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Copy of Imperialism
Transcript of Copy of Imperialism
Imperialism--Strong nations dominating other countries
Capitalism--Economic system with private businesses
Nationalism--Loyalty to your own nation IMPERIALISM AND EMPIRE IN africa
1914--With the exception of Ethiopia and Liberia, all of Africa was controlled by Europeans What enabled African and Indian Imperialism? European technological superiority
--Automatic machine gun
Europeans had the means to control their empires
--Wide spread communication
African and Indian disunity
--Huge variety of cultures
--Fighting among cultures
--Huge business interests and support from companies BRITISH IN INDIA --British East India company controlled much of India with a police force made up of sepoys. Sepoys=Native Hindu or Muslim mercenary private police.
--Indian Crops: opium poppies for sale in China and cotton and tea for sale in the rest of the British empire.
--Cotton textile making outlawed in India so that the Indian people would be forced to buy British cloth.
--India was so profitable, it was called the “Jewel in the Crown.” sepoy rebellion
--The Sepoy Rebellion - 1857(or Sepoy Mutiny) was caused by a rumor that new bullets were greased with cow and pig fat.
--Cow: sacred to Hindus.
--Pig: Unclean to Muslims.
--Sepoys refused to use the new ammo and were arrested by the British.
--This touched off a revolt which slaughtered more than 50 European men, women and children.
British sent in more troops. Indian armies outnumbered.230,000 to 40,000.
--British seized control of all of India.
--Queen Victoria became Empress of India. Imperialism and empire in INDIA
--In 1915 Gandhi began a NONVIOLENT struggle for India’s independence from Great Britain.
--In 1930 Mohandas Gandhi publicly opposed the British law against the production and sale of salt in India.
--He led thousands of Indian people to the sea to harvest salt. The British could not arrest everyone!
--In protest of the British law against Indian textile making, Gandhi himself spun the thread for every garment he wore. imperialism and empire in china --Because of repeated attempts at invasion, China distrusted foreigners and tried to remain isolationist.
--They were unsuccessful.
--Britain gained spheres of influence in China through smuggling opium. Resulted in Opium War and Boxer Rebellion. british east India company: Tea and Opium --Tea trade
--Tea demand in England explodes.
--Trade with China is imbalanced.
--Tea trade is net drain in Silver.
--Opium from Afghanistan (then part of British India) sold to China to prevent the outflow of silver from Britain.
--Raw cotton and opium from
-India became the staple
-British imports into China.
--British East India Company becomes a drug dealer. opium wars in china -Opium cheap.
-Population develops a dependency.
-Chinese appeal to Britain.
-Request the Queen stop the opium trade.
-British government does not reply.
-China searches British ships.
-Chinese throw opium cargo into the ocean. The opium addict often sold all his possessions to pay for the opium. This woodcut shows an addict's wife being sold to support his habit. Open Door Policy --United States wanted access to China trade, along with the British.
--Feared other nations would beat them to China.
--1889, John Hay, US secretary of state proposed Open Door Policy.
--All countries with economic interests in China should have equal access to Chinese markets.
--No one consulted China! Monroe Doctrine 1823 Back to work Use your notes to fill in your Graphic Organizer.