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Section 1 : Spain's Empire and European Absolutism

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Maggie Anderson

on 9 May 2014

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Transcript of Section 1 : Spain's Empire and European Absolutism

Section 2: The Reign of Louis XIV
After a century of war and riots France was ruled b Lois XIV, the most powerful monarchy of his time.
Louis took control of e government at 22 after Mazurih died.
Louis devoted himself to maintaining France's economic poliical , and cultural ariculture.
Under Louis France was the most powerful countr in Europe.
In 1667, Louis invaded The Spanish Netherlands to expand France's countries.
Louis tried to start many wars but an alliance had formed to stop France.
Summary
Section 4 Absolute Rulers of Russia
Peter the Great made many changes in Russia to try to make it more like western Europe
During a time or religious & economic instability, Phillip II ruled Spain with a strong hand.
Phillip was very aggressive
Phillip would not allow anyone to help him.
The escorial reflected Phillips faith
Best known for his portraits of Royal families
He believed it was his duty to defend Catholicism against the Muslims

Section 3 Central European monarchs clash
Chapter 21: Absolute Monarchs in Europe
Summary
Phillip was a shy serious man that was deeply religious just like his father
Phillip II-
Philip II was King of Spain from 1556 and of Portugal from 1581
Absolute Monarchies-
is a monarchical form of government in which the monarch has absolute power among his or her people.
Divine right-
is a political and religious doctrine of royal and political legitimacy.
Merchants-
a person or company involved in wholesale trade, especially one dealing with foreign countries or supplying merchandise to a particular trade.
Accumulating -
gather together or acquire an increasing number or quantity of.
Influential-
having great influence on someone or something.
Bureaucracies-
a system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives.
Louis made France a unstoppable force. France ruled above all other European counries in almost everthing they did. France was the militar leader of Europe.
Edict of Nantes
-a 1598 declaration in which the French king Henry IV promised that Protestants could live in peace in France and could set up houses of woship in some French cities.
Skepicism
-a philosophy based on the idea that nothing can be known for certain.
Intendant
- a French government official appointed by the monarch to collect taxes and administer justice.
War of the Spanish Succession
-a conflict, lasing from 1701 to 1713, in which a number of European states fought to prevent the Bourbon famil from controlling Spain as well as France.
Summary
both Catholic's and Lutheray's was threatened by laluinim with war almost taking over everything in Germany which in 1608 catholic formed the catholic league
key words
1) thirty year war-Thirty Years War. A European war of 1618–48 that broke out between the Catholic Holy Roman Emperor and some of his German Protestant states and developed into a struggle for continental hegemony with France, Sweden, Spain, and the Holy Roman Empire as the major protagonists.

2) Maria Theresa- was the only female ruler of the Hapsburg dominions and the last of the House of Hapsburg

3) Frederick the great-King in Prussia (1740–1786) of the Hohenzollern dynasty.[1] He is best known for his military victories, his reorganization of Prussian armies, his innovative drills and tactics, and his final success against great odds in the Seven Years' War.

4) seven year war-: Seven Years War. A war (1756–63) that set Britain, Prussia, and Hanover against Austria, France, Russia, Saxony, Sweden, and Spain. More definitions of Seven Years War.
Key words
Ivan the Terrible
-A Russian czar of the sixteenth century. Ivan struggled constantly with the nobles of Russia and became famous for his brutality toward his enemies.
Boyar
-a member of the old nobility of Russia, before Peter the Great made rank dependent on state service.
Peter the Great
-introduced many reforms in government, technology, and the western European ideas. He also acquired new territories for Russia in the Baltic and founded the new capital of St Petersburg
Westernization
-to influence with ideas, customs, practices, characteristic of the Occident or of the western U.S.
Jerfs
-a person in a condition of servitude, required to render services to a lord, commonly attached to the lord's land and transferred with it from one owner to another
Desolate
-deprived or destitute of inhabitants
Monarchs
-a sole and absolute ruler of a state or nation
Section 1 : Spain's Empire and European Absolutism
Central idea: After a period of turmoil, absolute mural ruled Austria and the Germanic state of Prussia.
Facts: * Lutheran and Catholic tried to better each other by trying to gain followers
* Hapsburg's armies from Austria and Spain crushed the troops hired by princes.
* Gustavus Adulpus shifted the tide of war in 1630.
* Germany population dropped from 20 million to 10 million because of the effects the thirty years war.
1547 to 1560 were considered the "good period"
Using the secret police, Ivan executed many.
Peter shared the thrown with his half brother
Russia looked at rome for leadership
Peter ordered rebels to leave Moscow and settle in his new capitol
Summary:
Key words:
Key Words
Peter the Great's reforms were a first step toward Russia's westernization. today the country continues the process by experimenting with democratization.
Absolute rulers in England were overthrown and parliament gained power
The puritans hoped he would enact reform to purify Catholic practices
Parliament passed laws to limit royal power
In England, Cromwell & the puritans fought to reform society
Parliament could not rule with out the consent of the monarch
Section 5: Parliament Limits the English Monarchy

Puritans hoped he would enact reform to purify Catholic practices, The Parliament passed laws to limit royal powers. England Cromwell and the Puritans sought to reform society. They made laws that promoted Puritans morality and abolished activities they found sinful.

Key words
Charles 1
-King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625-1649).
English Civil war-
civil war in England between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists under Charles I; 1644-1648
Oliver Cromwell
-Oliver Cromwell was an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Habeas corpus
-a writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court, especially to secure the person's release unless lawful grounds are shown for their detention.
Restoration-
the action of returning something to a former owner, place, or condition.
Glorious Revolution-
English Revolution: the revolution against James II; there was little armed resistance to William and Mary in England although battles were fought in Scotland and Ireland (1688-1689)
Cabinet
-a body of advisers to the president, composed of the heads of the executive departments of the government.
Summary
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