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Transcript of Thomas Jefferson
$15 million$ in 1803
His Secretary of State
James Madison was appointed Secretary of State by Thomas Jefferson, on March 5, 1801.
He entered duty on May 2, 1801 and served until March 3, 1809
The only Secretary of State to go on and serve two terms as president.
His first term was in 1809, after serving as Secretary of State
As Secretary of State, he worked well with President Thomas Jefferson
They cooperated closely and kept control over key decisions
They negotiated with France, which led to the Louisiana Purchase of 1803.
Lewis & Clark Expedition
Marbury v. Madison
By:Thomas Roger, Mark Reyna , Kirsten Kunard, Jennifer Montalvo
The Election of 1800 was an election between the federalist John Adams and democratic-republican, Thomas Jefferson.
The Louisiana Purchase (1803) was a land deal between the United States and France.
In which the U.S. gain about 827,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River for $15 million dollars.
France was willing to sell the land because they were in a lot of debt after having the French and English war.
Jefferson was interested in the Louisiana territory, because of the major port of New Orleans which had one of the largest population in the Americas at this time.
John Adams and the Federalists
Rule by the wealthy class
Strong Federal government
Emphasis on manufacturing
Loose Interpretation of the Constitution
Thomas Jefferson and The Democratic-Republicans
Rule by the people
Strong state government
Emphasis on agriculture
Strict interpretation of the Constitution
Jefferson won over Adams in the election of 1800, 73 to 65. An unexpected win in South Carolina which was a federalist stronghold definitely helped the Republicans. All 73 electors voted for both Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr, who the party picked to be vice president. This means that the election results ended in a tie between Jefferson and Burr. The House of Representatives now had to choose the President. Aaron Burr refused to pull out of the race even though the party chose Jefferson to be president. Federalists tried to promote Burr because they did not want Jefferson to win. After 36 ballots, Jefferson became president and Burr was vice president.
To find a route across the continent (North West Passage)
Detailed observations of resources and geography to the west
Make good relations with the natives
-the power of federal courts to void acts of Congress in conflict with the Constitution.
First Supreme Court Case to use the principle of Judicial Review
Chief Justice John Marshall making the decision that impacted and helped the Supreme Court become a seperate branch of government.
Towards the last days of Adams presidency, he appointed many justices of peace for the district of columbia who's commissions were going to be signed by the president. The commissions were not delivered by Adams and when Jefferson took office he told his secretary of state, James Madison, not to deliver them. William Marbury, one of the appointees decided to petition the Supreme court for a writ of mandamus, and wanted an explanation or cause from Madison for not receiving his commission.
The effect on trade
The neutrality of the United States was tested during the Napoleonic Wars. Both Britain and France imposed trade restrictions in order to weaken each others' economies.
French and British people would attack the U.S. ships to steal the merchandize aboard since each country were trying ruin the economy of the other country which was also screwing up the U.S.'s economy and this made the U.S. really mad since they were losing a lot of money.
So in response to that Thomas Jefferson signed the embargo act, which stopped all trade to any country.
The Election of 1800
This act was not very successful, because the U.S. lost millions of dollars because they were not able to trade with other countries.
Before the act the average profit for the U.S. from trade was about 140 million, but after the act in took a huge decrease to only 22 million.
This drop cause very high unemployment leaving sailor, framers, and harbor people without a job.
This act only lasted 2 years, because of the huge unpopularity of this act.
Jefferson's Vice Presidency
Thomas Jefferson was the vice president to John Adams which was a big deal since they were in two different political parties.
Republican electors, attempting to name both a President and a Vice President from their own party, cast a tie vote between Jefferson and Aaron Burr. The House of Representatives settled the tie. Hamilton, disliking both Jefferson and Burr, nevertheless urged Jefferson's election.
This was The first time The President and Vice President were from two different parties which paved a role into our nations history.
After John Adams Presidency, Jefferson decided to run against him when he was trying to go for his 2nd term. Jefferson ended up winning the election become the third president of the U.S.
Pros. and Cons. of Adams and Jefferson being in different political parties.
There was fair representation in the Executive branch
They hear both sides of the argument before deciding on a law.
No party had more power in law making.
There was fighting about the decisions made.
One parties would go behind the others back to get what there party wanted.