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A Little Big History of Chocolate
Transcript of A Little Big History of Chocolate
Origins of Chocolate
The first recorded evidence of chocolate as a food dates back to Pre-Columbian Mexico. The Mayans and Aztecs especially. Cocoa beans to the Mayans represented life and fertility, which is shown from their stone carvings of cocoa pods. These civilizations were known to use cocoa beans to make a drink called 'Xocoatll'. They used cocoa beans as a currency, this was due to the fact that the beans were valuable and a big part of their culture.
The beginning of chocolate starts with the story of evolution that started 4 billion years ago on a newly created planet. Over millions of years one common single-celled micro-organism evolved to all of the animals and plants that we know today. The first land plant was born around 500 million years and allowed a new phase for evolution. The Theobroma Cacao is a product of this wave of evolution. The cocoa tree grows to about 8 metres and grows 20cm long fruit or pods, which contain around 30-40 beans in each pod.
The history of chocolate's agriculture is not long with the earliest record of chocolate being only 1500 years ago in Central America ny the Aztec and Mayan civilisations. These civilisations did not grow chocolate but instead foraged for it. In the 1500's when the western world discovered chocolate it was also prized highly. When western civilisations settled in Central America and their influence was spread the cocoa bean was farmed in Central America.
In the years after the discovery of chocolate cocoa beans were delivered to England and the chocolate that we know today was made. Multiple companies like the Cadbury Chocolate Company were made and mass produced chocolate. As the world has become more interconnected in the modern revolution this chocolate was easily spread from city to city.