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Types of Irony

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Cristina Stephany

on 3 December 2014

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Transcript of Types of Irony

Types of Irony
Is irony the opposite of wrinkly?
Irony is a literary device in which words are used to express a contradiction between appearance and reality - in irony, reality is the opposite of what we
it to be. Irony in literature provokes the reader to stop and think. There are three types of irony.
Situational Irony
When what happens is very different from what we expect would happen.
Verbal Irony
A contrast between what is said or written and what is expected.
Dramatic Irony
When the audience or the reader knows something a character does not know.
Verbal irony can be playful. Patrick's parents are discussing Sponge Bob, who lives in a pineapple under the sea.
Verbal irony can also be considered sarcasm, when one says the opposite of what is meant to hurt or mock.
Sarcasm is a type of verbal irony. This author uses verbal irony to express a serious tone.
This car crashed into a school of safe driving.
This is situational irony, because this man is calling people stupid, but he couldn't spell moron correctly.
This is verbal irony, because of the wording "unforeseen circumstances." Psychics are supposed to be able to see the future.
This is situational irony, because the bird is perched on the "no birds" sign.
This is dramatic irony, because the audience knows that Scar killed Mufasa, and Simba did not.
One last thing to remember:
Not every coincidence, curiosity, or oddity is an irony.

For example, a 98-year old man winning the lottery and dying the next day is not ironic, it is unfortunate.

Be careful of this discrepancy.
Let's look at some examples.
Identify and explain the irony in the example. Is it:
Verbal irony?
Situational irony?
Dramatic irony?
Full transcript