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HHS4U: Family Timeline

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sudoba abdul

on 25 September 2013

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Transcript of HHS4U: Family Timeline

Family Timeline
Agricultural Families
Pre-Industrial Families
Urban Industrial Families
The Contemporary Canadian Family
family structure adapted to new political, economic, and social pressures of life
families found it hard to pay for necessities on only one wage
women began to work outside the home alongside men
birth rate decline changing family structure in 1960s and 70s
status of women changed since they became independent
Divorce Act of 1968 established permissive guidelines for divorce, use and distribution of birth control became legal and acceptance of intercourse before marriage was practiced more
many new different family types emerge however nuclear family still dominant form
The Hunter-Gatherers

the first form of societal family
both men and women worked full time on the search for food
women gathered fruits, nuts, grains, herbs, small prey and were responsible for nurturing young children
men where responsible for hunting and making tools
sustainable and abundant food sources allowed families to stay at one location for a long period of time

established by informal marriages in which family members were dependent on one another for food and survival
lived in small nomadic groups related by consanguinity
Consanguinity: relationship by blood
dominant family system occurred
couples married in stable hunter-gatherer societies so men can support their own children

Monogamy: being married to only one person
Patriarchy: men are the supreme authority and decision maker in the family
Polygamy: having more than one martial partner
Arranged Marriages: bride and groom is selected by a third party rather then themselves
Most children stayed at home after marriage in order to continue helping on the family farm
led to very large extended families living together
Extended family: family consisting of nucleus and various relatives living in one household and functioning as a larger unit
Clan: a group of people of common descent
men and women worked side by side to clear land or establish a business
community life was dominated by men, while women were confined to activities in the family household
men could discipline women and children harshly
women could be punished by legal system through imprisonment for defending themselves against domestic assault

Transitional family: mother leaves the workforce temporarily to look after young children
Dual-income family: both spouses work full time
Blended family: divorce partners with children remarry
birth rate of children began to steadily decline resulting in childless couples
same sex marriages became more common
immigrant families bring diverse family systems and influence the family form, roles and priorities of next generation
young people married, they moved away from their families because they were now able to sustain themselves
working class families worked in factories
birth rates declined resulting in smaller families
consumer family: husband provider and head of household and link between family and society and wife created a comfortable house for husband and children
the family we are most familiar with today, began to take shape during this era
found fertile land and many animals in one area
daily quest for food was eliminated and families lived in permanent settlements
more food equaled more manual labor
began to have more children in order to create a work force and successfully sustain the farmland
concept of private property developed
family became highly organized
men who were not farmers became artisans, builders, merchants, soldiers, and politicians
women became focused on the family household
marriages and polygamy became popular due to the fact that the result was more children to work on the farm
people moved from farms to villages and towns and setup home businesses
economy was struggling during this time
couples were monogamous and had fewer children
households led by father, consisted of wife, children and any domestic servants and male apprentices
majority of families settled across the countryside
marriage became an economic necessity, due to the fact that it was near impossible for single women to get jobs in the workforce
children became an economic necessity and period of innocence did not exist
change in the status and role of women and children
men started working outside the home due to the production of factories in cities and towns
wage based labor force was established
industrial nuclear family: notion that motherhood was the sacred and primary role of women
men went out to work in the workforce, while women stayed at home to take care of the home and children
women were financially dependent on their husband's salaries
children were no longer required to work and had to attend school
home was a place of love and emotional content rather than economic activity
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