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Transgender 101

The basics of sex, gender, and transgender; Seminar Spring 2012

I Dane Furniss

on 26 November 2012

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Transcript of Transgender 101

101 Ways to be a Trans Ally Transgender Definitions
& Terms Transition Additional Resources t-vox.org Biological Sex Includes:
External genitalia,
Internal reproductive structures,
Hormone levels,
And secondary sex characteristics such as breasts, facial and body hair, and fat distribution. P.R.O.C.E.S.S. P
S articipation
tep Up
tep Back Physical traits. These characteristics are objective in that they can be seen and measured (with appropriate technology).

The scale consists not just of two categories (male and female) but is actually a continuum, with most people existing somewhere near one end or the other. Gender Identity How people think of themselves and identify in terms of sex (man, woman, boy, girl, intersex). By Creator:Tombe [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons By Bobjgalindo (Own work) [GFDL (www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons Gender identity is a psychological quality. Unlike biological sex, it can't be observed or measured (at least by current means), only reported by the individual.
(How the heart and mind feel about the body) Like biological sex, it consists of more than two categories, and there should be space for
those who identify as a third gender, intersex, both (two-spirit), or neither. In fact, many people feel that they have masculine and feminine aspects of their psyches, and some people, fearing that they do, seek to purge themselves of one or the other by acting in exaggerated sex-stereotyped ways. Gender Expression Everything we do that communicates our sex/gender to others: clothing, hair styles, mannerisms, ways of speaking, roles we take in interactions, etc.

This communication may be purposeful or accidental. Also called social gender because it relates to interactions between people.

Trappings of one gender or the other may be forced on us as children or by dress codes at school or work. By Adam Jones Adam63 (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons Gender expression is often viewed on a continuum, with feminine at one end and masculine at the other.

In between are gender expressions that combine elements of the two (sometimes called gender bending).

However, an androgynous gender expression (neither masculine nor feminine) might not fit on this continuum at all. By Kenji-Baptiste OIKAWA (Own work) [GFDL (www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons Transgender is an umbrella term that includes: Transsexuals
Cross dressers
...and more. Transsexual: A medical term coined in the 1950's to refer to individuals who desire to align their anatomy with their gender identity, changing their bodies hormonally and/or surgically.

Not all transsexuals can have or desire to complete genital surgery. FTM: A female to male transsexual. MTF: A male to female transsexual. Crossdresser: A person who is compelled to or enjoys wearing the clothing of the opposite sex on an occasional basis.

Crossdressers are often heterosexual men.

The term "transvestite" has also been used, but is considered offensive. Intersex: An individual whose biological and/or genetic traits at birth do not correspond with conventional concepts of male/female anatomy.

The term hermaphrodite is no longer used because it is considered offensive.
While some intersex people are also transgender, intersex people as a group have a unique set of needs and struggles. By Dws101 (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons By MarcusWerthmann Creator:Maya Posch (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons By Silvio Tanaka from SP, Brazil (Ronaldo com certeza iria...) [CC-BY-2.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons A complicated, multi-step process that can take years to complete as some transsexuals align their anatomy with their gender identity. This process may ultimately include sex reassignment surgery. Gender-neutral or epicene pronouns are pronouns that neither reveal nor imply the gender or the sex of a person. A term coined around 1994 by Dutch transman Carl Buijs that refers to the alignment of a person’s gender identity with their physical body. Transphobia lgbtcenter.ucdavis.edu/lgbt-education gendersanity.com hawaii.edu/hivandaids/Transgender%20102.pdf http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2011/12/11/led-child-who-simply-knew/SsH1U9Pn9JKArTiumZdxaL/story.html (taken from Wilder and adapted from the CUAV Speakers Bureau Training Manual, 1997; Working with LGBT College Students, Sanlo, 1998; Transgender Issues Packet, City of Eugene, Ore. Human Rights Commission Gender Identity Work Group, 2005 and Wikipedia, 2006.) Gender-Neutral Pronouns: Cisgender USU LGBTQA Resource Office
Access & Diversity Center
TSC 315 USU Allies on Campus
Facebook: on.fb.me/GH3bSv 7) Listen to trans voices. The best way to be an ally is to LISTEN to trans people themselves.
Talk to trans folks in your community.
They are the experts on their own lives! (adapted from the University of Vermont LBTQA Services) 1) If you don’t know what pronouns to use, ask politely and respectfully. 2) Don’t make assumptions about a trans person’s sexual orientation.
Gender identity is different than sexual orientation.
Being gay doesn’t mean you are trans and being trans doesn’t mean you’re gay.
Sexual orientation is about who we’re attracted to.
Gender identity is about how we see ourselves when it comes to how we fit into society’s male/ female continuum.
Trans people can identify as gay, straight, bisexual, pansexual or asexual. 3) Confidentiality, Disclosure and “Outing.” Some trans people “pass” and some do not. Knowing a trans person’s status is personal information and up to them to share with others. 4) Don’t assume what path a trans-person is on regarding surgery or hormones.

Affirm the many ways all of us can and do transcend gender boundaries, including the choices some of us make to use medical technology to change our bodies.

Some trans people wish to be recognized as their psychological gender without surgery or hormones; some need support and advocacy to get respectful medical care, hormones and/or surgery. 5) Don’t police public restrooms. Recognize that gender variant people may not match the little signs on the restroom door - or your expectations! 6) Don’t just add the “T” without doing the work. Gender expression can vary for an individual from day to day or in different situations. bostonglobe.com/metro/2011/12/11/led-child-who-simply-knew/SsH1U9Pn9JKArTiumZdxaL/story.html gaycenter.org/transgenderbasics UtahPrideCenter.org usu.edu/accesscenter/lgbtqa/ Encourage businesses and agencies to have unisex bathrooms, and offer to accompany a trans-person to the bathroom so they are less vulnerable. “LGBT” is now commonplace to show support for queerness. To be an ally for Transpeople, everyone needs to examine their own gender stereotypes and transphobia and be willing to defend trans people and celebrate trans lives. http://www.rawstory.com/rs/2011/12/10/australia-elects-worlds-first-intersex-mayor/ boygirlboigrrrl.tumblr.com In other words, it is the opposite of transgender, in which there is a mismatch between your body and the gender identity housed in your brain. What matters is that you are trying, and Trans people will recognize that. Don’t be discouraged if you don’t get it right – it can be hard to remember. Then use that pronoun and encourage others to do so. Gwen Araujo and Brandon Teena were both murdered when others revealed their trans status. Others routinely lose housing, jobs and friends. Do not casually share this information, or “gossip” about a person you know or think is trans. transgenderdor.org Some people are comfortable with a wider range of gender expression than others. Most people can identify a range on the scale where they feel the most comfortable. Billy Tipton (1914-1989) April Ashley (born 29 April 1935) Examples include Sie, hir, hirself; Zie, mer, merself and Co, cos, coself.
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