Transcript of World War II
Double click anywhere & add an idea World War II Justin Reamer Leaders during world war ii Franklin Delano roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the 32nd President of the United States and a central figure in world events during the mid-20th century, leading the United States during a time of worldwide economic crisis and world war. The only American president elected to more than two terms, his initials, FDR, often referred to him. Roosevelt won his first of four presidential elections in 1932, while the United States was in the depths of the Great Depression. FDR's combination of optimism and economic activism is often credited with keeping the country's economic crisis from developing into a political crisis. He led the United States through most of World War II, and died in office of a cerebral hemorrhage shortly before the war ended. In his first term (1933-36) FDR launched the New Deal, a very large, complex interlocking set of programs designed to produce relief (especially government jobs for the unemployed), recovery (of the economy), and reform (by which he meant regulation of Wall Street, banks and transportation). The Conservative Coalition that formed in 1937 prevented his packing the Supreme Court or passing much new legislation; it abolished most of the relief programs when unemployment practically ended during World War II. Most of the regulations on business were ended about 1975-85, except for the regulation of Wall Street by the Securities and Exchange Commission, which still exists. The major surviving General Welfare clause program is Social Security, which Congress passed in 1935. As World War II loomed after 1938, with the Japanese invasion of China and the aggressions of Nazi Germany, FDR gave strong diplomatic and financial support to China and Britain, while remaining officially neutral. His goal was to make America the "Arsenal of Democracy"--supplying the munitions while others did the fighting. In March 1941, Roosevelt, with Congressional approval, provided Lend-Lease aid to the countries fighting against Nazi Germany, with Great Britain. He secured a near-unanimous declaration of war against Japan and Germany after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, calling it a "day that will live in infamy." He supervised the mobilization of the US economy to support the Allied war effort, taking criticism for fumbles early on, but saw unemployment evaporate and the industrial economy soar to heights no one ever expected. Roosevelt dominated the American political scene, not only during the twelve years of his presidency, but for decades afterward. He orchestrated the realignment of voters that created the Fifth Party System. FDR's New Deal Coalition united together labor unions, big city machines, white ethnics, welfare recipients, African Americans and the rural white Southern. Roosevelt's diplomatic impact also resonated on the world stage long after his death, with the United Nations and Bretton Woods as examples of his administration's wide ranging impact. Roosevelt is consistently rated by scholars as one of the greatest U.S. Presidents. united states Winston churchill Great Britain Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, PC, FRS (30 November 1874 24 January 1965) was a British politician known chiefly for his leadership of the United Kingdom during World War II. He served as Prime Minister from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. A noted statesman and orator, Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, an historian, writer and artist. To date, he is the only British Prime Minister to have received the Nobel Prize in Literature, and the second person to be recognised as an Honorary Citizen of the United States. During his army career, Churchill saw military action in India, the Sudan, and the Second Boer War. He gained fame and notoriety as a war correspondent and through contemporary books, he wrote describing the campaigns. He also served briefly in the British Army on the Western Front in World War I, commanding the sixth Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers. At the forefront of the political scene for almost fifty years, he held many political and cabinet positions. Before the First World War, he served as President of the Board of Trade, Home Secretary and First Lord of the Admiralty as part of the Asquith Liberal government. During the war he continued as First Lord of the Admiralty until the disastrous Gallipoli Campaign caused his departure from government. He returned as Minister of Munitions, Secretary of State for War and Secretary of State for Air. In the interwar years, he served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Conservative government. After the outbreak of the Second World War, Churchill was again appointed First Lord of the Admiralty. Following the resignation of Neville Chamberlain on 10 May 1940, he became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and led Britain to victory against the Axis powers. Churchill was always noted for his speeches, which became a great inspiration to the British people and to the embattled Allied forces. After losing the 1945 election, he became Leader of the Opposition. In 1951, he again became Prime Minister, before finally retiring in 1955. Upon his death, the Queen granted him the honor of a state funeral, which saw one of the largest assemblies of diplomats in the world. Adolf hitler germany Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party, commonly known as the Nazi Party. He was the absolute dictator of Germany from 1934 to 1945, with the title of chancellor from 1933 to 1945 and with the title head of state (Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945. A decorated veteran of World War I, Hitler joined the precursor of the Nazi Party (DAP) in 1919 and became leader of NSDAP in 1921. Following his imprisonment after a failed coup in Bavaria in 1923, he gained support by promoting German nationalism, anti-semitism, anti-capitalism, and anti-communism with charismatic oratory and propaganda. He was appointed chancellor in 1933, and quickly transformed the Weimar Republic into the Third Reich, a single-party dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideals of national socialism. Hitler ultimately wanted to establish a New Order of absolute Nazi German hegemony in Europe. To achieve this, he pursued a foreign policy with the declared goal of seizing Lebensraum ("living space") for the Aryan people; directing the resources of the state towards this goal. This included the rearmament of Germany, which culminated in 1939 when the Wehrmacht invaded Poland. In response, the United Kingdom and France declared war against Germany, leading to the outbreak of World War II in Europe. Within three years, Germany and the Axis powers had occupied most of Europe, and most of Northern Africa, East and Southeast Asia and the Pacific Ocean. However, with the reversal of the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union, the Allies gained the upper hand from 1942 onwards. By 1945, Allied armies had invaded German-held Europe from all sides. Nazi forces engaged in numerous violent acts during the war, including the systematic murder of as many as 17 million civilians, an estimated six million of whom were Jews targeted in the Holocaust. In the final days of the war, at the fall of Berlin in 1945, Hitler married his long-time mistress Eva Braun and, to avoid capture by Soviet forces less than two days later, the two committed suicide. benito mussolini italy Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician who led the National Fascist Party and is credited with being one of the key figures in the creation of Fascism. He became the 40th Prime Minister of Italy in 1922 and began using the title Il Duce by 1925. After 1936, his official title was "His Excellency Benito Mussolini, Head of Government, Duce of Fascism, and Founder of the Empire". Mussolini also created and held the supreme military rank of First Marshal of the Empire along with King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, which gave him and the King joint supreme control over the military of Italy. Mussolini remained in power until he was replaced in 1943; for a short period after this until his death, he was the leader of the Italian Social Republic. Mussolini was among the founders of Italian Fascism, which included elements of nationalism, corporatism, national syndicalism, expansionism, social progress and anti-communism in combination with censorship of subversives and state propaganda. In the years following his creation of the fascist ideology, Mussolini influenced, or achieved admiration from, a wide variety of political figures. Among the domestic achievements of Mussolini from the years 1924–1939 were: his public works programmes such as the taming of the Pontine Marshes, the improvement of job opportunities, and public transport. Mussolini also solved the Roman Question by concluding the Lateran Treaty between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See. He is also credited with securing economic success in Italy's colonies and commercial dependencies. Although he initially favoured siding with France against Germany in the early 1930s, Mussolini became one of the main figures of the Axis powers and, on 10 June 1940, Mussolini led Italy into World War II on the side of Axis. Three years later, Mussolini was deposed at the Grand Council of Fascism, prompted by the Allied invasion. Soon after his incarceration began, Mussolini was rescued from prison in the daring Gran Sasso raid by German special forces. Following his rescue, Mussolini headed the Italian Social Republic in parts of Italy that were not occupied by Allied forces. In late April 1945, with total defeat looming, Mussolini attempted to escape to Switzerland, only to be quickly captured and summarily executed near Lake Como by Italian partisans. His body was then taken to Milan where it was hung upside down at a petrol station for public viewing and to provide confirmation of his demise. josef stalin USSR Stalin was the leader of Russia, or the USSR, during World War II. He had succeeded Vladimir Lenin after his death. He would aide the Allies in defeating the Axis Powers in World War II. allied powers emperor hirohito Japan This is the emperor of Japan during World War II. Japan had been a military dictatorship. Hirohito and Hideki Tojo, his lead military general, ruled Japan. axis powers europe in a constant struggle Europe was starting to imperialize. They were going to start a war that would change the lives of thousands of people. Little did they know, they had many alliances. Causes of World War I PatriotismFull transcript
Nationalism the catalyst of wwi There was a disagreement between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. There was a terrorist group called the "Black Hand" who wanted revenge on Austria-Hungary, who were persecuting them. Archduke Franz Ferdinand was planning to visit Serbia on a diplomacy mission. He went over to Serbia, and never heeded Serbia's warning about the terrorist organization. The Black Hand assassinated Ferdinand, and Austria-Hungary became furious. They gave Serbia an ultimatum, but the country refused. Austria-hungary asks for assistance Austria-Hungary asks Germany for assistance in the major conflict. They needed help, after all. Germany sends Austria-Hungary a blank check, and they sign it. An alliance is made. serbia cries for help Serbia calls for help. It contacts Russia, and it contacts France. Russia is willing to help. France thinks for a little bit, but then it joins in. Great Britain tried to remain neutral, but the Germans attacked their trade ships, so they went into the battle, as well. World war i takes place Europe fights in a massive war that lasts for 5 long years. Many people die, and it is a horrendous war. The U.S. is forced to join the war since Germany had been attacking its ships, too. It was tiring after a while. So, the U.S. joined in 1917. The war kept on going, and then the Germans surrendered in 1919. treaty of versailles EPIC FAILURE!!! U.S. President Woodrow Wilson went to the Treaty of Versailles to end WWI. He went there to prevent another world war from happening. Of course, the European powers were not interested in peace. They wanted Germany to pay the price they had done, and they wanted to expand. The only thing they agreed on was the League of Nations, and that was a bunch of baloney. It never worked out. Wilson never fulfilled whate he wanted to accomplish. vantage points of pre-wwii Germany
United States united states imperial japan germany the pitfall into the abyss After World War I, Germany took a downfall. The national debt was soaring high, since they were blamed for the start of World War I. They were forced to pay $1,000,000,000.00 for the "damage" they did. After that, Germany's economy went bad. No one had any jobs. It was horrid. a new leader A NEW FORM OF GOVERNMENT There was a new leader in town. He was a member of the Nazi Party (or National Socialist Party). His name was Adolf Hitler. He proposed that he would give everyone jobs if the citizens voted for him. And, they did, ironically. Little did the Germans know, Hitler was a radical. hitler comes to power Hitler comes to power in 1933. Everything starts out fine. Everyone is given a job. Everyone has an equal amount of pay. But, Hitler has brainwashed everyone. The man is corrupt. He tells everyone it is time to kill all the Jews, and it is time to make a thousand-year empire of the world. "It is time to get revenge on those who wronged us after WWI." hitler takes away rights Hitler took away the rights of the people in Germany. He did not want them having any freedom whatsoever. He took away Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Religion, Freedom of the Press, Freedom of the Media, etc. The man wanted the people of Germany oppressed so they would not oppose the Nazi cause. the holocaust begins Hitler takes thousands of Jews each day and boards them on a train to a concentration camp, where they will be oppressed and eventually "rid of" (Hitler's words). germany attempts expansion Hitler starts to expand. He will start to invade countries to build his "Aryan Empire." He wanted to take over the world. the roaring twenties Who knew that there was an economy that was so great, that the rest of the world had to suffer? We didn't. It never occured to us that the U.S. was the only prosperous nation out there while Europe and Asia were suffering a depression. Germany and Japan were imperializing; they were planning to take over the world! Anyways, with our good economy, we started spending a lot of money. We started buying on credit. People started getting the goods they wanted. There was also Prohibition in place, but we did not care. We partied with as much alcohol as we wanted. It was...different. the Great depression finally kicks in The US wasn't aware of it, but it came knocking at its front door. It was the Great Depression. Americans had been overspending on credit - money they did not have. The stock market crashed in 1929, and Wall Street lost all kinds of money. People lost their jobs, and they remained unemployed for nearly 4 years before FDR, the enlightened one, stepped in and saved everyone. In an average American family, there would be a mother who would stay home with the kids, and the father would go looking for a job. He would often never come back. Some males were even migrant workers; they lost their families. the soup kitchens It was unbelievable. America was in a complete state of unemployment. 30% of America was unemployed. People could not afford food or water. So, there were often long lines for something called the soup kitchen. blame everything on herbert hoover Herbert Hoover, the "failing" president at the time, had many things named after him. Old shacks were Hooverhomes. The handkerchiefs in one's pocket was a Hooverchief. A village of run-down shacks were Hoovervilles. This is a family living in a Hooverville. desperation Survival of the Fittest The lunacy continues. Some people were so desperate that they lived on the road. They lived in their cars, in other words. franklin delano roosevelt The New Deal Franklin Delano Roosevelt became president of the United States. He formed the New Deal to get everyone working again. It was revolutionary. Fathers could get money finally. There was actually work to be done. FDR knew the time was right, and it was time to get the nation back together again. fdr's new deal organizations AAA
prepare for war Eventually, the US would be brought into World War II japan in a state of depression Japan goes into a state of depression after World War I. They need more land for marketing and expansion. They want to imperialize. japanese take control of asia Throughout the 1930s, while the U.S. was still in the Great Depression, the Japanese began to imperialize all of Asia. They had made an agreement with Germany that it would be time to take over the world. japs take control The Japs control China, Korea, Vietnam, Taiwan, Cambodia, Thailand, India, Laos, and Mongolia all within a decade. japs take over da pacific The Japanese fly across the Pacific to expand even farther. They take over Midway, Guam, the Phillipines, and Indonesia. headed for hawaii It was time to strike the sleeping giant. germany attacks poland The catalyst of World War II. Every European country goes into conflict. germany takes over all of europe By 1941, Germany had taken control of all of Europe. All except Britain and Russia. germany battles with britain and the Ussr Germany tries everything they can to take over Great Britain and Russia. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Tsar Josef Stalin have to fight Hitler off for nearly a year before the U.S. comes into the war in 1941.