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Transcript of Paragraph Writing
A paragraph is a collection of related sentences dealing with a single topic.
The basic rule of thumb with paragraphing is to
keep one idea to one paragraph
. If you begin to transition into a new idea, it belongs in a new paragraph. There are some simple ways to tell if you are on the same topic or a new one. You can have one idea and several bits of supporting evidence within a single paragraph.
The Basic Rule:
1 idea = 1 Paragraph
A paragraph: three kinds of sentences (develop the writer’s main idea, opinion, or feeling about a subject).
These sentences are:
1) the topic sentence
2) supporting sentence
3) concluding sentence
A Topic Sentence
Elements of a Paragraph
Tourism is now among the world’s most important industries, generating jobs and profits worth billions of pounds. At the same time, however, mass tourism can have dire effects on the people and places it embraces – both tourists and the societies and human environment they visit. We are increasingly familiar with some of the worst effects of unthinking, unmanaged, unsustainable tourism: previously undeveloped coastal villages that have become sprawling, charmless towns. Their seas poisoned by sewage, denuded of wildlife, their beaches stained with litter and empty tubes of suncream. Historic towns, their streets now chocked with traffic, their temples, churches and cathedrals seemingly reduced to a backdrop for holiday snaps that proclaim, ‘Been there, Done that’. Some of the world’s richest environments bruised by the tourist onslaught, their most distinctive wildlife driven to near-extinction, with wider environmental impacts caused by the fuel-hungry transport systems used to take holidaying travelers around the world.
2. For two of the topics below, write a possible funnel and a corresponding topic sentence that shows your opinion, stance, or point of view toward the subject.
c) gun control
d) job market
Writing Topic Sentences
A topic sentence is a sentence that
or thesis the paragraph is going to deal with. Although not all paragraphs have clear-cut topic sentences, an easy way to make sure your reader understands the topic of the paragraph is to put your topic sentence near the beginning of the paragraph.
Elements of a Paragraph
Some methods to make sure your paragraph is well-developed:
• Use examples and illustrations
• Cite data (facts, statistics, evidence, details, and others)
• Examine testimony (what other people say such as quotes and paraphrases)
• Use an anecdote or story
• Define terms in the paragraph
• Compare and contrast
• Evaluate causes and reasons
• Examine effects and consequences
• Analyze the topic
• Offer a chronology of an event
a) Topic sentences
b) Concluding sentences
c) Are the sentence effective? Why?
The topic sentence is a complete sentence. It has three parts: a subject, a verb, and a controlling idea.
Determining the subject of a topic sentence is a process of narrowing down an idea from general to specific.
The supporting sentences develop the topic sentence by giving specific details about the topic, i.e. you must write sentences that prove or support your idea
In Pairs. Write
for one of the following topic sentences. Write at least
a) Although the boat is a rather old-fashioned way of travelling, it has certain advantages.
b) Every day we hear of more and more violence at sports events.
c) Fast food is a good alternative to cooking for yourself.
d) Educational standards in private schools are usually higher than those in state schools.
The concluding sentence indicates the paragraph is finished and it completes the development of the subject of the paragraph.
Write a Paragraph
In Pairs. Now choose one of the topic sentences you wrote and write a complete paragraph. Write at least 100 words.
Write your paragraph on a separate sheet with your names & student numbers.
How can you start a paragraph?
Can I start with...?
a) In my opinion I think that ...
b) Yes, I agree that ...
c) Considering the topic discussed in ...
d) All the things mentioned in ...
Avoid personal or general statements:
'We all know...'
'Younger/Older people think...'
'Everyone knows/believes that..'
'In society it is accepted...'