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Religion Mindmap by Elliot Sinclair
Transcript of Religion Mindmap by Elliot Sinclair
Religion Mind map
Guru Gobind Singh
10th living Guru
Declared that from his death onwards, that he would be the last living guru and the next guru would be the Sikh holy book, the Guru Granth Sahib.
Guru Granth Sahib
It represents the actual word of God and is considered to be the modern day equivalent of the living Guru.
Most Sikhs themselves do not have a copy of the Guru Granth Sahib but rather a copy of the key hymns from the book.
This summary book is called the Adi Granth.
As it is not the actual book, it does not need to be treated in quite the same way as the full book.
Every copy of the book has exactly the same number of pages,
in total. Every page of the book is the same in every copy.
The original copy of the book still exists.
The book is written in a special language called gurmukhi (which was invented by the second guru).
Most of the content are hymns written by the 10 gurus.
Each section starts with the ‘Mool Mantra’ which sums up the central beliefs of Sikhs
The book also contains some writings by Hindu and Muslim leaders.
If a house has a copy of the Guru Granth Sahib, it should have its own room where it is kept when not in use. It is often covered in special clothes called romallas.
Sikhs respect the book very highly as it is looked upon as the actual living word of God.
People may bring gifts to the book (such as new sheets, romallas or pillows) as a way of thanking God for good fortune or luck in their lives.
This is what it is used for.
All Gurdwaras across the globe have:
•The Sikh scripture - Guru Granth Sahib
•Community Kitchen - langar
Food is cooked by the members of the community and served by members of the community, to all people at the Gurdwara. The idea is to demonstrate equality of all people, irrespective of caste, creed, religion, race or sex.
The gurdwara usually has four doors to show that it is open to all.
•The "Nishan Sahib," a yellow (saffron) triangular flag bearing the Sikh symbol of "Khanda" flies from every Gurdwara. The term 'nisan' means 'flag' and 'sahib' is a term of respect.
image: nisham sahib
Visitors irrespective of their religion can expect shelter, comfort and food at all Gurdwaras.
Everyone who enters a gurdwara must cover their head and take their shoes off. Hands are washed and in some Gurdwaras there are feet washes.
There are no chairs, everyone sits on the floor.
Men and women do not sit together. The women sit on one side of the Guru Granth Sahib and men on the other. (In some smaller Gurdwaras, men and women may be seen sitting mixed in the congregation.)
Three main functions are carried out in all public Gurdwaras:
•Kirtan - the singing of hymns from the Guru Granth Sahib
• Katha - the reading of the Guru Granth Sahib and explanations.
•The Langar - free community kitchen for all visitors of all religions.
Along with these main functions Gurdwaras around the world also serve the Sikh community in many other ways including, libraries of Sikh literature and schools to teach children Gurmukhi and the Sikh scriptures.
This is what the Nishan Sahib looks like.
Anyone can eat for free in the langar
The langar must be:
Simple vegetarian meals
Prepared by devotees who recite Gurbani while preparing the langar
Served after performing Ardas (prayers)
Food distributed in pangat
All food must be fresh, clean and hygienically prepared
Guru Nanak designed a way in which all people would sit on the floor together, as equals, to eat the same simple food.
It is here that all people, high or low, rich or poor, male or female all sit in pangat (row or line) to share and enjoy the food together.
The langar helps to ensure women and children participate in service for mankind. Women help to prepare the food, and children serve the food to the pangat.
Go to The project Sikh Dwali in my documents at home on the computer