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Myanmar(Burma) Uprising

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Madeline Tuai

on 11 October 2012

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Transcript of Myanmar(Burma) Uprising

Ben Kanda, Lillian Luong, Madeline Tuai Myanmar(Burma) Independence Movement History Conflict The current conflict in the Union of Myanmar is confusing and very disheartening. Originally, the British had rule over Burma and the Burmese people could do nothing about it until World War 2. During World War 2, the Japanese pretended to help the Burmese gain independence but really they were trying to take control over their government.

The Burmese people hated Japanese rule even more than British rule so in protest, the Burmese formed the Anti-Fascist People’s Freedom League. The Burmese finally stood up for themselves and without help drove the Japanese out of Burma. After, the Burmese let the British regain power in 1945 but the AFPFL challenged British control. The British needed the support of the AFPFL so the British named the President of the AFPFL, Aung San, Prime Minister of Burma. Unfortunately, Aung San was assassinated in 1947 before independence came. In Aung San’s absence, U Nu, the vice president of the AFPFL, became the new Prime Minister.

The AFPFL faced many problems even though they won elections in 1951 and 1956. However, communists and rebel ethnic groups still fought with the government. International Community Future Outcomes A nominally civilian government led by President Thein Sein - who served as a general and then prime minister under the junta - was installed in March 2011. Map Course of
Independence Movement Capital: Naypyidaw
Largest City: Yangon (Rangoon)
Official Language: Burmese
Area: 676,578 km2
Population: 47.37 million The first people to live there were called the Mon
shared a culture with the Khmer, a people who lived in what is now Cambodia.
5 different groups kept their own culture: Burmans, Chin, Kachin, Karen, and Shan
Burman ruler named Anawrahta united the region and founded a kingdom that lasted nearly 250 years.
Pagan was reclaimed for the Mon during a rebellion in 1752
After 3rd war, Burma became part of India under British Rule, Burma’s economy rocketed and population grew rapidly The new political climate has invited more foreign technical experts to bring the country up to international standards. 1920: Burmese people were allowed small parts of Government
1930: Saya San led thousands of peasants to an unsuccessful rebellion
1937: Burma separated from India, given partial self government
1942: Japan conquers Burma, Thakins formed Burma Independence Army, with Japanese help, kicked U.K out of Burma
1943: Japanese declared Burma independent when in reality, the Japanese controlled the Government. 1947: AFPFL President, Aung San, was to be named prime minister of Burma, but he was assassinated before independence came. U Nu, who had been vice president of the AFPFL, became the party's president, and the British appointed him prime minister. Burma won full independence on Jan. 4, 1948. July, 1962: Ne Win founded Burma Socialist Program (BSPP). Until 1988, BSPP was only party allowed in Burma, took strict control over economy, For several years thereafter, farm production fell, and consumer goods disappeared into the black market. The government rejected most foreign aid and restricted visits by foreign reporters and tourists. Now is a crucial time for Myanmar’s ethnic minority populations. Ignoring their plight for fear of disrupting reforms will only stifle development and democracy in the long run. 1991: Aung San Suu Kyi won 1991 Nobel Peace Prize for her nonviolent struggle for democracy and human rights. The SLORC freed her from house arrest in 1995. On the verge of civil war, U Nu asked the general of the army, Ne Win, to take over the government and restore order which he did. At the next elections, U Nu again gained power and again, couldn’t control ethnic conflicts. In response, Ne Win took over the government by force.

Ne Win took over the economy in order to save it but instead it crashed. He restricted foreign aid and prohibited foreign air travel. Strikes were ended from army gunfire. Whoever protested against the government were killed. When multiparty elections were finally allowed, the National League for Democracy won a majority. This infuriated the BSPP (Burma Socialist Programme Party, or military party) so in response they, again by force, took over the government and placed the leader of the NLD, Aung San Suu Kyi, under house arrest.

This brought Burma right back to where they started, without democracy and independence. The military have regained control over the government and put the Union of Myanmar in a deep, dark stage. A Burmese opposition politician and chairperson of the National League for Democracy (NLD) in Burma.
She had been detained under house arrest before the elections. She remained under house arrest in Burma for almost 15 years from 20 July 1989 until her most recent release on 13 November 2010, becoming one of the world's most prominent political prisoners Aung San Suu Kyi
The United Nations criticize Myanmar for their slow growth, slow responses to disasters, rejecting foreign aid, violating human rights, failure to cooperate with the NLD (National League for Democracy), and many other problems.

The Task Force believes that a comprehensive U.S. approach— taken in concert with regional and international partners —provides the best hope for bringing Myanmar into the world community.

Myanmar has embarked on an ambitious program of sweeping reforms to end its isolation and integrate its economy with the global system.

It is crucial that the international community continue its support of the UN and its involvement in the country, in order to improve the current situation in Burma/Myanmar. Born June 19, 1945
Both of her parents held a political position; her father was Aung San, leader of Burma’s independence movement but was assassinated in 1947.
Her mother was Daw Khin Kyi, an ambassador to India for Burma. Bibliography History - Englehart, Neil A. "Myanmar." World Book Student. World Book, 2012. Web. 1 Oct. 2012.
Aung San Suu Kyi - Englehart, Neil A. "Aung San Suu Kyi." World Book Student. World Book, 2012. Web. 10 Oct. 2012.
Myanmar Map - Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. "HRW World Map Myanmar." Map. Mapquest. N.p.: n.p., 2006. N. pag. Print.
Myanmar Flag- Palatino, Mong. Myanmar Flag. Digital image. Global Voices. N.p., 26 Oct. 2010. Web. 10 Oct. 2012.
Aung San - Aung San. N.d. Photograph. San Oo Aung's Weblog. Wordpress, 21 June 2009. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. Intervention In order to function, the military government needed money. Their money is mostly from the export of goods so trading countries should have cut off business with Myanmar.
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