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Inductivism vs. Deductivism

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Anna Karlborg

on 9 February 2015

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Transcript of Inductivism vs. Deductivism

Deductive Reasoning vs. Inductive Reasoning
By: Denise Huang & Anna Karlborg

Three Forms of Deductive Reasoning
Law of Detachment
Law of Syllogism
Law of Contrapositive
-Broad generalizations from specific observations. -Even if all of the premises are true in a statement, inductive reasoning allows for the conclusion to be false.
Conclusion is reached by generalizing the premises information.
To what extent does one use inductive reasoning in everyday life?
To what extent does one use inductive reasoning in everyday life?

To what extent does one use deductive reasoning in everyday life?
One uses inductive reasoning when making everyday decisions. One bases their decisions off of past experiences and allows one to make less mistakes.
Karl Popper's example:
Premise 1: I have seen 99 swans.
Premise 2: All those swans were white.
Conclusion: All swans are white.

To what extent do scientists use inductive or deductive reasoning?
-Not always logically valid.
-Scientists detect specific patterns in the research and from there they use inductive reasoning to come up with a theory.
"Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy." Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Web. 4 Feb. 2015. <http://www.iep.utm.edu/val-snd/>.
"Deductive Versus Inductive Reasoning." Deductive Versus Inductive Reasoning. Web. 4 Feb. 2015. <http://www.nakedscience.org/mrg/Deductive and Inductive Reasoning.htm>.
If every time I touch a stove I burn my hand, then i will think that the stove burned my hand
Areas Of Knowledge
-Natural Sciences
-Human Sciences
Ways Of Knowing
Naik, Abhijit. "Inductive Reasoning Examples." Buzzle. Buzzle.com. Web. 4 Feb. 2015. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/inductive-reasoning-examples.html>.
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