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Communism in vietnam
Transcript of Communism in vietnam
Vietnam was in a state of war for the better part of the second half of the 1900s. The fought for idependence from the french beginning in the 40s, and they fought a border war with China soon after the Vietnam War. So the citizens were used to constant fighting.
In 1960 North Vietnam went to war with south Vietnam in an attemp to annex South Vietnam and reunify the country under communist control.
In 1964 the United States sent combat troops to support the South Vietnamese government. Australia, the Republic of Korea, Thailand, and New Zealand also contributed to the souths war effort. On the other hand, China and the Soviet Union provided support to North Vietnam.
Communist insurgencies were also operating in the kingdom of Laos and Khmer Republic, these insurgencies were aided by the North Vietnamese government.
North Vietnam was diplomatically isolated by many Western states, they only recognized the anti-communist south.
Most communist countries recognized the north and some even provided aid including North Korea, China, Cuba, and the Soviet Union.
In 1969 Sweden extended diplomatic recognition to North Vietnam, they were the first to do so and in the 70s many countries followed suit.
As of 2007 Communist unified Vietnam has established diplomatic relations with 172 countries (including the U.S).
Communism in Vietnam
In 1953 a land reform law that called for confiscation of land belonging to landlords who were enemies of the regime, requisition of land from landlords who were not enemies, and purchase with payment in bonds. This land was then distributed to the people (priority was given to communist fighters and their families). The land reform affected around 4 million rural people.
The land reform was considered a success because of much land being distributed to the poor but at the same time the program was executed with much violence. People classified as "landlords" were being executed but a lot of the time these people were incorectly identified.
Role of government
In 1960 North Vietnam had a per capita GDP of US$73. At the same time the south had a per capita GDP of US$223. In 1975 before the unification the North had a per capita GDP of US$95 and the souths was US$44.
The average life expectancy of vietnamese person in 1960 was 59 years, this increased to 61 years in 1975.
During the war against the US the standard of living in North Vietnam was very bad because of the destruction of infastructure by US bombing.
The US use of agent orange to destroy forest cover had a great affect on the citizens who came into contact with the chemical. It's estimated that 4 million citizens came into contact with agent orange and 3 million people have suffered illness because of it. Exposure to the chemical is linked to still births, cleft palate, neural tube defects, and spina bifida. Former US bases where the chemical was stored still have high levels of dioxins in the soil, this affects the citizens of vietnam to this day, poisoning the food chain and causing serious skin diseases and cancers.
Standard of living