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Transcript of 2012
They point out that such an object so close to Earth would be easily visible to the naked eye.
Also a planet such as Nibiru would create noticeable effects in the orbits of the outer planets. Conclusion Thank you for your attention! Mayan Calendar Prehistoric Doomsdays Mayan Civilization is full of mysterious and Mayan people showed great achievements in mathematics and astronomy.
For example, by the modern technique, the precise time for one Solar Year is:
And before more than 2,000 years, Mayan already know the time for one year is:
Which means even for 5,000 years the error will be only one day ! Mayan had many important calendar, two common calendars are Tzolk'in and Haab. 365 x 52 = 260 x 73 = 18980
Thus forms a life-long circle for people to record their life. Mayan, like other ancient civilizations, believed that time is circular. But they also had strong understanding in past and future.
Thus they invented the Long Count Calendar. 3113 BC 2012 AD 11 August 3114 BC Long Count Calendar is a linear calendar, and it uses serial vigesimal numbers to represent the date. Thus it can identify every day in unlimited time. In Mayan literature, there is a strong tradition of "world ages". They believed there were already three worlds be destroyed by catastrophe, and we are now living in the forth world. Mayan also believed the previous world last for 220.127.116.11.0, or roughly 5,125 years They counted 11 August 3114 BC as the zero day of new age, and their long count calendar last for another 18.104.22.168.0 13 is an important number to Mayan, which represents the level of Gods. And thousands of years passed, now we are facing the last year in the Mayan long count calendar. Some Mayanist explained that Mayan believed after the long period it would be the beginning of a new world, but... 21 December Will it also be the end of our old world? So the length of their long count calendar, 22.214.171.124.0 should not be meaningless. SHEN, Linghao 1155013378
YING, Youqi 1155013401
YEUNG, Tiffany Lok-yan 1009609343
LI, Cheuk Ying 1155009296 GEUC4011GEUC4011U
Group 104: 2012 – The End of the
World? 1.2012 – the movie
3.The 2012 phenomenon
Planet X – NIBIRU
6.What makes us believe? Content Video Clip of the Movie “2012” -Located at Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico
-More than 180km in diameter
-One of the largest impact on the earth Discovered by a geophysicist in 1978
Based on the age of the rocks
-Roughly 65 million years ago
-The end of the Cretaceous Period The Prehistoric Doomdays – Chicxulub Crater Impact The cause of the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction event
-75% of all Earth’s species
-100% of the dinosaurs Environmental Effects The Prehistoric Doomdays – Chicxulub Crater Impact The 2012 phenomenon Have you Heard about the 2012 Phenomenon? The 2012 Phenomenon Theological scientific beliefs in which transformative events will occur on the 21th December, 2012 Have you ever heard about the Maya Civilization? Do you believe in the prophecy about 2012 of the Mayan Calendar ? Galactic Alignment NIBIRU – Planet X Avebury Manor – Crop Circles Questionnaire Results Refuting Claims Mysterious Crop Circles Let’s Take A Look!!!!!!!! What does the crop circle look like? A new crop circle is found on 15th July 2008 in England, Wiltshire Avebury Manor – Crop Circles Saturn Uranus Mercury Pluto Venus Earth Jupiter Mars Neptune What makes it special? Avebury Manor – Crop Circles Avebury Manor – Crop Circles Looks like the solar system…
The alignment of the planets on approximately 21st December,2012 or some says it’s on 23rd December,2012 Can you find any difference? On 22nd July, 2008, the crop circles were modified. Avebury Manor – Crop Circles Return of Nibiru or Planet X Coming close to the Earth 2 innermost planets will be engulfed.
Mercury Avebury Manor – Crop Circles Size of the sun Expanded Are there any prophecies existed in the crop circles of Avebury Manor or......
It was just a coincidence? Earth’s liquid-iron outer core will spin Planet’s crust and mantle will shift Path of the sun in the sky would appear to cross the midpoint of the Milky Way, appearing as a cloudy stripe across the night sky
This would expose Earth to some unknown forces - “Pole Shift” Galactic Alignment Galactic Alignment Breakaway oceans and continents Massive solar radiation destabilizing the inner Earth by heat Extreme gravitational pull Galactic Alignment Overall, there is no increase in natural disasters
Only explained by global warming for increase in storms and floods What explains the increase in natural disasters this year then? Keeping bad news from the population usually backfires
The real world have a good record of helping each other in a time of danger actually The government is just trying to keep it a secret so it wouldn’t cause panic Refuting Claims Marketing campaign for the film 2012: fictional “Institute for Human Continuity” called on people to prepare for the end of the world. These promotions did not mention the film itself, so viewers believed them to be real Sales of private underground blast shelters have increased noticeably since 2009 Government In Brazil, some cities has mobilized the population to prepare by stocking up food and supplies
Colony is being built for survivors Ipsos poll 16,000 adults in 21 countries: 8% had experienced fear and anxiety over the possibility “Ask an Astrobiologist” A NASA public outreach website has received questions from people whether they should kill themselves What Makes us Believe? Media influence Social influence Assumpção, I. (2012). Cidade está sendo construída para refugiar sobreviventes de 'tragédia'. Globo Reporter.
Aveni, A. (2009). The End of Time: The Maya Mystery of 2012. Boulder, Colorado: University Press of Colorado.
Brown, M. (7 June 2009). Sony Pictures and the End of the World. Mike Brown's Planets.
Bhagawati (2012, April 27). Crop Formation Keep Croping Up. OSHONEWS.
Bruce, A. (2009). 2012: Science or Superstition. The USA: The Disinformation Company Ltd.
Coe, M.D. (1966). The Maya. Ancient peoples and places series, no. 52 (1st ed.). London: Thames and Hudson.
David, F.; Schele, L.; Parker, J. (1993). Maya Cosmos:Three thousand years on the shaman's path. New York: William Morrow.
Frankel, C. (1999). The End of the Dinosaurs: Chicxulub Crater and Mass Extinctions. England: Cambridge University Press.
Handwerk, B. (2009, November 9). 2012: Six End-of-the-World Myths Debunked. National Geographic News.
Hoopes, J.W. (2011). New Age Sympathies and Scholarly Complicities: The History and Promotion of 2012 Mythology.. Archaeoastronomy: The Jour11.I am Jeshua returned. (2010) The Means of the Trigger. Retrieved August 3, 2012, from http://www.iamjeshuareturned.com/the_means_of_the_trigger.html
Kring, D.A. (2007). The Chicxulub impact event and its environmental consequences. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 255, 4 – 21.
Krupp, E. C. (2012). The Great 2012 Doomsday Scare. NASA. Retrieved August 20, 2012, from http://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/2012-guest.html Reference Lists Mauricio, T. (14 March 2012). RS: prefeito orienta população a se preparar para 'fim do mundo'. Terra.
Morrison, D. NASA Ask An Astrobiologist. NASA. Archived from the original on 3 May 2011.
NASA, U.S. (2011). 2012: Beginning of the End or Why the World Won't End? Retrieved from: http://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/2012.html
One in Seven (14%) Global Citizens Believe End of the World is Coming in Their Lifetime. Ipsos. 2012.
Pole Reversal (2005). NASA Claims Polar Shift Due In 2012. Retrieved August 17, 2012, from http://www.polereversal.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=22&Iteminal of Astronomy and Culture 24: 180-201. ISSN 0190-9940d=1
19.Severin, G.M. (1981). The Paris Codex: Decoding an Astronomical Ephemeris. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 71 (5): 1–101.
20.Sitler, R. K. (2006). The 2012 Phenomenon: New Age Appropriation of an Ancient Mayan Calendar. Novo Religion: the Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions, 9 (3): 24–38.
21.The 2012 Post (2012). The Avebury Manor 2012 Crop Circle. Retrieved August 16, 2012, from http://www.the2012post.com/2012/02/the-avebury-manor-2012-crop-circle.html
22.Van Stone, M. It’s Not the End of the World: What the Ancient Maya Tell Us about 2012. Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies, Inc. Retrieved August 6, 2012, from http://www.famsi.org/research/vanstone/2012/index.html.
23.Warmkessel, B.M. (2012). NIBIRU and the 2012 Impact Threat Retrieved August13, 2012, from http://www.barry.warmkessel.com/2012impact.html Academia de las Lenguas Mayas de Guatemala (1988). Lenguas Mayas de Guatemala: Documento de referencia para la pronunciación de los nuevos alfabetos oficiales. Guatemala City: Instituto Indigenista Nacional.. Refer citation in Kettunen and Hemke (2005:5) for details and notes on adoption among the Mayanist community.
David Morrison (October 2008). "The Myth of Nibiru and the End of the World in 2012". Skeptical Inquirer. Retrieved 2 August 2012, from http://www.csicop.org/si/show/myth_of_nibiru_and_the_end_of_the_world_in_2012/.
Benjamin Anastas (1 July 2007). "The Final Days" (reproduced online, at KSU). The New York Times Magazine (New York: The New York Times Company): Section 6, p.48. Retrieved 18 August 2012, from http://ksuweb.kennesaw.edu/~tkeene/apwhAnastasThe%20(Mayan)%20Final%20Days.htm.
Dunham, Will (2006-11-30). "Single massive asteroid wiped out dinosaurs: study". physadvice.net. Retrieved 19 August, 2012, from .http://geology.physadvice.net/2006/12/05/. Would the world come to the end in 2012?
No one knows what would happen in the future...
Although prophecies of the doomsday are being spread all over the world, people keep their own beliefs.
No matter the Doomsday will come or not, the only thing we should do is to treasure what we own right at this moment.
Protect the Earth as possible as we can!! Do You Believe in the Doomsday? Methodology ANOVA Stand for Analysis of variance
Focus on the factors which effect people's strength of belief toward the 2012
Take the popular 0.5 as our p-value in the analysis Statistics Data collected by online survey. Questionare can be found in follow link:
83 samples are involved in our ANOVA test.
Collected data can be retrieved follow this link: *Some analysis involve short answer questions are done manually https://docs.google.com/open?id=0B3-esc2aSZZhbFNkOGwzNEFXR1E Analysis & Results http://www.my3q.com/survey/448/stein/45773.phtml Gender Age Male Female We are interested in the following factors:
4. Knowledge of 2012
5. Belief in Occult Belief of Occult What's the factors that affect the people's belief of 2012? Religion Knowledge of 2012 Conclusion We can derive some useful information from the result we got 1. The effect of superstitious and religious belief are the lowest among all the factors we tested.
2. Gender becomes the most significant factors.
3. The person with part of information about 2012 tend to have stronger belief.
4. Extreme belief value(> 6) mostly appears in teenagers. The Nibiru collision is a supposed disastrous encounter between the Earth and a large planetary object (either a collision or a near-miss) . Nibiru (Planet x) 10th planet of solar system.
Orbits the sun every 3600 years on its elliptical orbit.
Volume similar to Jupiter.
Has 5 satellites. Nibiru collision Nibiru is a term in the Akkadian language, translating to "crossing" or "point of transition".
The idea of the Nibiru collision originated with Nancy Lieder, a Wisconsin woman who claimed that as a girl she was contacted by gray aliens called Zetas, who implanted a communications device in her brain. Origin Uranus and Neptune's orbits are abnormal. Evidences Scientific criticism The End Q & A Session Confirmed such has happened before
The process took millions of years
Subtler shift could occur
White streaks are actually “thick dust clouds” called the Great Rift
Pull of the Black hole decreases exponentially with distance away from it Galactic Alignment Another mispreconception:
the Earth will be lined up with a black hole
the massive gravitational force will suck in the Earth 260 x 73 = 365 x 52
Two calendar meets every 52 Haab years to form a life-long cycle Conspiracy theories Many believers in the imminent approach of Planet X/Nibiru accuse NASA of deliberately covering up visual evidence of its existence. One such accusation involves the IRAS infrared space observatory, launched in 1983. Astronomers reject the idea of Nibiru, and have made efforts to inform the public that there is no threat to Earth in 2012.
They point out that such an object so close to Earth would be easily visible to the naked eye.
Also a planet such as Nibiru would create noticeable effects in the orbits of the outer planets