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Nativism/Ku Klux Klan
Transcript of Nativism/Ku Klux Klan
Nativism/Ku Klux Klan The nativist movement was a movement of American unity toward any foreign people or customs. Nativism had been around long before WWI, beginning with the creation of the Know-Nothing Party, a party created in the 1850's after individuals felt American values were being threatened by immigrants, such as the Irish or Germans. After the end of WWI, Nativism increased, for there was a nationwide fear of communism taking over the government, called the "Red Scare." The Red Scare was caused by the high number of immigrants from autocratic and communist countries that were entering the US. American fear against socialism and foreign invasion of the American government was heightened when, in the summer of 1919, a total of 38 mail bombs were sent to prominent members of the government. This summer became known as the "The Red Summer", for the source of these mail bombs lead to anarchist and socialist terrorists. One of these bombs was even directed at the US Attorney General's Home. In 1919, two Italian men were tried for a case of murder. They were found guilty, although the court had no solid evidence. The two men were convicted by Webster Thayer, a judge known to be biased against immigrants, socialists and radicals. Sacco and Vanzetti were excuted in 1927. Many people believed that Sacco and Vanzetti were doomed since the trial began for their nationality. The Ku Klux Klan was first created in 1865 by six Confederate veterans, but later fell from power and was reformed in 1917. In 1921 it adopted a modern business system of recruiting members. the KKK's main concern was the threat of the Catholic Church, thus appealing mainly to white male Protestants. At it's peak in the 1920s the KKK held about 4-5 million male members. "KU KLUX KLAN | The Handbook of Texas Online| Texas State Historical Association (TSHA)." Texas State Historical Association (TSHA) | A Digital Gateway to Texas History. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/vek02.
Latin American Studies. http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/20-century/KKK-Pope.jpg.
"Nativism 1920's." Nativism 1920's. http://native770.tripod.com/index.html.
"Sacco and Vanzetti." Nativism 1920's. http://native770.tripod.com/id10.html.
"The Red Scare." Nativism 1920's. http://native770.tripod.com/id9.html. APUSH 4th Period Mrs. Molina The Red Scare and all its factors accumulated to one thing, the Palmer Raids; a series of raids on homes of suspected communists and socialists, started by US Attorney General, Alexander M. Palmer. Grand Dragon David Stephenson The KKK began in 1865 in Pulaski, Tennessee, origin of the name probably Greek, from the word kuklos, which means circle, suggesting a band of brothers. There were two other KKK groups the second being the most prominent ending in the 1940s, and the third which began in the 1950s which is alive today making it the longest surviving KKK group in history. The government was also against immigration, which led to the passing of the Quota Act of 1921, which stated that only 3% of foreign born immigrants could come from any specific country. Also, the Immigration Act of 1924 was passed to prevent any further immigrants from coming to America.