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CONCRETE

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on 13 November 2012

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Transcript of CONCRETE

WHAT IS CONCRETE?
BRIEF HISTORY
CONCRETE IN ARCHITECTURE
TILT UP CONCRETE
RONCHAMP CONSTRUCTION
CONCRETE FLOORING
CONCRETE IN INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE Highlights What is Concrete? Concrete in Construction & Interior Design Material: Concrete Concrete is the universal material of construction.
It is the second most widely used material on Earth.
Q: What is the first?

Concrete does not burn or rot.
It is low in cost.
Can be used for every building purpose:
sidewalks, foundations, facade, interior space History Romans were the first to use concrete in construction

Concrete construction was lost after the fall of the Roman Empire and later picked up in
18th Century

Joseph Aspdin invented Portland cement Colosseum in Rome, Italy made of concrete and stone Rocklike material produced by mixing coarse and fine aggregates, portland cement and water What's in it? coarse aggregate: gravel or crushed stone
fine aggregate: sand
portland cement: a fine grey powder Eight types of concrete, specified to work in various conditions. During curing/hardening of concrete, the cement and water create a chemical reaction where strong crystals formed which bind the aggregates together. Concrete is considered cured after how many days? Concrete in Architecture Reinforced Concrete Space Pavilion in Londen, UK made of Fiberglass reinforced concrete aka Fiber C Textile Concrete low weight and thickness with excellent surface quality and high load bearing capacity
its replacing steel reinforced concrete
doesn't need any protection against corrosion Fibre Optic Concrete Fiber optic tubes embedded in concrete to create "transparent concrete" CONCRETE FINISHES + adding design Tilt Up Concrete has been in use since the turn of the century Benefits lower operating costs
architectural aesthetics
durability Disadvantages Lifting panels requires specialized equipment and third party engineering to calculate the lifting loads roof connections require third party trades for chemical anchor bolts How It Works project begins with job site preparation and pourint the slab
assemby of the panel forms on the slab
workers tie in the steel grid of reinforcing bars into the form
tilt up process THE RONCHAMP CHAPEL By Le Corbusier Le Corbusier Charles Edouard Jeanneret
His Architecture is known for being built with steel and reinforced concrete, in geometric forms Site and Context Location: community of Ronchamp, slightly south-east of Paris The Structure structural columns are made of concrete
the columns help to form the walls and support the roof The Walls the exterior walls are 4'-12' thick and form the base that supports the roof
the walls are sprayed with an untreated concrete
the walls act as structural elements and acoustic amplifiers The Roof One of the most interesting features of the Chapel is the roof
The hidden columns create a gap between the wall and roof that appears to make the roof hover over the building
The interior of the roof is unfinished grey concrete Interior The floor is sloped and leads to the alter The South Facade The South Facade has a series of stain glass windows that punctuate the thick walls The East Facade An outdoor chapel is located on the east facade West Facade A rain spot sends water into a sculptural basin made of concrete Impact The Ronchamp chapel shows how concrete can be used for different applications in architecture and design
Concrete can be used to form almost sculptural works of art in Architecture Concrete Flooring Benefits of Concrete Flooring Customizable Look
Durability
Eco-Friendly
Reduces Allergens
Cost-Effective 8 Reasons why concrete floors are Environmentally Friendly can be made with waste byproducts
can be incorporate recycled products
can optimize radient heat transfer
work great with passive solar designs
one of the most durable materials on earth
a healthy alternative for those with allergies
won't support the growth of toxic mold
help maintain clean air Finish Options Staining
Dyes and other topical colours
Stenciling
Polishing
Adding dazzle with matallic coatings Concrete Floors faq Are concrete floors cold?
Are concrete floors loud and hard on the feet?
Are decorative concrete floors expensive?
Is decorative concrete maintenance free?
How long do they last? Sources ktstudiokt.net/KT_Studio_KT/3356SP07_President_Research_files/presentation_1.pdf
www.fondationlecorbusier.fr/corbuweb/morpheus.aspx?sysId=13&IrisObjectId=5147&sysLanguage=en-en&itemPos=13&itemSort=en-en_sort_string1%20&itemCount=78&sysParentName=&sysParentId=64
www.fondationlecorbusier.fr/corbuweb/morpheus.aspx?sysId=13&IrisObjectId=5147&sysLanguage=en-en&itemPos=13&itemSort=en-en_sort_string1%20&itemCount=78&sysParentName=&sysParentId=64
http://www.coker.edu/static/art/384/le_cor_busier/chapel_details.html
http://www.biography.com/people/le-corbusier-9376609?page=2
http://www.mimoa.eu/projects/France/Ronchamp/Chapel%20of%20Notre%20Dame%20du%20Haut
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Notre_Dame_du_Haut
www.architectural-review.com/archive/1956-march-le-corbusiers-chapel-and-the-crisis-of-rationalism-ronchamp-france/8613151.article
http://blog.rhino3d.com/2009/04/ronchamp-roof-analysis-and-modeling.html
http://le-corbusier.mr926.me
http://securityproducts3.hubpages.com/hub/Physical-Considerations-in-The-Chapel-at-Ronchamp
http://www.iaacblog.com/digitalfabrication/2010/10/23/assignment-1-case-study-n-1/
http://www.springerlink.com/content/8020r662j7148684/fulltext.pdf
http://www.architonic.com/ntsht/concrete-in-architecture-1-a-material-both-stigmatised-and-celebrated/7000525
http://www.architonic.com/ntsht/pattern-concrete/7000066
http://www.designboom.com/design/grupo-bondi-m-bench-at-dmy-berlin-2011/
http://www.fopple.com/modern-ornamental-wall-texturing-design-by-urbanproduct/#more-10958http://www.homedesignhome.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/Concrete-Home-in-Mukouyama-Wooden-Floor.jpg
http://askthedecorator.com/Concrete_Countertops.shtml
http://realestate.msn.com/slideshow.aspx?cp-documentid=13108141#9
http://media.merchantcircle.com/25911860/PICT0053_medium.jpeg CONCRETE Concrete in
Interior Spaces PROS Walls Pick your pigment

Build a Melamine Form

Weigh the Pigment

Measure the Sand

Mix the Ingredients Presented to you by
Amie Meyers, Andrea Mora, Cassandra Legiehn, Natasha Matejin, Walaa Al-Shehri CONS MUST be sealed
Expensive Process Easy to clean
Do not crack
Do not stain
Heat resistant
Formed into any shape
Easy to repair
Very durable Decoration with concrete Precast vs. Poured onsite Environmental impact Overview
Full transcript