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COMM 301 (Fa '15) T01 - What is Intercultural Communication
Transcript of COMM 301 (Fa '15) T01 - What is Intercultural Communication
James Downs said, "One of the greatest stumbling blocks to understanding other peoples within or without a particular culture is the tendency to judge others’ behavior by our own standards."
The Monkey and the Fish
Sources and Image Credit
Adopted key thoughts from introduction and chapter one of our textbook
Effective Intercultural Communication.
(A Eastern Parable)
Preparation for a ministry outside our own cultural context
A typhoon stranded a monkey on an island. In a protected place on the shore, while waiting for the raging waters to recede, he spotted a fish swimming against the current. It seemed to the monkey that the fish was struggling and needed assistance. Being of kind heart, the monkey resoved to help the fish.
At considerable risk to himself, the monkey moved far out on the precarious limb of a tree, reached down, and snatched the fish from the waters. Scurrying back to the safety of his shelter, he carefully laid the fish on dry ground. For a few moments, the fish showed excitement but soon settled into a peaceful rest.
- An eastern parable
- the ministry we are called to is for and with people
Instruction is needed, because . . .
- the way we minister to other people affects how
people see Christ
- we want to represent Christ in our ministry in the
- we usually communicate from
our own frame of reference
- enlarging our frame of reference helps us understand
- it is best to withhold or suspend judgment until we
understand (asking "why" questions)
What should I do?
Different people will do things differently.
we are made in the image of God
Primary Theological Foundations
we serve a Creator who has communicated himself to us
we are commanded to communicate the good news to others
"Communication occurs whenever persons attribute significance to message-related behavior."
A Definition of Communication
Effective Intercultural Communication
, Kindle loc 237.
-> Communication is . . .
"Culture is a historically transmitted pattern of meanings embedded and expressed in symbols that are used to communicate, perpetuate, and develop . . . knowledge about and attitudes toward life."
Interpretation of Culture
(New York: Basic Books, 1973), 89.
Four Layers of Culture
(s. Figure 1.1)
e.g., language, institutions, values, bearing God's image
specific values/worldview of the largest cultural unit
Some cultures allow this layer to be valued, while others value harmony
Characteristics of Intercultural Communication
Everything that we do “communicates”
It is always more than just to impart information
The communication process is complex
We communicate through more than one channel more than one message
What can I do to build trust on the part of the audience?
Match the Term with its Basic Concept
- build a group of 2-3 students
- get one envelope per group
- each group needs to match the term with its basic
A Working Model of the Communication Process
(Figure 1.2 in our textbook)