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Romeo and Juliet Act 3 Literary Devices

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Justin Zeltner

on 17 May 2013

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Transcript of Romeo and Juliet Act 3 Literary Devices

Romeo And Juliet
ACT III Literary Devices Events In Act III Shakespeare used many Literary Devices to impact the reader on the story of Romeo&Juliet In Act III, we have a lot of things happen that play key parts in the book. At the beginning of this chapter Mercutio has been killed in a fight, Romeo has just married Juliet, and Romeo kills Tybalt in a fight. After this series of events the Prince must uphold to his word and punish Romeo. Due to the death of Mercutio he decides to exile Romeo and not kill him. When, Romeo finds of the news in Friar Laurence's cell he is astonished. He says this is 10,000 times worse than death. He is just about ready to kill himself until, the Nurse figures out a plan for Romeo and Juliet's wedding night. In the mean time, Paris talks to the Capulet's about marrying Juliet, and at the time they just say make sure you love her. So, Romeo and Juliet get to have their last night together. Towards the end of the Chapter they argue about Romeo leaving. He too wants to stay but, knows if he dosen't the Capulets will kill him. Literary devices There are a couple prominent literary devices we see in Act III. These are Soliloquies, Monologues, Metaphors, and Similes.

Soliloquy-A dramatic or literary form of discourse in which a character talks to himself or herself or reveals his or her thoughts without addressing a listener.

Monologue-A single character, who expresses their thoughts aloud to sometimes another character or the audience.

Metaphor-A comparison of two unlike things that have something important in common.

Simile-A figure of speech in which two things are explicitly compared using like, as, or than.
"Gallop apace, you fiery-footed steeds,
Towards Phoebus' lodging: such a wagoner
As Phaethon would whip you to the west,
And bring in cloudy night immediately.
Spread thy close curtain, love-performing night,
That runaway's eyes may wink and Romeo
Leap to these arms, untalk'd of and unseen.
Lovers can see to do their amorous rites
By their own beauties; or, if love be blind,
It best agrees with night. Come, civil night,
Thou sober-suited matron, all in black,
And learn me how to lose a winning match,
Play'd for a pair of stainless maidenhoods:
Hood my unmann'd blood, bating in my cheeks,
With thy black mantle; till strange love, grown bold,
Think true love acted simple modesty.
Come, night; come, Romeo; come, thou day in night;
For thou wilt lie upon the wings of night
Whiter than new snow on a raven's back.
Come, gentle night, come, loving, black-brow'd night,
Give me my Romeo; and, when he shall die,
Take him and cut him out in little stars,
And he will make the face of heaven so fine
That all the world will be in love with night
And pay no worship to the garish sun.
O, I have bought the mansion of a love,
But not possess'd it, and, though I am sold,
Not yet enjoy'd: so tedious is this day
As is the night before some festival
To an impatient child that hath new robes
And may not wear them. O, here comes my nurse,
And she brings news; and every tongue that speaks
But Romeo's name speaks heavenly eloquence. " Juliet's Soliloquy Here is Juliet speaking in her very long Soliloquy (Act III Scene II). To paraphrase this quote, she is saying that she wants night to quickly come so she can see Romeo. She talks about how she is ready to lose her virginity to the man she loves. She thinks this will be awkward but, once to experience it with her husband. Juliet also says that she belongs to him. She is hoping the Nurse brings good news. In this monologue (Act III Scene II) Juliet and the nurse are having a discussion, because they have now just found out Romeo killed Tybalt.
In this section she is talking straight to the Nurse and In this quote she states, why should I talk bad of my husband. She says that she doesn't really think it is his fault and feels bad for him. She knows, that Tybalt has all along wanted to kill him and he had no choice. At first she was furious at Romeo and on the Nurse's side but, now she has come back in fury at the Nurse. She is sad that Tybalt died, but will shed no tears because Romeo is alive. At the same time though she, can not believe that Romeo has been banished. This news makes her want to die. So, Juliet is upset that she had just talked bad about her husband and also upset of his banishment.

Juliet's Monologue "Shall I speak ill of him that is my husband?
Ah, poor my lord, what tongue shall smooth thy name
When I, thy three-hours wife, hath mangled it?
But wherefore, villian, didst thou kill my cousin?
That villian cousin would have killed my husband!
Back, foolish tears, back to your native spring
Your tributary drops belong to woe, which you, mistaking, offer up to joy
My husband lives, who Tybalt would have slain
Tybalt's dead, who would have slain my husband
All this is comfort, wherefore weep I then?
Some word there was, worse than Tybalt's death
I would forget it fain, but, oh, it presses in my memory
Like damned guilty deeds in sinners minds!
"Tybalt is dead-and Romeo banished"
Banished, that one word, banished, hath slain ten-thousand Tybalts!
Romeo is banished--that is mother, father, Tybalt, Romeo, Juliet, all slain, all dead!
There is no measure, no bound, no limit in that words death
No words can that woe sound!" A metaphor by Juliet In this quote from Juliet we have her comparing through a metaphor. Those two things that are being compared are bright Romeo and the darkness of the night.
What she is saying is exactly what the quote says. Come Romeo, Come. She misses him and wants him to come to save her. He is her hero and Juliet wants to see him again. He is her light when there is darkness all around outside. "Come, night; come, Romeo; come, thou day in night;
For thou wilt lie upon the wings of night
Whiter than new snow on a raven's back." Mercutio's Similes "Thy head is as fun of quarrels as an egg is full of
meat, and yet thy head hath been beaten as addle as
an egg for quarrelling" Throughout this book we see one person in particular use a lot of similes. This person is Mercutio. We've seen him use similes with Romeo before, and now with Benvolio. This is because Mercutio is a funny guy. In this simile though, Mercutio is talking to Benvolio about his fighting habits. To emphasize how much he fights Mercutio is comparing Benvolio's head and Egg Yoke. To paraphrase, he is telling Benvolio, that your head is full of nonsense fights, like an egg is full yoke. The funny thing is Mercutio is always the one to be fighting. Mercutio goes on to say that your head has gone through so much fighting, that it has been beaten like scrambled eggs. We can tell it's a simile because it has an "as" in the sentence, and also the two things (Benvolio's head and an Egg) are being very heavily compared. If we look at the deeper image of this, Shakespeare used these devices to show the meaning they symbolize. The first Device we looked at was Juliet's Soliloquy and this vastly shows a deeper meaning. Shakespeare put her in this scene by herself to show, that she is just so desperate to see Romeo again. It shows, that she doesn't want to tell anyone anything, and she is so bored and upset about Romeo's banishment. This quote is very important and shows she doesn't want to spend time with any other person but Romeo. In her Monologue, it shows a deeper meaning of how she is changing and how much she loves her husband. At first, she was very angry at Romeo but now realizes that Romeo had no other option but, to kill Tybalt. This quote show Juliet is growing up, but this quote is also important because it shows that Juliet loves Romeo so much. She is going to snap at her Nurse who she has never yelled at, known for years, and is her mother figure, because she loves Romeo so much. In, Juliet's metaphor Shakespeare used this famous quote, to show how much she really misses Romeo. She has just married him, and wants to spend the night with him. This quote, also shows the reader that Romeo is her hero. He will come to her in the dark night and be the light for her. It gives the reader a greater impact of how much she wants Romeo. Lastly, Mercutio's simile in a sense shows essence of how he's changed too. He used to be the dude who was always like let's fight right now, and now he knows that things aren't getting better and someone will die in this feud. Benvolio doesn't really want to fight at all, but Mercutio is criticizing him of fighting for no reason. It shows Mercutio is acting strange. It is hot out though and Mercutio does not want to start any fight and he is trying to get away from anyone who does want to fight. Justin Zeltner Why Does Shakespeare use these Devices?
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