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Seasons, moon phases, Eclipses, and Tide Project
Transcript of Seasons, moon phases, Eclipses, and Tide Project
The different seasons happen because of the distance and tilt of the Earth on its axis. The earth is tilted on the axis. so the part that is closest to the sun will be the hottest, and when we are further away it will be colder
Solstice and Equinox
Summer Solstice- Is the first day of the summer and the longest day of sunlight of the year because the sun is furthest north form the earth.
Winter Solstice- The first day of the seasons of winter when the sun is farthest south and it's the shortest sun light day day of the year.
Occurs when the moon gets in front of the sun and blocks some of the light from hitting earth, or the moon is fully covering the sun.
There are two different types of eclipses one is the solar: witch is when the earth is being coverd from the suns light by the moon. one a small part of the earth gets a full solar eclipse and the other one is the lunar eclipse is when the earth is blocking light from the sun from hitting the moon. The umbra of the solar eclipse is when all of the moon is blocking the sun and the penumbra is where only part of the sun is covered by the moon
Seasons, Moon Phases, Eclipses, and Tide Project
By: Dallen Merutka, Connor Campbell
The side of the moon that is facing the earth is not lit by the sun, making the moon look as though it has disappeared. This is caused by the sun and the moon being on the same side of the earth.
When the moon lies directly on the opposite side of the earth from the sun lights up the moon and to us it looks like all of the moon is lit up.
From earth you see only a sliver of light on the moon. The sun is reflecting on the moon and the moon is reflecting the suns light to the earth.
The first quarter is where only half the moon is being shown from earth, because the sun is reflecting on half the moon and we see only half of that.
The waxing gibbous moon, is defined to occur when the Moon appears to be more than one-half, to 3/4 of the moon, but not fully lit up by direct sunlight.
The waning gibbous has the sun reflecting off of and to us on earth we see 3/4's of the moon.
The last Quarter is lit up by the sun half of the moon to us. This part of the moon is located at 12 o'clock in the sky.
We can only see the left sliver of the moon. its the only pat that we can see is lit up. it is located at 11 o'clock.
Most scientist believe that when the Earth was fist being formed that Mars hit the Earth and a big chunk of earth was split off and that was how the Moon was formed.
Spring and Autumn Equinox- The first day of spring and autumn where the sun light is the same amount of time as darkness.
Solstice origin: This word was made in 1200-50 and is Latin, middle English, and old French.
Equinox origin: it was made a word from 1350-1400 and is Middle English and Medieval Latin.
Tides occur because the moon is using it gravitational pull and it affects the oceans and makes there be waves.
The spring tide is when the moon and sun are on the same side or oposite around the earth and the gravity pulls the water out further than the neap tides.
The neap tides are when the moon is on ether side of the earth that is not closest or furthest from the sun. the tide are even all the way around the earth