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2 The Crusades

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Mary Quigg

on 3 August 2017

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Transcript of 2 The Crusades

What were the Crusades?
The Crusades were a series of wars during the Middle Ages where the Christians of Europe tried to retake control of Jerusalem and the Holy Land from the Muslims.
What lead up to the Crusades?
Each of three major religious groups claimed Jerusalem in the land of Palestine as their holy city.
To Christians, it was the place where Jesus was crucified and ascended to heaven
To Muslims, it was the place where Muhammad met three earlier prophets Abraham, Moses and Jesus.
To Jews, it was the site of the ancient temple built by Solomon.
In 600 CE, Arabs conquered the city.
The Arabs continued to allow Christian and Jewish pilgrims to visit Jerusalem. They even allowed Jews and Christians to live in the city.
What caused the Crusades?
In 1095, a different tribe of Arabs took over Jerusalem. They refused to allow Jewish and Christian pilgrims to enter the city.
The Pope heard about this and called for Christians to do something. He asked for a volunteer army to go and take back Jerusalem. About 30,000 knights and other fighting men took up the challenge and left to retake Jerusalem.
What was required?
Participants took a public, binding vow to join a military expedition. As a sign of their vow, they sewed a red cross onto their garments.  The cross could only be removed upon successful completion of their armed pilgrimage.
What happened?
After two years of travel, hunger, disease, and even fighting among themselves, the Crusaders reached Palestine.
After some very hard fighting and a three month siege of the city, the Crusaders won and recaptured Jerusalem. Some of the knights stayed to defend the city, but most returned to their homes.
How many Crusades were there?
The Crusades were a series of several battles. They took place from 1095 to 1270.
There were a total of 8 different Crusades over the almost 200 year span.
What happened afterwards?
One of the unexpected results of the Crusades was that the Crusaders brought back new foods, literature, art, inventions, and ideas from the Arabs.
Essential Question
1095 to 1270
What were the implications of global interactions during the Crusades?
"I can" Statement
I can explain the effects of increased global interaction.
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