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Forget teaching, focus on learning
Transcript of Forget teaching, focus on learning
pre-task -> task cycle -> language focus
pre -> gist -> detailed -> post
CEF (Can do statements)
"Don't translate" Forget teaching, focus on learning
(Humanism and Complexity)
Willy C. Cardoso Complex Systems
Chaos Theory Butterfly Effect sensitivity to initial conditions Learner-centered Humanism
(learning -> behavior -> personal growth) Complexity
(teaching is managing the dynamics of learning) Person-centered
meeting cultural expectations
pleasing others away from self-direction
being a complexity of process
openness to experience
acceptance of others
trust of self toward Chaos Order tension Reductionism Complexity Language is a Complex System
“complex, dynamic, non-linear, self-organizing, open, emergent, sometimes chaotic, and adaptive systems” (Larsen-Freeman & Cameron, 2008) authenticteaching.wordpress.com
Brockett, R. G. (1997) Humanism as an Instructional Paradigm in C. Dills & A. Romiszowski (Eds.) Instructional Development Paradigms, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications
Dewey, J. (1910) How We Think, D.C.Heath & Co.
Harshbarger, B. (2007) Chaos, Complexity and Language Learning - from the ICU Language Research Bulletin, Vol 22, Tokyo
Illich, I. (1971a) Deschooling Society, Harmondsworth: Penguin. (First published by Harper and Row 1971; now republished by Marion Boyars)
Larsen-Freeman, D. & Cameron, L. (2008) Complex Systems and Applied Linguistics
Patterson, C.H. (1985) Empathic Understanding ( from The Therapeutic Relationship pp. 52-59)
Paiva, V. L. M. O. Modelo Fractal de Aquisição de Línguas In: BRUNO, F.C. (Org.) Reflexão e Prática em ensino/aprendizagem de língua estrangeira. São Paulo: Editora Clara Luz, 2005. p. 23-36
Rogers, C.R. (1961) On Becoming a Person, Constable & Robinson Ltd. The purpose of Education is ... "The purpose of education is to develop self-actualizing persons" Patterson (1973) The purpose of education is ... The purpose of education is ... The purpose of education is ... "What a man can be, he must be" Maslow ...learning is the human activity which least needs manipulation by others. Most learning is not the result of instruction. It is rather the result of unhampered participation in a meaningful setting. ...
Ivan Illich (Deschooling Society) How can I provide a relationship which this person may use for his own personal growth?
Synonyms: instruct, train, school, discipline, drill, educate
Instruct - suggests methodical teaching.
Train - suggests concentration on particular skills intended to fit a person for a desired role.
School - often implies an arduous learning process.
Discipline - usually refers to the teaching of control, especially self-control.
Drill - implies rigorous instruction or training, often by repetition of a routine.
Educate - often implies formal instruction but especially stresses the development of innate capacities.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language WHAT IF…
Learning and learners cannot be usefully separated?
Learning is a matter of innovation and creation as much or more than reproduction?
Prescriptions and proscriptions about teaching are doomed to fail?
We understand that teaching does not cause learning? www.englishintheoffice.com.br www.superteacher.com.br A complex system is
a highly structured system, which shows structure with variations
one whose evolution is very sensitive to initial conditions or to small perturbations, one in which the number of independent interacting components is large, or one in which there are multiple pathways by which the system can evolve
one that by design or function or both is difficult to understand and verify
one in which there are multiple interactions between many different components
Complex systems are systems in process that constantly evolve and unfold over time