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The Great Gatsby
Transcript of The Great Gatsby
The title character and protagonist of the novel, Gatsby is a fabulously wealthy young man. He dedicated his life to the achievement of wealth, making his fortune through criminal activity, as he was willing to do anything to gain the social position he thought necessary to win Daisy. He is viewed as a deeply flawed man, dishonest and vulgar, whose extraordinary optimism and power to transform his dreams into reality make him “great” nonetheless.
Robert Downey, Jr. was chosen because he is a versatile actor who does sarcastic roles and can effectively portray Jay Gatsby's character. Nick Carraway
The novel’s narrator, Nick is a young man from Minnesota who goes to New York City to learn the bond business. After moving to West Egg, a fictional area of Long Island that is home to the newly rich, Nick quickly befriends his next-door neighbor, the mysterious Jay Gatsby. The Great Gatsby is told entirely through Nick’s eyes; his thoughts and perceptions shape and color the story.
Ryan Reynolds was chosen because he is young and talented. He is a skillful thespian and fits Nick's character because Reynolds is also down to earth. Daisy Buchanan
Nick’s cousin, and the woman Gatsby loves. Daisy harbors a deep need to be loved, and when a wealthy, powerful young man named Tom Buchanan asked her to marry him, Daisy decided not to wait for Gatsby. Now a beautiful socialite, Daisy is sardonic and somewhat cynical, and behaves superficially to mask her pain at her husband’s constant infidelity.
Natalie Portman was chosen because she is graceful and has the aura of a 1920's socialite. Tom Buchanan Daisy’s wealthy husband, an arrogant, hypocritical bully. His social attitudes are laced with racism and sexism, and he never even considers trying to live up to the moral standard he demands from those around him. He has problems with his own affair with Myrtle, but when he begins to suspect Daisy and Gatsby of having an affair, he becomes outraged.
Gerard Butler was chosen because he has a tough physical appearance and can play an arrogant and pompous character. Myrtle
Tom’s lover, whose husband George owns a run-down garage in the valley of ashes. Myrtle herself is fierce and desperately looks for a way to improve her situation. Unfortunately for her, she chooses Tom, who treats her as a mere object of his desire.
Anne Hathaway was chosen because of her preference of scandalous roles.
Myrtle’s husband, the lifeless, exhausted owner of a run-down auto shop. George loves and idealizes Myrtle, and is devastated by her affair with Tom. George is consumed with grief when Myrtle is killed. George is comparable to Gatsby in that both are dreamers and both are ruined by their unrequited love for women who love Tom.
Marky Mark was chosen because he just kinda looks like someone who would run an auto shop. George Story Arc Nick Carraway, a young man from Minnesota, moves to New York in the summer of 1922. Nick’s next-door neighbor in West Egg is a mysterious man named Jay Gatsby.
Nick meets Jordan, Daisy and her husband Tom, and learns a bit about Daisy and Tom’s marriage: Jordan tells him that Tom has a lover, Myrtle Wilson.
Nick recieves an invitation to one of Gatsby’s legendary parties. He encounters Jordan Baker at the party, and they meet Gatsby.
It is soon learned that Gatsby has been in love with Daisy for years, and is only holding these grand parties to capture Daisy’s attention.
Nick invites Daisy to have tea at his house, without telling her that Gatsby will also be there. After an initially awkward reunion, Gatsby and Daisy reestablish their connection and begin an affair.
Tom realizes soon enough Gatsby is in love with Daisy, and confronts Gatsby. After outing Gatsby’s illegal bootlegging industry, Daisy announces her allegience to Tom.
Nick, Jordan, and Tom discover that Gatsby’s car has struck and killed Myrtle, Tom’s lover. Nick learns from Gatsby that Daisy was driving the car when it struck Myrtle, but that Gatsby intends to take the blame.
George, who falsely believes that Gatsby is Myrtle’s lover, finds Gatsby in the pool at his mansion and shoots him dead. He then fatally shoots himself.
Nick stages a small funeral for Gatsby and moves back to the Midwest to escape the disgust he feels for the people surrounding Gatsby’s life. Though Gatsby’s power to transform his dreams into reality is what makes him “great,” Nick reflects that the era of dreaming—both Gatsby’s dream and the American dream—is over. Setting Long Island
The Lake -West and East Egg
-Entire story takes place on Long Island -Gatsby's home was on the lake
-Daisy's home across the lake from Gatsby
-Represents Daisy and Gatsby's separation Taglines "That’s my Middle West . . . the street lamps and sleigh bells in the frosty dark. . . . I see now that this has been a story of the West, after all—Tom and Gatsby, Daisy and Jordan and I, were all Westerners, and perhaps we possessed some deficiency in common which made us subtly unadaptable to Eastern life." In this moment, Nick realizes for the first time that though his story is set on the East Coast, the western character of his acquaintances (“some deficiency in common”) is the source of the story’s tensions and attitudes. He considers each character’s behavior and value choices as a reaction to the wealth-obsessed culture of New York. This perspective contributes powerfully to Nick’s decision to leave the East Coast and return to Minnesota, as the infeasibility of Nick’s Midwestern values in New York society mirrors the impracticality of Gatsby’s dream. "Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgastic future that year by year recedes before us. It eluded us then, but that’s no matter—tomorrow we will run faster, stretch out our arms farther. . . . And then one fine morning—
So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past." These words conclude the novel and find Nick returning to the theme of the significance of the past to dreams of the future, here represented by the green light. He focuses on the struggle of human beings to achieve their goals by both transcending and re-creating the past. While they never lose their optimism, they expend all of their energy in pursuit of a goal that moves ever farther away. This metaphor characterizes both Gatsby’s struggle and the American dream itself. "She looked at him blindly. "Why – how could I love him – possibly?"…"Not that day I carried you down from the Punch Bowl to keep your shoes dry?" There was a husky tenderness in his tone…The words seemed to bite physically into Gatsby…”Even alone I can’t say I never loved Tom," she admitted in a pitiful voice. "It wouldn’t be true." For Daisy, love can change over time. She claims she loved only Gatsby, then Gatsby and Tom, and now only Gatsby. But to Gatsby, for whom love is unchanging, this is inconceivable. Gatsby and Daisy can never really be reunited because of these fundamental disagreements about time and love. "I hope she’ll be a fool—that’s the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool." Daisy explains her hopes for her infant daughter. She is product of a social environment that, to a great extent, does not value intelligence in women. The older generation values subservience and docility in females, and the younger generation values thoughtless giddiness and pleasure-seeking. Daisy implies that a girl can have more fun if she is beautiful and simplistic. "He had one of those rare smiles with a quality of eternal reassurance in it, that you may come across four or five times in life. It faced, or seemed to face, the whole external world for an instant and then concentrated on you with an irresistible prejudice in your favor. It understood you just as far as you wanted to be understood, believed in you as you would like to believe in yourself." This description of Gatsby’s smile captures both the theatrical quality of Gatsby’s character and his charisma. Additionally, it encapsulates the manner in which Gatsby appears to the outside world. One of the main facets of Gatsby’s persona is that he acts out a role that he defined for himself when he was seventeen years old. His smile seems to be both an important part of the role and a result of the singular combination of hope and imagination that enables him to play it so effectively. "The truth was that Jay Gatsby, of West Egg, Long Island, sprang from his Platonic conception of himself. He was a son of God—a phrase which, if it means anything, means just that—and he must be about His Father’s business, the service of a vast, vulgar, and meretricious beauty. So he invented just the sort of Jay Gatsby that a seventeen year old boy would be likely to invent, and to this conception he was faithful to the end." Nick uses this striking comparison between Gatsby and Jesus Christ to illuminate Gatsby’s creation of his own identity. It is nonetheless a suggestive comparison, as Gatsby transforms himself into the ideal that he envisioned for himself as a youngster and remains committed to that ideal, despite the obstacles that society presents to the fulfillment of his dream. ""Nevertheless you did throw me over," said Jordan suddenly. "You threw me over on the telephone. I don’t give a damn about you now, but it was a new experience for me, and I felt a little dizzy for a while."…“I thought you were rather an honest, straightforward person. I thought it was your secret pride." Jordan exposes Nick as a dishonest person, even though he prides himself on being trustworthy. What she considers dishonesty on his part may be the same kind of dishonesty of which Gatsby was at one time guilty of with Daisy; he led her to believe he could offer her safety and security. In fact, Nick is as emotionally unavailable to Jordan as Gatsby was practically unavailable to Daisy. This is how he has been dishonest. American Dream Fitzgerald portrays the 1920s as an era of decayed social and moral values, evidenced in its overarching cynicism, greed, and empty pursuit of pleasure. The American dream in the 1920s is ruined by the unworthiness of money and pleasure. Gatsby longs to re-create a vanished past—his time in Louisville with Daisy—but is incapable of doing so. When his dream crumbles, all that is left for Gatsby to do is die.
Division of the Upper Class Fitzgerald portrays the newly rich as being vulgar, gaudy, ostentatious, and lacking in social graces and taste. Gatsby, for example, lives in a monstrously ornate mansion, wears a pink suit, drives a Rolls-Royce, and does not pick up on subtle social signals, such as the insincerity of the Sloanes’ invitation to lunch. In contrast, the old aristocracy possesses grace, taste, subtlety, and elegance, epitomized by the Buchanans’ tasteful home and the flowing white dresses of Daisy and Jordan Baker. Ironically, Gatsby’s good qualities (loyalty and love) lead to his death, as he takes the blame for killing Myrtle rather than letting Daisy be punished, and the Buchanans’ bad qualities (fickleness and selfishness) allow them to remove themselves from the tragedy not only physically but psychologically. Jealousy In the novel The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, this feeling of resentment and rivalry is exactly what many of the characters feel towards each other. Both Gatsby and Tom are jealous of each other on account of Daisy, Tom's wife and Jay's only true love besides money. Although their jealousy is portrayed the most throughout the book, Daisy Buchanan's jealousy of Myrtle Wilson (Tom's mistress) is shown in The Great Gatsby, as well. Themes Symbols At the end of Daisy’s dock and barely visible from Gatsby’s lawn, the green light demonstrates Gatsby’s hopes and dreams for the future. Gatsby ties it in with Daisy and reaches toward it in the darkness as a guiding light to lead him to his goal. The green light also symbolizes that more generalized idea of the American dream. The Green Light The Valley of Ashes It represents the moral and social decay that results from the greed of wealth, as the rich are too self absorbed in their own pleasure. The valley of ashes also symbolizes the poor, like George Wilson, who live among the dirty ashes and lose their vitality as a result. The Eyes of Doctor T. J. Eckleburg A pair of eyes painted on an old advertising billboard over the valley of ashes. They might represent God staring down upon and judging American society as corrupted land.. The connection between the eyes of Doctor T. J. Eckleburg and God exists only in George Wilson’s mind. This lack of significance contributes to the odd nature of the image. The eyes also come to represent the meaninglessness of the world.