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Gifted Education in the United States (A Historical Journey)
Transcript of Gifted Education in the United States (A Historical Journey)
(States rights) Federal Interest There is NO active federal legislation on gifted education. Current State of Affairs Department of Education founded in 1867 to "collect information on schools and teaching that would help the States establish effective school systems." (Thomas Jefferson wanted to pay for bright, young students to go to college.) Individual and
Grassroots Efforts 1858 Superintendent of the St. Louis, Missouri school accelerates gifted students. This will become general practice nationwide between 1900 and 1920. 1916 Stanford-Binet (IQ)
Test is developed 1920s Teachers College becomes first university program to prepare its teacher candidates to educate the gifted. Henry Goddard releases "School Training of Gifted Children," a three-year study about a gifted program in the American public schools system. Starting now and into the 1930s, Leta Hollingworth opens the first gifted public school in NYC and publishes books on giftedness. 1946 American Association for
Gifted Children is founded. 1953 National Association for
Gifted Children is founded. 1958 The Association for the Gifted, a branch of the Council for Exceptional Children, is founded. 1958 1983 1981 1971 1969 National Defense
Education Act is passed Congress passes the Gifted and Talented Children’s Education Assistance Act Reagan Administration publishes A Nation At Risk Marland Report
is published Reagan Administration strips the Gifted and Talented Children’s Education program of its separate funding, choosing instead to funnel it into Chapter Two block grants along with funding from twenty-nine other educational programs. 1986 1982 Department of Education closes its Office of the Gifted and Talented 1988 2002 2011 Only 13% of the districts receiving funds under Chapter 2 allocate money for gifted children. Jacob K. Javits Gifted and Talented Children and Youth Education Act is passed as part of the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act No Child Left Behind signed is into law. 2010 Equity in Excellence Act fails to pass in Congress. Congress fails to
fund the Javits Act. 2013 TALENT Act is introduced in the Senate. Source: davidsongifted.org 512,698 identified in
2006-2007 (8.25% of total) Total K-12 Student Population G/T Available Funding, including Prop 98 (2010-2011) 6,217,113
(2010-2011) $64,447,000,000 $50,874,000
(.07% of total funding) NO required identification NO required programming NO required funding NO required training in giftedness for teachers, even those who teach exclusively in gifted programs That's about $8