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Transcript of Opera
- literally means "work."
It was a term used within the Italian phrase "opera drammatica in musica"(a dramatic work set to music).
Euridice (1600) and the Orpheus legend: Giulio Caccini and Peri joined forces and created a music drama (Euridice) that would be recreated for centuries.
1637: Venice opened the first
public opera house, Teatro San Cassiano.
-the operatic text and story behind the drama.
: a group of poets, musicians, and intellectuals who met
at the home of Count Giovanni de' Bardi towards the end of the 16th century.
Their goal was to recreate Greek drama and blend it with modern music.
Elements of opera
: the madrigal, homophony, traditions of ancient Greece and Rome.
The first opera,
with music by
Jacopo Peri and libretto by Ottaviano
Rinuccini premiered in Florence in 1598.
Claudio Monteverdi perfected
operatic style with L'Orfeo (1607) and
: speech-like singing that mirrors
the natural stresses of the voice and tells the audience the story. Formerly referred to as monody, recitative permitted solo voices to declaim relatively large quantities of text in a rapid yet comprehensible manner. Solo voice accompanied by
Italian for 'song' and is more florid and melodious than recitative. Expressive lyricism and florid displays provide the musical high-point of most operas.
The Birth of
Georges Bizet's Carmen-Habanera
Mozart: The Marriage of Figaro
Giacomo Puccini: Madama Butterfly
Opera spread throughout Europe (similar to the Madrigal) during the 17th century. Each locale developed its own style.
Opera quickly commercialized; catchy melodies and spectacular scenic effects were expected and became the only way to attract a big crowd.
French operatic style owes itself to
Jean-Baptiste Lully (1632-1687).
Mozart: Don Giovanni- La ci darem el mano