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Eco-tourism in Bhutan

Sustainable form of natural resource-based tourism that focuses primarily on experiencing and learning about nature.
by

nidup thsering

on 7 November 2012

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Transcript of Eco-tourism in Bhutan

Thank You Bhutan’s current tariff makes trekking tourism expensive and exclusive, and lack of local tourism infrastructure seems to discourage ecotourism

Tour operators favor ecotourism, suggest park management to develop & maintain tourism infrastructure inside the park.

Tourists appreciate the ‘‘high value, low impact’’ tourism policy and support ecotourism activities that would benefit rural communities.

community development fund fed by park, could compensate farmers for economic losses from wildlife. Conclusion 80% willing to pay for local development and 53% prefer local restaurant service over cooking their own foods.
Local communities would help in retaining income from catering services

No correlation between income & length of stay Or between age & length of stay Tourism Development Policy Ecotourism AND Its Prospects
In BHUTAN Introduction…..contd….. Organizational Roles of Major Stakeholders Ecotourism potential to boost rural development & promote nature conservation- ecolodge, ecoresort.
Cautious: supported by appropriate policy framework
Initial investment & support in capacity building of communities
Support from govt., NGOs

Ecotourism benefits sharing – create community development fund
Can be used to compensate wildlife depredation

Community managed ecotourism fund- consonant with philosophy of GNH
Achieve equitable economic development, environmental protection & promote culture An option:
Community based micro-enterprise Local communities help in retaining income from catering services
Potential for expansion of farm business & handicraft items.

Local people provide home stays
Few privileged hh benefits – widens socio-economic gaps

Simple ecolodges essential in PAs –for rural benefit
Risk of attracting investors outside the region
Luxurious structures-transform local cultures(rural lifestyle) Tour operator survey: Results
& Implications Tourist Survey : Results &
Implications Primary & Secondary data collected in 2005 & 2006
Two survey conducted
Tourist
Airport departure questionnaires
Tour operators.
Questionnaires distributed to offices and collected after a week or two Study Methods Ecotourism AND Its Prospects
In BHUTAN contd……….. Purpose of the study Majority of tourists and tour operators are in favor of ecotourism.

Visitors interested in the natural beauty of the Himalayan kingdom.

RGOB has taken a cautious approach to tourism development and accorded a high priority to the conservation of natural resources.
51.44% (PAs & BC) Introduction Introduction
Ecotourism and its prospects in Bhutan
Tourism Development Policy
Study Methods
Tourist survey: Results & Implications
Tour Operator Survey : Results and Implications.
An option: Community Managed Micro-enterprise
Organizational roles of major stakeholders
Conclusion Outline Thank You Bhutan’s current tariff makes trekking tourism expensive and exclusive, and lack of local tourism infrastructure seems to discourage ecotourism

Tour operators favor ecotourism, suggest park management to develop & maintain tourism infrastructure inside the park.

Tourists appreciate the ‘‘high value, low impact’’ tourism policy and support ecotourism activities that would benefit rural communities.

community development fund fed by park, could compensate farmers for economic losses from wildlife. Conclusion Local communities help in retaining income from catering services
Potential for expansion of farm business & handicraft items.

Local people provide home stays
Few privileged hh benefits – widens socio-economic gaps

Simple ecolodges essential in PAs –for rural benefit
Risk of attracting investors outside the region
Luxurious structures-transform local cultures(rural lifestyle) Tour operator survey: Results
& Implications High tourism tariff
discouraging for any tourist( limiting factor

Trekkers constrained
Lack of adequate rescue operations and emergency medical evacuations by helicopter.

Most tourist prefer around road sight seeing & visiting monuments around the urban centers.
Few income opportunities in rural communities Tourist Survey : Results &
Implications Primary & Secondary data collected in 2005 & 2006
Two survey conducted
Tourist
- Airport departure questionnaires
Tour operators.
- Questionnaires distributed to offices and collected after a week or two Study Methods Balancing the social, ecological and economic aspects of tourism is a prerequisite for ecotourism sustainability

In Bhutan, ecotourism could provide foundation by encouraging the participation of rural communities in realizing the goals of GNH Ecotourism AND Its Prospects
In BHUTAN Extending tourism benefits to rural farming communities (69% of the total population), offers a better opportunity to contribute to Bhutan’s development philosophy of GNH

Undisturbed natural setting and untainted rural lifestyle in remote protected areas are attractive to many foreign tourist Introduction…..contd….. Majority of tourists and tour operators are in favor of ecotourism.

Visitors interested in the natural beauty of the Himalayan kingdom.

RGOB has taken a cautious approach to tourism development and accorded a high priority to the conservation of natural resources.
51.44% (PAs & BC) Introduction

Nidup,
B.Sc. Forestry, 2012


ECOTOURISM IN BHUTAN Extending its Benefits to Rural Communities Organizational Roles of Major Stakeholders Ecotourism potential to boost rural development & promote nature conservation- ecolodge, ecoresort.
Cautious: supported by appropriate policy framework
Initial investment & support in capacity building of communities
Support from govt., NGOs

Ecotourism benefits sharing – create community development fund
Can be used to compensate wildlife depredation

Community managed ecotourism fund- consonant with philosophy of GNH
Achieve equitable economic development, environmental protection & promote culture An option:
Community based micro-enterprise 80% willing to pay for local development and 53% prefer local restaurant service over cooking their own foods.
Local communities would help in retaining income from catering services

No correlation between income & length of stay Or between age & length of stay Tourism started in 1974

High pricing policy controls the nos of tourists for sustainable tourism management

High value, low volume(impact)

High pricing policy controls the nos of tourists for sustainable tourism management

Control nos of tourist in the entire country not area wise. Tourism Development Policy High tariff set by the government prevents mass tourism with its destructive impacts.

Ecotourism is ‘‘Responsible travel to natural areas and habitats, conserving environment, respecting culture and traditions, and improves the wellbeing of the citizens”.

Government is primarily interested in intervening only on behalf of destinations attract tourists to bring in a reasonable amount of foreign exchange – little progress in ecotourism Ecotourism AND Its Prospects
In BHUTAN contd……….. This paper explores whether it is possible for ecotourism to benefit rural communities in Bhutan and

whether the RGOB’s policy is aligned with tourists’ and tour operators’ attitudes toward ecotourism Purpose of the study
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