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An Inspector calls (Themes)
Transcript of An Inspector calls (Themes)
Lawrence An Inspector Calls - Themes Vulnerability Definition Confessions Arthur Birling = Eva Smith
Sheila Birling = No Name (Eva Smith)
Gerald Croft = Daisy Renton
Mrs Birling = “Mrs Birling”
Eric Birling = “Eva Smith”
Confessions Arthur Birling
“She was one of my employees and then I discharged her.”
Confessions Sheila Birling
“Recognises it with a half-stifled sob, and then runs out.”
Confessions Gerald Croft
“All right, if you must have it. I met her first, some time in March last year.”
Confessions Mrs Birling
“Yes, quite true.”
“You know, don’t you?”
Confessions Capable of or susceptible to being wounded or hurt, as by a weapon: a vulnerable part of the body.
Open to moral attack, criticism, temptation, etc.: an argument vulnerable to refutation; He is vulnerable to bribery.
(Of a place) open to assault; difficult to defend: a vulnerable bridge.
Bridge . having won one of the games of a rubber.
Taken from Dictionary.com
Vulnerability Main Points Working class
Eva Smith / Daisy Renton
Relationships / Family
Vulnerability - Working Class Britain was predominantly capitalist pre WWI.
Liberal government did bring in reforms:
Labour exchanges – 1909
1911 National Insurance Act
1906 - the Trades Disputes Act Vulnerability - Capitalism These reforms were brought about because the working class, whilst still vulnerable, were becoming stronger. These reasons include:
Liberals had a coalition with the Labour party
Growing trade unions
Germany’s state welfare
High amounts of poverty
Vounrable Poverty Female Working Class No Family Vulnerability
Eva Smith /Daisy Renton Vulnerability
Her Class and Work Worked under Birling’s factory.
Wanted a higher wage.
No union in this instance.
Shows the workers rights back in 1912.
Birling's’ view of her was her cheap labour.
“Well, we let them all come back – at the old rates – except the four or five ring leaders, who’d started the trouble. I went down myself and told them to clear out.” (Act 1 Page 15). Vulnerability - Shop Worker Eva’s last stable job.
Just a store worker - no power.
Didn’t have the right to defend herself.
Couldn’t go to court.
Viewed as someone that would just find another job even with huge poverty, shows that the upper / middle class did not understand poverty.
‘and so you used the power you had…To punish the girl’ (Act 1 Page 24).
Vulnerability - Relationship with Gerald Viewed as just a mistress, never a proper relationship.
Shows total reliance on Upper classes.
‘I became the most important person in her life’ (Act 2 Page 37).
‘I didn't feel about her as she felt about me (Act 2 Page 38).
Vulnerability - Relationship with Eric Birling Viewed as a women that Eric could have sex with after a drunken night out.
‘I wasn’t in love with her or anything – but I liked her – she was pretty and a good sport’ (Act 3 Page 52).
Vulnerability - Rejection from the Charity Firstly viewed as someone that doesn’t deserve it.
‘so I used my influence to have it refused’ Act 2 9Page 44).
She doesn’t care about Eva / Daisy’s position and looks down on her.
Doesn’t believe that the lower class have the same feelings as her class.
Doesn’t believe her family can influence the death of a working class girl.
‘girls of that class…’ (Act 2 Page 38).
Vulnerability - No Family ‘Both her parents were dead’ (Act 1 Page 19).
Smith – Anonymous name.
Only had people she met to rely on.
Stayed at The stalls bar of the Palace Variety Theatre.
Area for lower classes and prostitutes- interestingly where she met Gerald and Eric.
Vulnerability - Representation The inspector tells the Birling family (and Gerald Croft) that they should correct the errors of their ways.
‘There are millions and millions and millions of Eva Smiths and John Smiths left with us’ (Act 3 Page 56).
Unfortunately the elder Birling's don’t seem to learn their lesson.
Pre-tense An abstruse theme
Establishing Pre-tense Pre-Tense is defined as two things in the Oxford English Dictionary
An attempt to make something that is not the case appear true
A false display of feelings, attitudes, or intentions
How is Pre-tense used by Priestley? To make something that is not the case appear true.
Murder of Eva Smith
How is Pre-tense used by Priestley? A false display of feelings, attitudes or emotions
Pre and Post arrival of Inspector Goole
Staying in character throughout the play Throughout the duration of the play many characters change there inner appearance, mainly after the entrance of Inspector Goole.
This is helped by the change in mood as they (the characters) start to reveal more information which at one point was hidden from the audience and each other
As well as this, many characters individually changes as follows:
The importance of Pre-tense Pre-tense is important for many different reasons:
Pre-Tense gives a more in depth analysis of the play.
Shows ‘hidden’ and deeper meanings towards smaller details of the play.
A theme sparsely capitalised by low and high ability pupils alike making your piece more unique if included
Thank you for watching