influenced the World

Thomas Edison and Henry Ford
Her and her husband worked collectively on radioactivity and discovered 2 elements - radium and polonium
First woman to win a Nobel Prize
Only woman to win the award in 2 different fields
In 1955 her and her husband’s bodies were buried in the Pantheon in Paris.
Florence Nightingale
About her
What did she do?
She was asked to organize corps of nurses to tend to the sick soldiers in Crimea
She would constantly be caring for the soldiers, improving services to improve the
of their stay
By 38 years old, she was bedridden for the rest of her life but did her work from her bed
She was confronted for advice during the US Civil War and for general sanitation issues in India
She founded St Thomas’ Hospital in 1860 and the Nightingale Training School for Nurses
Inventor of the
lightbulb, phonograph,
and kinetoscope
Died one of the most respected inventors in the world
Henry Ford
Invented the assembly line mode of production
Manufactured the first affordable vehicle that was accessible to the average citizen
Nobel Price in 1911 for chemistry to honor her discovery of polonium and radium
Nobel Prize in 1903 for physics
She died in 1934 of aplastic anemia
Her family came from an elite social class
She was a philanthropist from a young age
She became a nursing student at a college in Germany in 1844
Sigmund Freud
Who Was He?
Austrian neurologist, now known as the father of psychoanalysis
developed therapeutic techniques (free association)
discovered transference
redefinition of sexuality to include its infantile forms led him come up with the Oedipus complex as the central tenet of psychoanalytical theory
Id, ego, and super-ego
dates back ages
people thought disease was caused by God
states the some diseases are caused by micro organisms
Pasteur, Lister, Koch
Germ Theory
psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst
human psyche could be divided into three parts: Id, ego and super-ego
Oedipus Complex


The Lightbulb
Before After
Gas lamps were the predominant form of lighting.
The lightbulb catalyzed a major population shift and accelerated the economy
The Kinetoscope
Before After
No invention that could record moving images existed.
Signified the start of America's extremely profitable cinema industry.
The Model T
Before After
Cars were considered a luxury and not within reach of the average citizen.
Cheap cost and ease of driving made the Model T accessible to middle class people.
The Assembly Line
Car parts were custom made and painstakingly fitted one by one.
Production costs and time both decreased dramatically, which increased profits.
Question 1
Question 2
Which element of the 19th century Industrial Revolution was the most useful?
Question 3
What prompted the Industrial Revolution? Why did it happen?
How did this change the life for people of different social statures?
Full transcript