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CA6 Part C
Transcript of CA6 Part C
All will learn how to make a judgement on representations using one or two criteria (C)
Most will learn how to make a judgement, justify it and support it using two or more criteria and contextual knowledge (B)
Some will learn how to make a judgement, justify, and support it using three criteria or more and contextual knowledge (A-A*)
What does the representation say about the outcomes of Civil Rights?
How complete is it?
How accurate is it?
How objective is it?
From your own knowledge what would you choose to add context?
So now all you have to do is...
So now we have three representations
You are asked to choose which one is the best representation of the outcomes of peaceful Civil Rights protest in the USA 1945-70
You must refer to all three representations and use your own knowledge
You must explain your choice
You don't need to describe the content, analyse reliability or say what we can learn from it
You do need to focus on the accuracy, completeness, objectivity and focus of the portrayal
Use contextual knowledge to comment on accuracy - It is perfectly possible for a representation to be accurate in some ways but not others
Is the representation complete? Does it give us the whole story about peaceful protest and Civil Rights? Again contextual knowledge is crucial
Is it objective - does it reflect the times accurately
Is a focused/in-depth representation better than an overall impression?
What can we learn here?
Was this effective?
What can we learn here?
What does this tell us?
Does this tell us anything?
What does this tell us about effectiveness?
Accurate? Complete? Objective? Purpose?
Accurate? Complete? Objective?
Fadake, Betelhem, Ellie, Olivia, Audrey, Shelby, Hajah, Shannon
Analyse the representations and choose the one which you think is the best representation of the outcomes of peaceful civil rights protest in the USA.
In 1964, Martin Luther King won the Nobel Peace Prize. The third Monday in January in America is Martin Luther King Day, a national holiday.
White violence forced the US government to step in to give black people their rights:
The Civil Rights Act (1964) outlawed segregation in schools, public places and jobs.
The Voting Rights Act (1965) made it illegal to do anything that might limit the number of people able to vote. Some states had used a literacy test to try and prevent black people from voting as many black people had limited access to education.
The Fair Housing Act (1968) banned discrimination in housing.
In 2008, a black American, Barack Obama, became President of the United States.
Civil rights did not give black Americans prosperity or jobs. Black Americans – particularly in the 'black ghettos' in the towns – remained poor and angry.
As a result, more extreme black leaders such as Malcolm X, and more radical groups such as the Black Panthers, were set up – black protests in the 1970s became more violent.
Martin Luther King was assassinated in 1968.
Black poverty, and violence and discrimination against black people, continues.
Race relations in America today
Racial tensions and problems remain. Poverty, unemployment, family breakdown, and continuing segregation have bred feelings of despair among a younger generation. A million blacks are in jail - half the total prison population. Some young members of black society turn to crime; many turn to drugs. Just as in the 1960s, police brutality - as vividly demonstrated by the beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles in 1992 - still sometimes sparks rioting. After 1970, however, white Americans became tired of hearing about the complaints of black Americans.
Despite these disappointments, the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 60s achieved some impressive results. In the South, blacks gained the right to vote, and they now routinely elect mayors and Congressmen. Schools are no longer segregated by law. Toilets and waiting-room are no longer disfigured by 'white' and 'coloured' signs. Everywhere, blacks have gained access to jobs that were previously closed to them; the black middle-class has grown in size and wealth, and blacks have reached positions of power and influence that would have been unthinkable 40 years ago.
US Secretary of State, Colin Powell
Clarence Thomas sits on the Supreme Court; Colin Powell is Secretary of State; media superstar Oprah Winfrey is a billionaire. It is important to remember, though, that Martin Luther King's dream was never about creating a black élite: he was more interested in curing poverty and injustice - whatever the colour of the person affected. Judged by that goal, America still has a long way to go.